au.com.dius:pact-jvm-provider-junit_2.12

# Pact junit runner ## Overview Library provides ability to play contract tests against a provider service in JUnit fashionable way. Supports: - Out-of-the-box convenient ways to load pacts - Easy way to change assertion strategy - **org.junit.BeforeClass**, **org.junit.AfterClass** and **org.junit.ClassRule** JUnit annotations, that will be run once - before/after whole contract test suite. - **org.junit.Before**, **org.junit.After** and **org.junit.Rule** JUnit annotations, that will be run before/after each test of an interaction. - **au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.State** custom annotation - before each interaction that requires a state change, all methods annotated by `@State` with appropriate the state listed will be invoked. These methods must either take no parameters or a single Map parameter. ## Example of HTTP test ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) // Say JUnit to run tests with custom Runner @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider @PactFolder("pacts") // Point where to find pacts (See also section Pacts source in documentation) public class ContractTest { // NOTE: this is just an example of embedded service that listens to requests, you should start here real service @ClassRule //Rule will be applied once: before/after whole contract test suite public static final ClientDriverRule embeddedService = new ClientDriverRule(8332); @BeforeClass //Method will be run once: before whole contract test suite public static void setUpService() { //Run DB, create schema //Run service //... } @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction public void before() { // Rest data // Mock dependent service responses // ... embeddedService.addExpectation( onRequestTo("/data"), giveEmptyResponse() ); } @State("default", "no-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "default" or "no-data" state public void toDefaultState() { // Prepare service before interaction that require "default" state // ... System.out.println("Now service in default state"); } @State("with-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "with-data" state public void toStateWithData(Map data) { // Prepare service before interaction that require "with-data" state. The provider state data will be passed // in the data parameter // ... System.out.println("Now service in state using data " + data); } @TestTarget // Annotation denotes Target that will be used for tests public final Target target = new HttpTarget(8332); // Out-of-the-box implementation of Target (for more information take a look at Test Target section) } ``` ## Example of AMQP Message test ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) // Say JUnit to run tests with custom Runner @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider @PactBroker(host="pactbroker", port = "80") public class ConfirmationKafkaContractTest { @TestTarget // Annotation denotes Target that will be used for tests public final Target target = new AmqpTarget(); // Out-of-the-box implementation of Target (for more information take a look at Test Target section) @BeforeClass //Method will be run once: before whole contract test suite public static void setUpService() { //Run DB, create schema //Run service //... } @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction public void before() { // Message data preparation // ... } @PactVerifyProvider('an order confirmation message') String verifyMessageForOrder() { Order order = new Order() order.setId(10000004) order.setPrice(BigDecimal.TEN) order.setUnits(15) def message = new ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilder() .withOrder(order) .build() JsonOutput.toJson(message) } } ``` ## Provider state callback methods For the provider states in the pact being verified, you can define methods to be invoked to setup the correct state for each interaction. Just annotate a method with the `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.State` annotation and the method will be invoked before the interaction is verified. For example: ```java @State("SomeProviderState") // Must match the state description in the pact file public void someProviderState() { // Do what you need to set the correct state } ``` If there are parameters in the pact file, just add a Map parameter to the method to be able to access those parameters. ```java @State("SomeProviderState") public void someProviderState(Map<String, Object> providerStateParameters) { // Do what you need to set the correct state } ``` ### Provider state teardown methods [3.5.22+] If you need to tear down your provider state, you can annotate a method with the `@State` annotation with the action set to `StateChangeAction.TEARDOWN` and it will be invoked after the interaction is verified. ```java @State("SomeProviderState", action = StateChangeAction.TEARDOWN) public void someProviderStateCleanup() { // Do what you need to to teardown the state } ``` ## Pact source The Pact runner will automatically collect pacts based on annotations on the test class. For this purpose there are 3 out-of-the-box options (files from a directory, files from a set of URLs or a pact broker) or you can easily add your own Pact source. If you need to load a single pact file from the file system, use the `PactUrl` with the URL set to the file path. **Note:** You can only define one source of pacts per test class. ### Download pacts from a pact-broker To use pacts from a Pact Broker, annotate the test class with `@PactBroker(host="host.of.pact.broker.com", port = "80")`. From _version 3.2.2/2.4.3+_ you can also specify the protocol, which defaults to "http". The pact broker will be queried for all pacts with the same name as the provider annotation. For example, test all pacts for the "Activity Service" in the pact broker: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @Provider("Activity Service") @PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80") public class PactJUnitTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050); } ``` #### _Version 3.2.3/2.4.4+_ - Using Java System properties The pact broker loader was updated to allow system properties to be used for the hostname, port or protocol. The port was changed to a string to allow expressions to be set. To use a system property or environment variable, you can place the property name in `${}` expression de-markers: ```java @PactBroker(host="${pactbroker.hostname}", port = "80") ``` You can provide a default value by separating the property name with a colon (`:`): ```java @PactBroker(host="${pactbroker.hostname:localhost}", port = "80") ``` #### _Version 3.5.3+_ - More Java System properties The default values of the `@PactBroker` annotation now enable variable interpolation. The following keys may be managed through the environment * `pactbroker.host` * `pactbroker.port` * `pactbroker.protocol` * `pactbroker.tags` (comma separated) * `pactbroker.auth.scheme` * `pactbroker.auth.username` * `pactbroker.auth.password` #### _Version 3.2.4/2.4.6+_ - Using tags with the pact broker The pact broker allows different versions to be tagged. To load all the pacts: ```java @PactBroker(host="pactbroker", port = "80", tags = {"latest", "dev", "prod"}) ``` The default value for tags is `latest` which is not actually a tag but instead corresponds to the latest version ignoring the tags. If there are multiple consumers matching the name specified in the provider annotation then the latest pact for each of the consumers is loaded. For any other value the latest pact tagged with the specified tag is loaded. Specifying multiple tags is an OR operation. For example if you specify `tags = {"dev", "prod"}` then both the latest pact file tagged with `dev` and the latest pact file taggged with `prod` is loaded. #### _Version 3.3.4/2.4.19+_ - Using basic auth with the with the pact broker You can use basic authentication with the `@PactBroker` annotation by setting the `authentication` value to a `@PactBrokerAuth` annotation. For example: ```java @PactBroker(host = "${pactbroker.url:localhost}", port = "1234", tags = {"latest", "prod", "dev"}, authentication = @PactBrokerAuth(username = "test", password = "test")) ``` The `username` and `password` values also take Java system property expressions. ### Pact Url To use pacts from urls annotate the test class with ```java @PactUrl(urls = {"http://build.server/zoo_app-animal_service.json"} ) ``` If you need to load a single pact file from the file system, you can use the `PactUrl` with the URL set to the file path. ### Pact folder To use pacts from a resource folder of the project annotate test class with ```java @PactFolder("subfolder/in/resource/directory") ``` ### Custom pacts source It's possible to use a custom Pact source. For this, implement interface `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.loader.PactLoader` and annotate the test class with `@PactSource(MyOwnPactLoader.class)`. **Note:** class `MyOwnPactLoader` must have a default empty constructor or a constructor with one argument of class `Class` which at runtime will be the test class so you can get custom annotations of test class. ### Filtering the interactions that are verified [version 3.5.3+] By default, the pact runner will verify all pacts for the given provider. You can filter the pacts and interactions by the following methods. #### Filtering by Consumer You can run only those pacts for a particular consumer by adding a `@Consumer` annotation to the test class. For example: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @Provider("Activity Service") @Consumer("Activity Consumer") @PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80") public class PactJUnitTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050); } ``` #### Filtering by Provider State You can filter the interactions that are executed by adding a `@PactFilter` annotation to your test class. The pact filter annotation will then only verify interactions that have a matching provider state. You can provide multiple states to match with. For example: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @Provider("Activity Service") @PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80") @PactFilter('Activity 100 exists in the database') public class PactJUnitTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050); } ``` You can also use regular expressions with the filter [version 3.5.3+]. For example: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @PactFilter('Activity \\d+ exists in the database') public class PactJUnitTest { } ``` ### Setting the test to not fail when no pacts are found [version 3.5.3+] By default the pact runner will fail the verification test if no pact files are found to verify. To change the failure into a warning, add a `@IgnoreNoPactsToVerify` annotation to your test class. #### Ignoring IO errors loading pact files [version 3.5.24+] You can also set the test to ignore any IO and parser exceptions when loading the pact files by setting the `ignoreIoErrors` attribute on the annotation to `"true"` or setting the JVM system property `pact.verification.ignoreIoErrors` to `true`. ** WARNING! Do not enable this on your CI server, as this could result in your build passing with no providers having been verified due to a configuration error. ** ## Test target The field in test class of type `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target` annotated with `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.TestTarget` will be used for actual Interaction execution and asserting of contract. **Note:** there must be exactly 1 such field, otherwise an `InitializationException` will be thrown. ### HttpTarget `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.HttpTarget` - out-of-the-box implementation of `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target` that will play pacts as http request and assert response from service by matching rules from pact. _Version 3.2.2/2.4.3+_ you can also specify the protocol, defaults to "http". ### AmqpTarget `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.AmqpTarget` - out-of-the-box implementation of `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target` that will play pacts as an AMQP message and assert response from service by matching rules from pact. #### Modifying the requests before they are sent [Version 3.2.3/2.4.5+] Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The HttpTarget supports request filters by annotating methods on the test class with `@TargetRequestFilter`. These methods must be public void methods that take a single HttpRequest parameter. For example: ```java @TargetRequestFilter public void exampleRequestFilter(HttpRequest request) { request.addHeader("Authorization", "OAUTH hdsagasjhgdjashgdah..."); } ``` __*Important Note:*__ You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests! #### Turning off URL decoding of the paths in the pact file [version 3.3.3+] By default the paths loaded from the pact file will be decoded before the request is sent to the provider. To turn this behaviour off, set the system property `pact.verifier.disableUrlPathDecoding` to `true`. __*Important Note:*__ If you turn off the url path decoding, you need to ensure that the paths in the pact files are correctly encoded. The verifier will not be able to make a request with an invalid encoded path. ### Custom Test Target It's possible to use custom `Target`, for that interface `Target` should be implemented and this class can be used instead of `HttpTarget`. # Verification Reports [versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+] The default test behaviour is to display the verification being done to the console, and pass or fail the test via the normal JUnit mechanism. From versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+, additional reports can be generated from the tests. ## Enabling additional reports via annotations on the test classes A `@VerificationReports` annotation can be added to any pact test class which will control the verification output. The annotation takes a list report types and an optional report directory (defaults to "target/pact/reports"). The currently supported report types are `console`, `markdown` and `json`. For example: ```java @VerificationReports({"console", "markdown"}) public class MyPactTest { ``` will enable the markdown report in addition to the normal console output. And, ```java @VerificationReports(value = {"markdown"}, reportDir = "/myreports") public class MyPactTest { ``` will disable the normal console output and write the markdown reports to "/myreports". ## Enabling additional reports via Java system properties or environment variables The additional reports can also be enabled with Java System properties or environment variables. The following two properties have been introduced: `pact.verification.reports` and `pact.verification.reportDir`. `pact.verification.reports` is the comma separated list of report types to enable (e.g. `console,json,markdown`). `pact.verification.reportDir` is the directory to write reports to (defaults to "target/pact/reports"). ## Additional Reports The following report types are available in addition to console output (`console`, which is enabled by default): `markdown`, `json`. You can also provide a fully qualified classname as report so custom reports are also supported. This class must implement `au.com.dius.pact.provider.reporters.VerifierReporter` interface in order to be correct custom implementation of a report. # Publishing verification results to a Pact Broker [version 3.5.4+] For pacts that are loaded from a Pact Broker, the results of running the verification can be published back to the broker against the URL for the pact. You will be able to see the result on the Pact Broker home screen. You need to set the version of the provider that is verified using the `pact.provider.version` system property. To enable publishing of results, set the property `pact.verifier.publishResults` to `true` [version 3.5.18+].


License
Apache-2.0

Documentation

pact-jvm

Build Status Appveyor build status Maven Central

JVM implementation of the consumer driven contract library pact.

From the Ruby Pact website:

Define a pact between service consumers and providers, enabling "consumer driven contract" testing.

Pact provides an RSpec DSL for service consumers to define the HTTP requests they will make to a service provider and the HTTP responses they expect back. These expectations are used in the consumers specs to provide a mock service provider. The interactions are recorded, and played back in the service provider specs to ensure the service provider actually does provide the response the consumer expects.

This allows testing of both sides of an integration point using fast unit tests.

This gem is inspired by the concept of "Consumer driven contracts". See http://martinfowler.com/articles/consumerDrivenContracts.html for more information.

Read Getting started with Pact for more information on how to get going.

Contact

Links

Documentation

Additional documentation can be found at docs.pact.io, in the Pact Wiki, and in the Pact-JVM wiki. Stack Overflow is also a good source of help.

Supported JDK and specification versions:

Branch Specification JDK Scala Versions Latest Version
4.0.x V3 8-12 N/A 4.0.0-beta.3
3.6.x V3 8 2.12 3.6.10
3.5.x V3 8 2.12, 2.11 3.5.25
3.5.x-jre7 V3 7 2.11 3.5.7-jre7.0
2.4.x V2 6 2.10, 2.11 2.4.20

Service Consumers

Pact-JVM has a number of ways you can write your service consumer tests.

I Use Scala

You want to look at: scala-pact or pact-jvm-consumer-specs2

I Use Java

You want to look at: pact-jvm-consumer-junit for JUnit 4 tests and pact-jvm-consumer-junit5 for JUnit 5 tests. Also, if you are using Java 8, there is an updated DSL for consumer tests.

I Use Groovy or Grails

You want to look at: pact-jvm-consumer-groovy or pact-jvm-consumer-junit

(Use Clojure I)

Clojure can call out to Java, so have a look at pact-jvm-consumer-junit. For an example look at example_clojure_consumer_pact_test.clj.

I Use some other jvm language or test framework

You want to look at: Pact Consumer

My Consumer interacts with a Message Queue

As part of the V3 pact specification, we have defined a new pact file for interactions with message queues. For an implementation of a Groovy consumer test with a message pact, have a look at PactMessageBuilderSpec.groovy.

Service Providers

Once you have run your consumer tests, you will have generated some Pact files. You can then verify your service providers with these files.

I am writing a provider and want to ...

verify pacts with SBT

You want to look at: scala-pact or pact sbt plugin

verify pacts with Gradle

You want to look at: pact gradle plugin

verify pacts with Maven

You want to look at: pact maven plugin

verify pacts with JUnit tests

You want to look at: junit provider support for JUnit 4 tests and pact-jvm-provider-junit5 for JUnit 5 tests

verify pacts with Leiningen

You want to look at: pact leiningen plugin

verify pacts with Specs2

Have a look at pact-jvm-provider-specs2

verify pacts with a Spring MVC project

Have a look at pact-jvm-provider-specs2 or Spring MVC Pact Test Runner (Not maintained).

I want to verify pacts but don't want to use sbt or gradle or leiningen

You want to look at: pact-jvm-provider

verify interactions with a message queue

As part of the V3 pact specification, we have defined a new pact file for interactions with message queues. The Gradle pact plugin supports a mechanism where you can verify V3 message pacts, have a look at pact gradle plugin. The JUnit pact library also supports verification of V3 message pacts, have a look at pact-jvm-provider-junit.

I Use Ruby or Go or something else

The pact-jvm libraries are pure jvm technologies and do not have any native dependencies.

However if you have a ruby provider, the json produced by this library is compatible with the ruby pact library. You'll want to look at: Ruby Pact.

For .Net, there is Pact-net.

For JS, there is Pact-JS.

For Go, there is Pact-go.

Have a look at implementations in other languages.

I Use something completely different

There's a limit to how much we can help, however check out pact-jvm-server

How do I transport my pacts from consumers to providers?

You want to look at: Pact Broker

Which is a project that aims at providing tooling to coordinate pact generation and delivery between projects.

I want to contribute

Documentation for contributors is on the wiki.