github.com/akutz/gometalinter

Concurrently run Go lint tools and normalise their output


Install
go get github.com/akutz/gometalinter

Documentation

Go Meta Linter Build Status

The number of tools for statically checking Go source for errors and warnings is impressive.

This is a tool that concurrently runs a whole bunch of those linters and normalises their output to a standard format:

<file>:<line>:[<column>]: <message> (<linter>)

eg.

stutter.go:9::warning: unused global variable unusedGlobal (varcheck)
stutter.go:12:6:warning: exported type MyStruct should have comment or be unexported (golint)

It is intended for use with editor/IDE integration.

Editor integration

Supported linters

  • go vet - Reports potential errors that otherwise compile.
  • go vet --shadow - Reports variables that may have been unintentionally shadowed.
  • gotype - Syntactic and semantic analysis similar to the Go compiler.
  • deadcode - Finds unused code.
  • gocyclo - Computes the cyclomatic complexity of functions.
  • golint - Google's (mostly stylistic) linter.
  • varcheck - Find unused global variables and constants.
  • structcheck - Find unused struct fields.
  • aligncheck - Warn about un-optimally aligned structures.
  • errcheck - Check that error return values are used.
  • dupl - Reports potentially duplicated code.
  • ineffassign - Detect when assignments to existing variables are not used.
  • interfacer - Suggest narrower interfaces that can be used.
  • unconvert - Detect redundant type conversions.
  • goconst - Finds repeated strings that could be replaced by a constant.

Disabled by default (enable with --enable=<linter>):

  • testify - Show location of failed testify assertions.
  • test - Show location of test failures from the stdlib testing module.
  • gofmt -s - Checks if the code is properly formatted and could not be further simplified.
  • goimports - Checks missing or unreferenced package imports.
  • lll - Report long lines (see --line-length=N).

Additional linters can be added through the command line with --linter=NAME:COMMAND:PATTERN (see below).

Quickstart

Install gometalinter:

$ go get github.com/alecthomas/gometalinter

Install all known linters:

$ gometalinter --install --update
Installing:
  structcheck
  aligncheck
  deadcode
  gocyclo
  ineffassign
  dupl
  golint
  gotype
  goimports
  errcheck
  varcheck
  interfacer
  goconst

Run it:

$ cd example
$ gometalinter ./...
stutter.go:13::warning: unused struct field MyStruct.Unused (structcheck)
stutter.go:9::warning: unused global variable unusedGlobal (varcheck)
stutter.go:12:6:warning: exported type MyStruct should have comment or be unexported (golint)
stutter.go:16:6:warning: exported type PublicUndocumented should have comment or be unexported (golint)
stutter.go:8:1:warning: unusedGlobal is unused (deadcode)
stutter.go:12:1:warning: MyStruct is unused (deadcode)
stutter.go:16:1:warning: PublicUndocumented is unused (deadcode)
stutter.go:20:1:warning: duplicateDefer is unused (deadcode)
stutter.go:21:15:warning: error return value not checked (defer a.Close()) (errcheck)
stutter.go:22:15:warning: error return value not checked (defer a.Close()) (errcheck)
stutter.go:27:6:warning: error return value not checked (doit()           // test for errcheck) (errcheck)
stutter.go:29::error: unreachable code (vet)
stutter.go:26::error: missing argument for Printf("%d"): format reads arg 1, have only 0 args (vet)

Gometalinter also supports the commonly seen <path>/... recursive path format. Note that this can be very slow, and you may need to increase the linter --deadline to allow linters to complete.

FAQ

Exit status

gometalinter sets two bits of the exit status to indicate different issues:

Bit Meaning
0 A linter generated an issue.
1 An underlying error occurred; eg. a linter failed to execute. In this situation a warning will also be displayed.

eg. linter only = 1, underlying only = 2, linter + underlying = 3

How do I make gometalinter work with Go 1.5 vendoring?

gometalinter has no specific support for vendor paths, however if the underlying tools support it then it should Just Work™. Ensure that all of the linters are up to date and built with Go 1.5 (gometalinter --install --update --force) then run GO15VENDOREXPERIMENT=1 gometalinter .. That should be it.

Why does gometalinter --install install a fork of gocyclo?

I forked gocyclo because the upstream behaviour is to recursively check all subdirectories even when just a single directory is specified. This made it unusably slow when vendoring. The recursive behaviour can be achieved with gometalinter by explicitly specifying <path>/.... There is a pull request open.

Gometalinter is not working

That's more of a statement than a question, but okay.

Sometimes gometalinter will not report issues that you think it should. There are three things to try in that case:

1. Update to the latest build of gometalinter and all linters

go get -u github.com/alecthomas/gometalinter
gometalinter --install --update

If you're lucky, this will fix the problem.

2. Analyse the debug output

If that doesn't help, the problem may be elsewhere (in no particular order):

  1. Upstream linter has changed its output or semantics.
  2. gometalinter is not invoking the tool correctly.
  3. gometalinter regular expression matches are not correct for a linter.
  4. Linter is exceeding the deadline.

To find out what's going on run in debug mode:

gometalinter --debug

This will show all output from the linters and should indicate why it is failing.

3. Report an issue.

Failing all else, if the problem looks like a bug please file an issue and include the output of gometalinter --debug.

Details

$ gometalinter --help
usage: gometalinter [<flags>] [<path>...]

Aggregate and normalise the output of a whole bunch of Go linters.

Default linters:

gofmt
      gofmt -l -s ./*.go
      :^(?P<path>[^\n]+)$
gotype  (golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gotype)
      gotype -e {tests=-a} .
      :PATH:LINE:COL:MESSAGE
goimports (golang.org/x/tools/cmd/goimports)
      goimports -l ./*.go
      :^(?P<path>[^\n]+)$
testify
      go test
      :Location:\s+(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+)$\s+Error:\s+(?P<message>[^\n]+)
test
      go test
      :^--- FAIL: .*$\s+(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+): (?P<message>.*)$
dupl  (github.com/mibk/dupl)
      dupl -plumbing -threshold {duplthreshold} ./*.go
      :^(?P<path>[^\s][^:]+?\.go):(?P<line>\d+)-\d+:\s*(?P<message>.*)$
golint  (github.com/golang/lint/golint)
      golint -min_confidence {min_confidence} .
      :PATH:LINE:COL:MESSAGE
structcheck  (github.com/opennota/check/cmd/structcheck)
      structcheck {tests=-t} .
      :^(?:[^:]+: )?(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+):(?P<col>\d+):\s*(?P<message>.+)$
aligncheck  (github.com/opennota/check/cmd/aligncheck)
      aligncheck .
      :^(?:[^:]+: )?(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+):(?P<col>\d+):\s*(?P<message>.+)$
gocyclo  (github.com/alecthomas/gocyclo)
      gocyclo -over {mincyclo} .
      :^(?P<cyclo>\d+)\s+\S+\s(?P<function>\S+)\s+(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+):(\d+)$
vet
      go tool vet ./*.go
      :PATH:LINE:MESSAGE
errcheck  (github.com/alecthomas/errcheck)
      errcheck .
      :^(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+):(?P<col>\d+)\t(?P<message>.*)$
ineffassign  (github.com/gordonklaus/ineffassign)
      ineffassign -n .
      :PATH:LINE:COL:MESSAGE
vetshadow
      go tool vet --shadow ./*.go
      :PATH:LINE:MESSAGE
varcheck  (github.com/opennota/check/cmd/varcheck)
      varcheck .
      :^(?:[^:]+: )?(?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+):(?P<col>\d+):\s*(?P<message>\w+)$
deadcode  (github.com/tsenart/deadcode)
      deadcode .
      :^deadcode: (?P<path>[^:]+):(?P<line>\d+):(?P<col>\d+):\s*(?P<message>.*)$
interfacer  (github.com/mvdan/interfacer/cmd/interfacer)
      interfacer ./
      :PATH:LINE:MESSAGE
goconst  (github.com/jgautheron/goconst/cmd/goconst)
      goconst ./
      :PATH:LINE:COL:MESSAGE

Severity override map (default is "warning"):

gotype -> error
test -> error
testify -> error
vet -> error

Flags:
      --help                Show context-sensitive help (also try --help-long
                            and --help-man).
      --fast                Only run fast linters.
  -i, --install             Attempt to install all known linters.
  -u, --update              Pass -u to go tool when installing.
  -f, --force               Pass -f to go tool when installing.
  -d, --debug               Display messages for failed linters, etc.
  -j, --concurrency=16      Number of concurrent linters to run.
  -e, --exclude=REGEXP      Exclude messages matching these regular expressions.
      --cyclo-over=10       Report functions with cyclomatic complexity over N
                            (using gocyclo).
      --line-length=80      Report lines longer than N (using lll).
      --min-confidence=.80  Minimum confidence interval to pass to golint.
      --min-occurrences=3   Minimum occurrences to pass to goconst.
      --dupl-threshold=50   Minimum token sequence as a clone for dupl.
      --sort=none           Sort output by any of none, path, line, column,
                            severity, message, linter.
  -t, --tests               Include test files for linters that support this
                            option
      --deadline=5s         Cancel linters if they have not completed within
                            this duration.
      --errors              Only show errors.
      --json                Generate structured JSON rather than standard
                            line-based output.
  -D, --disable=LINTER      List of linters to disable (testify,test).
  -E, --enable=LINTER       Enable previously disabled linters.
      --linter=NAME:COMMAND:PATTERN
                            Specify a linter.
      --message-overrides=LINTER:MESSAGE
                            Override message from linter. {message} will be
                            expanded to the original message.
      --severity=LINTER:SEVERITY
                            Map of linter severities.
      --disable-all         Disable all linters.

Args:
  [<path>]  Directory to lint. Defaults to ".". <path>/... will recurse.

Additional linters can be configured via the command line:

$ gometalinter --linter='vet:go tool vet -printfuncs=Infof,Debugf,Warningf,Errorf {paths}:PATH:LINE:MESSAGE' .
stutter.go:21:15:warning: error return value not checked (defer a.Close()) (errcheck)
stutter.go:22:15:warning: error return value not checked (defer a.Close()) (errcheck)
stutter.go:27:6:warning: error return value not checked (doit()           // test for errcheck) (errcheck)
stutter.go:9::warning: unused global variable unusedGlobal (varcheck)
stutter.go:13::warning: unused struct field MyStruct.Unused (structcheck)
stutter.go:12:6:warning: exported type MyStruct should have comment or be unexported (golint)
stutter.go:16:6:warning: exported type PublicUndocumented should have comment or be unexported (deadcode)