dranov/pyvisgraph


License: MIT

Language: Python


Pyvisgraph - Python Visibility Graph

MIT License PyPI

Given a set of simple obstacle polygons, build a visibility graph and find the shortest path between two points.

Figure 1

Pyvisgraph is a MIT-licensed Python package for building visibility graphs from a list of simple obstacle polygons. The visibility graph algorithm (D.T. Lee) runs in O(n^2 log n) time. The shortest path is found using Djikstra's algorithm.

Installing Pyvisgraph

$ pip install pyvisgraph

Pyvisgraph supports Python 2 and 3.

Usage

Here is an example of building a visibility graph given a list of simple polygons:

>>> import pyvisgraph as vg
>>> polys = [[vg.Point(0.0,1.0), vg.Point(3.0,1.0), vg.Point(1.5,4.0)],
>>>          [vg.Point(4.0,4.0), vg.Point(7.0,4.0), vg.Point(5.5,8.0)]]
>>> g = vg.VisGraph()
>>> g.build(polys)
>>> shortest = g.shortest_path(vg.Point(1.5,0.0), vg.Point(4.0, 6.0))
>>> print shortest
[Point(1.50, 0.00), Point(3.00, 1.00), Point(4.00, 6.00)]

Once the visibility graph is built, it can be saved and subsequently loaded. This is useful for large graphs where build time is long. pickle is used for saving and loading.

>>> g.save('graph.pk1')
>>> g2 = VisGraph()
>>> g2.load('graph.pk1')

For obstacles with a large number of points, Pyvisgraph can take advantage of processors with multiple cores using the multiprocessing module. Simply add the number of workers (processes) to the build method:

>>> g.build(polys, workers=4)

Pyvisgraph also has some useful helper functions:

  • g.update([list of Points]): Updates the visibility graph by checking visibility of each Point in the list.
  • g.point_in_polygon(Point): Check if Point is in the interior of any of the obstacle polygons. Returns the polygon_id of said polygon, -1 if not inside any polygon.
  • g.closest_point(Point, polygon_id): Return the closest point outside polygon with polygon_id from Point.

Example & performance

This example uses a shapefile representing world shorelines as obstacles. Two vessels were picked randomly and their current location found using AIS. Red lines are laden voyage legs (carrying cargo) and dotted blue lines are ballast legs (no cargo, moving to load destination). Pyvisgraph has the following performance on a Microsoft Surface Pro 3 (Intel i7-4650U @ 1.7Ghz, 8GB DDR3 RAM), where time is in seconds:

Shoreline obstacle graph [points: 4335 edges: 4335]
Using 4 worker processes...
Time to create visibility graph: 554.683238029
Visibility graph edges: 118532
Time to update visgraph & find shortest path: 1.09287905693
Shorest path nodes: 19
Time to find shortest path between existing points: 0.508340835571

For one vessel the origin and destination Points were not part of the built visibility graph and had to first be computed. For the second vessel, these Points were first added to the visibility graph using update, then finding the shortest path is faster. Using Matplotlib basemap to visualize the routes: Figure 2

For more information about the implementation, see these series of articles:

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Christian Reksten-Monsen George Pîrlea

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