A single-producer single-consumer Rust queue with smart batching

queue, spsc, batching


Batching Queue

A library that implements smart batching between a producer and a consumer. In other words, a single-producer single-consumer queue that tries to ensure that the either side runs for a while (to make use of L1 caches) before hibernating again.

One nice feature of this queue is that all buckets are preallocated, so unless you use the recv_batch or try_recv_batch methods no allocations are done as part of sending and receiving items.


# tokio_test::block_on(async {
use batch_queue::{batch_queue, pipe};

let (tx, mut rx) = batch_queue::<u32, 128>(20);
const N: u32 = 10_000_000;

tokio::spawn(async move {
    let stream = futures::stream::iter(0..N);
    pipe(stream, tx).await;

let mut x = 0;
while let Ok(iter) = rx.recv().await {
    for y in iter {
        assert_eq!(y, x);
        x += 1;
assert_eq!(x, N);
# })

Here, the iterator returned by recv() allows you to consume the bucket contents without allocating. On my AMD Hetzner box it takes about 6ns per item.

How it works

The queue is modeled as a boxed slice of buckets, which each is an appropriately sized array of MaybeUninit-ialized items and a fill level. Reader and writer maintain a current position each, which includes the bucket index as well as a cycle counter (to detect when the writer is exactly one full round ahead of the reader).

Inserting an item:

  • check whether the writer’s bucket is available for writing (i.e. it is not the reader’s bucket in the previous cycle)
  • if so, insert into next slot in bucket; if full, move write bucket position

Declaring end of current batch:

  • check whether current write bucket has elements ⇒ move write bucket position

Taking a bucket:

  • check whether the writer’s bucket is ahead of the reader’s bucket ⇒ take it and move read bucket position