Machine lets you create Docker hosts on your computer, on cloud providers, and inside your own data center. It creates servers, installs Docker on them, then configures the Docker client to talk to them.
It works a bit like this:
$ docker-machine create -d virtualbox dev Creating CA: /home/username/.docker/machine/certs/ca.pem Creating client certificate: /home/username/.docker/machine/certs/cert.pem Image cache does not exist, creating it at /home/username/.docker/machine/cache... No default boot2docker iso found locally, downloading the latest release... Downloading https://github.com/boot2docker/boot2docker/releases/download/v1.6.2/boot2docker.iso to /home/username/.docker/machine/cache/boot2docker.iso... Creating VirtualBox VM... Creating SSH key... Starting VirtualBox VM... Starting VM... To see how to connect Docker to this machine, run: docker-machine env dev $ docker-machine ls NAME ACTIVE DRIVER STATE URL SWARM dev * virtualbox Running tcp://192.168.99.127:2376 $ eval "$(docker-machine env dev)" $ docker run busybox echo hello world Unable to find image 'busybox:latest' locally 511136ea3c5a: Pull complete df7546f9f060: Pull complete ea13149945cb: Pull complete 4986bf8c1536: Pull complete hello world $ docker-machine create -d digitalocean --digitalocean-access-token=secret staging Creating SSH key... Creating Digital Ocean droplet... To see how to connect Docker to this machine, run: docker-machine env staging $ docker-machine ls NAME ACTIVE DRIVER STATE URL SWARM dev - virtualbox Running tcp://192.168.99.127:2376 staging * digitalocean Running tcp://220.127.116.11:2376
Installation and documentation
Full documentation is available here.
Want to hack on Machine? Please start with the Contributing Guide.
In addition to the core driver plugins bundled alongside Docker Machine, users can make and distribute their own plugin for any virtualization technology or cloud provider. To browse the list of known Docker Machine plugins, please see this document in our repo.
Docker Machine tries to do the right thing in a variety of scenarios but sometimes things do not go according to plan. Here is a quick troubleshooting guide which may help you to resolve of the issues you may be seeing.
Note that some of the suggested solutions are only available on the Docker Machine master branch. If you need them, consider compiling Docker Machine from source. There are also unofficial pre-compiled master binaries hosted by @ehazlett.
A common issue with Docker Machine is that it will hang when attempting to start
up the virtual machine. Since starting the machine is part of the
create is often where these types of errors show up.
A hang could be due to a variety of factors, but the most common suspect is networking. Consider the following:
- Are you using a VPN? If so, try disconnecting and see if creation will succeed without the VPN. Some VPN software aggressively controls routes and you may need to manually add the route.
- Are you connected to a proxy server, corporate or otherwise? If so, take a
look at the
envand at setting environment variables for the created Docker Engine.
- Are there a lot of host-only interfaces listed by the command
VBoxManage list hostonlyifs? If so, this has sometimes been known to cause bugs. Consider removing the ones you are not using (
VBoxManage hostonlyif remove name) and trying machine creation again.
We are keenly aware of this as an issue and working towards a set of solutions which is robust for all users, so please give us feedback and/or report issues, workarounds, and desired workflows as you discover them.
Machine creation errors out before finishing
If you see messages such as "exit status 1" creating machines with VirtualBox,
this frequently indicates that there is an issue with VirtualBox itself. Please
file an issue and include a link
to a Github Gist with the output of the VirtualBox
log (usually located at
$HOME/.docker/machine/machines/machinename/machinename/Logs/VBox.log), as well
as the output of running the Docker Machine command which is failing with the
--debug flag enabled. This will help us to track down which versions
of VirtualBox are failing where, and under which conditions.
If you see messages such as "exit status 255", this frequently indicates there has been an issue with SSH. Please investigate your SSH configuration if you have one, and/or file an issue.
"You may be getting rate limited by Github" error message
In order to
upgrade virtual machines running Docker, Docker
Machine will check the Github API for the latest release of the boot2docker
operating system. The Github API
allows for a small number of unauthenticated requests from a given client, but
if you share an IP address with many other users (e.g. in an office), you may
get rate limited by their API, and Docker Machine will error out with messages
In order to work around this issue, you can generate a
and pass it to Docker Machine using the global
--github-api-token flag like
$ docker-machine --github-api-token=token create -d virtualbox newbox
This should eliminate any issues you've been experiencing with rate limiting.