🎏 Simple persistence for all Apollo Cache implementations

License: MIT

Language: TypeScript

Keywords: apollo, graphql, offline, react-native

apollo-cache-persist npm version build status

Simple persistence for all Apollo Client 2.0 cache implementations, including InMemoryCache and Hermes.

Supports web and React Native. See all storage providers.

Basic Usage

To get started, simply pass your Apollo cache and an underlying storage provider to persistCache.

By default, the contents of your Apollo cache will be immediately restored (asynchronously, see how to persist data before rendering), and will be persisted upon every write to the cache (with a short debounce interval).


React Native

import AsyncStorage from '@react-native-community/async-storage';
import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
import { persistCache } from 'apollo-cache-persist';

const cache = new InMemoryCache({...});

// await before instantiating ApolloClient, else queries might run before the cache is persisted
await persistCache({
  storage: AsyncStorage,

// Continue setting up Apollo as usual.

const client = new ApolloClient({


import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
import { persistCache } from 'apollo-cache-persist';

const cache = new InMemoryCache({...});

// await before instantiating ApolloClient, else queries might run before the cache is persisted
await persistCache({
  storage: window.localStorage,

// Continue setting up Apollo as usual.

const client = new ApolloClient({

Additional Options

persistCache and the constructor for CachePersistor accept the following options:

   * Required options.

  // Reference to your Apollo cache.
  cache: ApolloCache<TSerialized>,

  // Reference to your storage provider.
  storage: PersistentStorage<TPersisted>,

   * Trigger options.

  // When to persist the cache.
  // 'write': Persist upon every write to the cache. Default.
  // 'background': Persist when your app moves to the background. React Native only.
  // For a custom trigger, provide a function. See below for more information.
  // To disable automatic persistence and manage persistence manually, provide false.
  trigger?: 'write' | 'background' | function | false,

  // Debounce interval between persists (in ms).
  // Defaults to 0 for 'background' and 1000 for 'write' and custom triggers.
  debounce?: number,

   * Storage options.

  // Key to use with the storage provider. Defaults to 'apollo-cache-persist'.
  key?: string,

  // Whether to serialize to JSON before/after persisting. Defaults to true.
  serialize?: boolean,

  // Maximum size of cache to persist (in bytes).
  // Defaults to 1048576 (1 MB). For unlimited cache size, provide false.
  // If exceeded, persistence will pause and app will start up cold on next launch.
  maxSize?: number | false,

   * Debugging options.

  // Enable console logging.
  debug?: boolean,

}): Promise<void>;

Development package

apollo-cache-persist represents stable release that is being used by wider apollo community. To minimize impact and bring new changes to apollo-cache-persist we have created separate package that is being updated everytime we merge community PR.

apollo-cache-persist-dev will contain latest changes, package updates and features driven by community, but it might contain breaking changes or experiments that will not be included in apollo-cache-persist in the future.

Using development version

npm uninstall apollo-cache-persist
npm install apollo-cache-persist-dev

Advanced Usage

Using CachePersistor

Instead of using persistCache, you can instantiate a CachePersistor, which will give you fine-grained control of persistence.

CachePersistor accepts the same options as persistCache and returns an object with the following methods:

const persistor = new CachePersistor({...});

persistor.restore();   // Immediately restore the cache. Returns a Promise.
persistor.persist();   // Immediately persist the cache. Returns a Promise.
persistor.purge();     // Immediately purge the stored cache. Returns a Promise.

persistor.pause();     // Pause persistence. Triggers are ignored while paused.
persistor.resume();    // Resume persistence.
persistor.remove();    // Remove the persistence trigger. Manual persistence required after calling this.

// Obtain the most recent 30 persistor loglines.
// `print: true` will print them to the console; `false` will return an array.

// Obtain the current persisted cache size in bytes. Returns a Promise.
// Resolves to 0 for empty and `null` when `serialize: true` is in use.

Custom Triggers

For control over persistence timing, provide a function to the trigger option.

The custom trigger should accept one argument (a persist callback function), and it should return a function that can be called to uninstall the trigger.

The TypeScript signature for this function is as follows:

(persist: () => void) => (() => void)

For example, this custom trigger will persist every 10 seconds:

// This code is for illustration only.
// We do not recommend persisting on an interval.

const trigger = persist => {
  // Call `persist` every 10 seconds.
  const interval = setInterval(persist, 10000);

  // Return function to uninstall this custom trigger.
  return () => clearInterval(interval);

Storage Providers

The following storage providers work 'out of the box', with no additional dependencies:

  • AsyncStorage on React Native
  • window.localStorage on web
  • window.sessionStorage on web
  • localForage on web

apollo-cache-persist uses the same storage provider API as redux-persist, so you can also make use of the providers listed here, including:

If you're using React Native and set a maxSize in excess of 2 MB, you must use a filesystem-based storage provider, such as redux-persist-fs-storage. AsyncStorage does not support individual values in excess of 2 MB on Android.

Common Questions

Why is the 'background' trigger only available for React Native?

Quite simply, because mobile apps are different than web apps.

Mobile apps are rarely terminated before transitioning to the background. This is helped by the fact that an app is moved to the background whenever the user returns home, activates the multitasking view, or follows a link to another app. There's almost always an opportunity to persist.

On web, we could support a 'background' trigger with the Page Visibility API; however, data would be lost if the user closed the tab/window directly. Given this prevalence of this user behavior and the substantially better performance of the 'write' trigger on web, we've omitted a 'background' trigger on web.

How do I wait for the cache to be restored before rendering my app?

persistCache (as well as persistor.restore()) returns a promise that will resolve once the cache has been restored, which you can await before rendering your app.

This library, like Apollo Client, is framework agnostic; however, since many people have asked, here's an example of how to handle this in React. PRs with examples from other frameworks are welcome.

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { ApolloProvider } from 'react-apollo';
import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
import { persistCache } from 'apollo-cache-persist';

class App extends Component {
  state = {
    client: null,
    loaded: false,

  async componentDidMount() {
    const cache = new InMemoryCache({...});

    // Setup your Apollo Link, and any other Apollo packages here.

    const client = new ApolloClient({

    try {
      // See above for additional options, including other storage providers.
      await persistCache({
        storage: window.localStorage,
    } catch (error) {
      console.error('Error restoring Apollo cache', error);

      loaded: true,

  render() {
    const { client, loaded } = this.state;

    if (!loaded) {
      return <div>Loading...</div>;

    return (
      <ApolloProvider client={client}>
        {/* the rest of your app goes here */}

Using Synchronous Storage API

persistCache method is asynchronous to conform to production ready storage interfaces which offer only asynchronous API.

Apollo-cache-persist offers alternative persistCacheSync method that should be used only with small cache sizes and synchronous storage provider (e.g. window.localStorage). persistCacheSync is best suited for demo applications because it blocks UI rendering until the cache is restored.

import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
import { persistCacheSync } from 'apollo-cache-persist';

const cache = new InMemoryCache({...});

    storage: window.localStorage,

persistCacheSync works by instantiating subclasses of CachePeristor, Persistor, and Storage that implement a method for restoring the cache synchronously.

I need to ensure certain data is not persisted. How do I filter my cache?

Unfortunately, this is not yet possible. You can only persist and restore the cache in its entirety.

This library depends upon the extract and persist methods defined upon the cache interface in Apollo Client 2.0. The payload returned and consumed by these methods is opaque and differs from cache to cache. As such, we cannot reliably transform the output.

Alternatives have been recommended in #2, including using logic in your UI to filter potentially-outdated information. Furthermore, the maxSize option and methods on CachePersistor provide facilities to manage the growth of the cache.

For total control over the cache contents, you can setup a background task to periodically reset the cache to contain only your app’s most important data. (On the web, you can use a service worker; on React Native, there’s react-native-background-task.) The background task would start with an empty cache, query the most important data from your GraphQL API, and then persist. This strategy has the added benefit of ensuring the cache is loaded with fresh data when your app launches.

Finally, it's worth mentioning that the Apollo community is in the early stages of designing fine-grained cache controls, including the ability to utilize directives and metadata to control cache policy on a per-key basis, so the answer to this question will eventually change.

I've had a breaking schema change. How do I migrate or purge my cache?

For the same reasons given in the preceding answer, it's not possible to migrate or transform your persisted cache data. However, by using the methods on CachePersistor, it's simple to reset the cache upon changes to the schema.

Simply instantiate a CachePersistor and only call restore() if the app's schema hasn't change. (You'll need to track your schema version yourself.)

Here's an example of how this could look:

import AsyncStorage from '@react-native-community/async-storage';
import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory';
import { CachePersistor } from 'apollo-cache-persist';

const SCHEMA_VERSION = '3'; // Must be a string.
const SCHEMA_VERSION_KEY = 'apollo-schema-version';

async function setupApollo() {
  const cache = new InMemoryCache({...});

  const persistor = new CachePersistor({
    storage: AsyncStorage,

  // Read the current schema version from AsyncStorage.
  const currentVersion = await AsyncStorage.getItem(SCHEMA_VERSION_KEY);

  if (currentVersion === SCHEMA_VERSION) {
    // If the current version matches the latest version,
    // we're good to go and can restore the cache.
    await persistor.restore();
  } else {
    // Otherwise, we'll want to purge the outdated persisted cache
    // and mark ourselves as having updated to the latest version.
    await persistor.purge();
    await AsyncStorage.setItem(SCHEMA_VERSION_KEY, SCHEMA_VERSION);

  // Continue setting up Apollo as usual.

I'm seeing errors on Android.

Specifically, this error:

BaseError: Couldn't read row 0, col 0 from CursorWindow.  Make sure the Cursor is initialized correctly before accessing data from it.

This is the result of a 2 MB per key limitation of AsyncStorage on Android. Set a smaller maxSize or switch to a filesystem-based storage provider, such as redux-persist-fs-storage.

Cache persist and changing user context

In some cases like user logout we want to wipe out application cache. To do it effectively with Apollo Cache Persist please use client.clearStore() method that will eventually reset persistence layer.

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