Pact provider ============= sub project of The pact provider is responsible for verifying that an API provider adheres to a number of pacts authored by its clients This library provides the basic tools required to automate the process, and should be usable on its own in many instances. Framework and build tool specific bindings will be provided in separate libraries that build on top of this core functionality. ### Provider State Before each interaction is executed, the provider under test will have the opportunity to enter a state. Generally the state maps to a set of fixture data for mocking out services that the provider is a consumer of (they will have their own pacts) The pact framework will instruct the test server to enter that state by sending: POST "${config.stateChangeUrl.url}/setup" { "state" : "${interaction.stateName}" } ### An example of running provider verification with junit This example uses Groovy, JUnit 4 and Hamcrest matchers to run the provider verification. As the provider service is a DropWizard application, it uses the DropwizardAppRule to startup the service before running any test. **Warning:** It only grabs the first interaction from the pact file with the consumer, where there could be many. (This could possibly be solved with a parameterized test) ```groovy class ReadmeExamplePactJVMProviderJUnitTest { @ClassRule public static TestRule startServiceRule = new DropwizardAppRule<DropwizardConfiguration>( TestDropwizardApplication.class, ResourceHelpers.resourceFilePath("dropwizard/test-config.yaml")) private static ProviderInfo serviceProvider private static Pact<RequestResponseInteraction> testConsumerPact private static ConsumerInfo consumer @BeforeClass static void setupProvider() { serviceProvider = new ProviderInfo("Dropwizard App") serviceProvider.setProtocol("http") serviceProvider.setHost("localhost") serviceProvider.setPort(8080) serviceProvider.setPath("/") consumer = new ConsumerInfo() consumer.setName("test_consumer") consumer.setPactSource(new UrlSource( ReadmeExamplePactJVMProviderJUnitTest.getResource("/pacts/zoo_app-animal_service.json").toString())) testConsumerPact = PactReader.loadPact(consumer.getPactSource()) as Pact<RequestResponseInteraction> } @Test void runConsumerPacts() { // grab the first interaction from the pact with consumer Interaction interaction = testConsumerPact.interactions.get(0) // setup the verifier ProviderVerifier verifier = setupVerifier(interaction, serviceProvider, consumer) // setup any provider state // setup the client and interaction to fire against the provider ProviderClient client = new ProviderClient(serviceProvider, new HttpClientFactory()) Map<String, Object> failures = new HashMap<>() verifier.verifyResponseFromProvider(serviceProvider, interaction, interaction.getDescription(), failures, client) if (!failures.isEmpty()) { verifier.displayFailures(failures) } // Assert all good assertThat(failures, is(empty())) } private ProviderVerifier setupVerifier(Interaction interaction, ProviderInfo provider, ConsumerInfo consumer) { ProviderVerifier verifier = new ProviderVerifier() verifier.initialiseReporters(provider) verifier.reportVerificationForConsumer(consumer, provider) if (!interaction.getProviderStates().isEmpty()) { for (ProviderState providerState: interaction.getProviderStates()) { verifier.reportStateForInteraction(providerState.getName(), provider, consumer, true) } } verifier.reportInteractionDescription(interaction) return verifier } } ``` ### An example of running provider verification with spock This example uses groovy and spock to run the provider verification. Again the provider service is a DropWizard application, and is using the DropwizardAppRule to startup the service. This example runs all interactions using spocks Unroll feature ```groovy class ReadmeExamplePactJVMProviderSpockSpec extends Specification { @ClassRule @Shared TestRule startServiceRule = new DropwizardAppRule<DropwizardConfiguration>(TestDropwizardApplication, ResourceHelpers.resourceFilePath('dropwizard/test-config.yaml')) @Shared ProviderInfo serviceProvider ProviderVerifier verifier def setupSpec() { serviceProvider = new ProviderInfo('Dropwizard App') serviceProvider.protocol = 'http' = 'localhost' serviceProvider.port = 8080 serviceProvider.path = '/' serviceProvider.hasPactWith('zoo_app') { pactSource = new FileSource(new File(ResourceHelpers.resourceFilePath('pacts/zoo_app-animal_service.json'))) } } def setup() { verifier = new ProviderVerifier() } def cleanup() { // cleanup provider state // ie. db.truncateAllTables() } def cleanupSpec() { // cleanup provider } @Unroll def "Provider Pact - With Consumer #consumer"() { expect: verifyConsumerPact(consumer).empty where: consumer << serviceProvider.consumers } private Map verifyConsumerPact(ConsumerInfo consumer) { Map failures = [:] verifier.initialiseReporters(serviceProvider) verifier.runVerificationForConsumer(failures, serviceProvider, consumer) if (!failures.empty) { verifier.displayFailures(failures) } failures } } ```




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JVM implementation of the consumer driven contract library pact.

From the Ruby Pact website:

Define a pact between service consumers and providers, enabling "consumer driven contract" testing.

Pact provides an RSpec DSL for service consumers to define the HTTP requests they will make to a service provider and the HTTP responses they expect back. These expectations are used in the consumers specs to provide a mock service provider. The interactions are recorded, and played back in the service provider specs to ensure the service provider actually does provide the response the consumer expects.

This allows testing of both sides of an integration point using fast unit tests.

This gem is inspired by the concept of "Consumer driven contracts". See for more information.

Read Getting started with Pact for more information on how to get going.




Additional documentation can be found at, in the Pact Wiki, and in the Pact-JVM wiki. Stack Overflow is also a good source of help.

Supported JDK and specification versions:

Branch Specification JDK Scala Versions Latest Version
4.0.x V3 8-12 N/A 4.0.0
3.6.x V3 8 2.12 3.6.14
3.5.x V3 8 2.12, 2.11 3.5.25
3.5.x-jre7 V3 7 2.11 3.5.7-jre7.0
2.4.x V2 6 2.10, 2.11 2.4.20

Service Consumers

Pact-JVM has a number of ways you can write your service consumer tests.

I Use Scala

You want to look at: scala-pact or pact-jvm-consumer-specs2

I Use Java

You want to look at: pact-jvm-consumer-junit for JUnit 4 tests and pact-jvm-consumer-junit5 for JUnit 5 tests. Also, if you are using Java 8, there is an updated DSL for consumer tests.

I Use Groovy or Grails

You want to look at: pact-jvm-consumer-groovy or pact-jvm-consumer-junit

(Use Clojure I)

Clojure can call out to Java, so have a look at pact-jvm-consumer-junit. For an example look at example_clojure_consumer_pact_test.clj.

I Use some other jvm language or test framework

You want to look at: Pact Consumer

My Consumer interacts with a Message Queue

As part of the V3 pact specification, we have defined a new pact file for interactions with message queues. For an implementation of a Groovy consumer test with a message pact, have a look at PactMessageBuilderSpec.groovy.

Service Providers

Once you have run your consumer tests, you will have generated some Pact files. You can then verify your service providers with these files.

I am writing a provider and want to ...

verify pacts with SBT

You want to look at: scala-pact or pact sbt plugin

verify pacts with Gradle

You want to look at: pact gradle plugin

verify pacts with Maven

You want to look at: pact maven plugin

verify pacts with JUnit tests

You want to look at: junit provider support for JUnit 4 tests and pact-jvm-provider-junit5 for JUnit 5 tests

verify pacts with Leiningen

You want to look at: pact leiningen plugin

verify pacts with Specs2

Have a look at pact-jvm-provider-specs2

verify pacts with a Spring MVC project

Have a look at pact-jvm-provider-specs2 or Spring MVC Pact Test Runner (Not maintained).

I want to verify pacts but don't want to use sbt or gradle or leiningen

You want to look at: pact-jvm-provider

verify interactions with a message queue

As part of the V3 pact specification, we have defined a new pact file for interactions with message queues. The Gradle pact plugin supports a mechanism where you can verify V3 message pacts, have a look at pact gradle plugin. The JUnit pact library also supports verification of V3 message pacts, have a look at pact-jvm-provider-junit.

I Use Ruby or Go or something else

The pact-jvm libraries are pure jvm technologies and do not have any native dependencies.

However if you have a ruby provider, the json produced by this library is compatible with the ruby pact library. You'll want to look at: Ruby Pact.

For .Net, there is Pact-net.

For JS, there is Pact-JS.

For Go, there is Pact-go.

Have a look at implementations in other languages.

I Use something completely different

There's a limit to how much we can help, however check out pact-jvm-server

How do I transport my pacts from consumers to providers?

You want to look at: Pact Broker

Which is a project that aims at providing tooling to coordinate pact generation and delivery between projects.

I want to contribute

Documentation for contributors is on the wiki.