dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-livedata-glide

Model-View-ViewModel architecture components for mobile (android & ios) Kotlin Multiplatform development


Keywords
android, kotlin, swift, ios, cocoapod, coroutines, mvvm, viewmodel, databinding, kotlin-native, livedata, kotlin-multiplatform, moko
License
Apache-2.0

Documentation

moko-mvvm
GitHub license Download kotlin-version

Mobile Kotlin Model-View-ViewModel architecture components

This is a Kotlin Multiplatform library that provides architecture components of Model-View-ViewModel for UI applications. Components are lifecycle-aware on Android.

Table of Contents

Features

  • ViewModel - store and manage UI-related data. Interop with Android Architecture Components - on Android it's precisely androidx.lifecycle.ViewModel;
  • LiveData, MutableLiveData, MediatorLiveData - lifecycle-aware reactive data holders with set of operators to transform, merge, etc.;
  • EventsDispatcher - dispatch events from ViewModel to View with automatic lifecycle control and explicit interface of required events;
  • DataBinding, ViewBinding support - integrate to android app with commonly used tools.

Requirements

  • Gradle version 6.8+
  • Android API 16+
  • iOS version 11.0+

Installation

root build.gradle

allprojects {
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
    }
}

project build.gradle

dependencies {
    commonMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-core:0.11.0") // only ViewModel, EventsDispatcher, Dispatchers.UI
    commonMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-livedata:0.11.0") // api mvvm-core, LiveData and extensions
    commonMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-state:0.11.0") // api mvvm-livedata, ResourceState class and extensions
    
    androidMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-livedata-material:0.11.0") // api mvvm-livedata, Material library android extensions
    androidMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-livedata-glide:0.11.0") // api mvvm-livedata, Glide library android extensions
    androidMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-livedata-swiperefresh:0.11.0") // api mvvm-livedata, SwipeRefreshLayout library android extensions
    androidMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-databinding:0.11.0") // api mvvm-livedata, DataBinding support for Android
    androidMainApi("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-viewbinding:0.11.0") // api mvvm-livedata, ViewBinding support for Android
    
    commonTestImplementation("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-test:0.11.0") // test utilities
}

Also required export of dependency to iOS framework. For example:

kotlin {
    // export correct artifact to use all classes of library directly from Swift
    targets.withType(org.jetbrains.kotlin.gradle.plugin.mpp.KotlinNativeTarget::class.java).all {
        binaries.withType(org.jetbrains.kotlin.gradle.plugin.mpp.Framework::class.java).all {
            export("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-core:0.11.0")
            export("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-livedata:0.11.0")
            export("dev.icerock.moko:mvvm-state:0.11.0")
        }
    }
}

On iOS, in addition to the Kotlin library add in Podfile

pod 'MultiPlatformLibraryMvvm', :git => 'https://github.com/icerockdev/moko-mvvm.git', :tag => 'release/0.11.0'

MultiPlatformLibraryMvvm CocoaPod requires that the framework compiled from Kotlin be named MultiPlatformLibrary and be connected as a CocoaPod MultiPlatformLibrary. Here's an example. To simplify integration with MultiPlatformFramework you can use mobile-multiplatform-plugin

MultiPlatformLibraryMvvm CocoaPod contains the extension to UIViews for binding with LiveData.

Documentation

Documentation generated by Dokka and available at https://icerockdev.github.io/moko-mvvm/

Usage

Simple view model

Let’s say we need a screen with a button click counter. To implement it we should:

common

In commonMain we can create a ViewModel like:

class SimpleViewModel() : ViewModel() {
    private val _counter: MutableLiveData<Int> = MutableLiveData(0)
    val counter: LiveData<String> = _counter.map { it.toString() }

    fun onCounterButtonPressed() {
        val current = _counter.value
        _counter.value = current + 1
    }
}

And after that integrate the ViewModel on platform the sides.

Android

SimpleActivity.kt:

class SimpleActivity : MvvmActivity<ActivitySimpleBinding, SimpleViewModel>() {
    override val layoutId: Int = R.layout.activity_simple
    override val viewModelVariableId: Int = BR.viewModel
    override val viewModelClass: Class<SimpleViewModel> = SimpleViewModel::class.java

    override fun viewModelFactory(): ViewModelProvider.Factory {
        return createViewModelFactory { SimpleViewModel() }
    }
}

MvvmActivity automatically loads a databinding layout, resolves ViewModel object and sets a databinding variable.
activity_simple.xml:

<layout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <data>

        <variable
            name="viewModel"
            type="com.icerockdev.library.sample1.SimpleViewModel" />
    </data>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:padding="16dp">

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="@{viewModel.counter.ld}" />

        <Button
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
            android:onClick="@{() -> viewModel.onCounterButtonPressed()}"
            android:text="Press me to count" />
    </LinearLayout>
</layout>

iOS

SimpleViewController.swift:

import MultiPlatformLibrary
import MultiPlatformLibraryMvvm

class SimpleViewController: UIViewController {
    @IBOutlet private var counterLabel: UILabel!
    
    private var viewModel: SimpleViewModel!
    
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        
        viewModel = SimpleViewModel()
        
        counterLabel.bindText(liveData: viewModel.counter)
    }
    
    @IBAction func onCounterButtonPressed() {
        viewModel.onCounterButtonPressed()
    }
    
    override func didMove(toParentViewController parent: UIViewController?) {
        if(parent == nil) { viewModel.onCleared() }
    }
}

bindText is an extension from the MultiPlatformLibraryMvvm CocoaPod.

ViewModel with send events to View

Let’s say we need a screen from which we should go to another screen by pressing a button. To implement it we should:

common

class EventsViewModel(
    val eventsDispatcher: EventsDispatcher<EventsListener>
) : ViewModel() {

    fun onButtonPressed() {
        eventsDispatcher.dispatchEvent { routeToMainPage() }
    }

    interface EventsListener {
        fun routeToMainPage()
    }
}

EventsDispatcher is a special class that automatically removes observers from lifecycle and buffers input events while listener is not attached (on the Android side).

Android

EventsActivity.kt:

class EventsActivity : MvvmActivity<ActivityEventsBinding, EventsViewModel>(),
    EventsViewModel.EventsListener {
    override val layoutId: Int = R.layout.activity_events
    override val viewModelVariableId: Int = BR.viewModel
    override val viewModelClass: Class<EventsViewModel> = EventsViewModel::class.java

    override fun viewModelFactory(): ViewModelProvider.Factory {
        return createViewModelFactory { EventsViewModel(eventsDispatcherOnMain()) }
    }

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)

        viewModel.eventsDispatcher.bind(
            lifecycleOwner = this,
            listener = this
        )
    }

    override fun routeToMainPage() {
        Toast.makeText(this, "here must be routing to main page", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
    }
}

eventsDispatcher.bind attaches EventsDispatcher to the lifecycle (in this case - to an activity) to correctly subscribe and unsubscribe, without memory leaks.

We can also simplify the binding of EventsDispatcher with MvvmEventsActivity and EventsDispatcherOwnder. EventsOwnerViewModel.kt:

class EventsOwnerViewModel(
    override val eventsDispatcher: EventsDispatcher<EventsListener>
) : ViewModel(), EventsDispatcherOwner<EventsOwnerViewModel.EventsListener> {

    fun onButtonPressed() {
        eventsDispatcher.dispatchEvent { routeToMainPage() }
    }

    interface EventsListener {
        fun routeToMainPage()
    }
}

EventsOwnderActivity.kt:

class EventsOwnerActivity :
    MvvmEventsActivity<ActivityEventsOwnerBinding, EventsOwnerViewModel, EventsOwnerViewModel.EventsListener>(),
    EventsOwnerViewModel.EventsListener {

    override val layoutId: Int = R.layout.activity_events_owner
    override val viewModelVariableId: Int = BR.viewModel
    override val viewModelClass: Class<EventsOwnerViewModel> = EventsOwnerViewModel::class.java

    override fun viewModelFactory(): ViewModelProvider.Factory {
        return createViewModelFactory { EventsOwnerViewModel(eventsDispatcherOnMain()) }
    }

    override fun routeToMainPage() {
        Toast.makeText(this, "here must be routing to main page", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
    }
}

iOS

EventsViewController.swift:

import MultiPlatformLibrary
import MultiPlatformLibraryMvvm

class EventsViewController: UIViewController {
    private var viewModel: EventsViewModel!
    
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        
        let eventsDispatcher = EventsDispatcher<EventsViewModelEventsListener>(listener: self)
        viewModel = EventsViewModel(eventsDispatcher: eventsDispatcher)
    }
    
    @IBAction func onButtonPressed() {
        viewModel.onButtonPressed()
    }
    
    override func didMove(toParentViewController parent: UIViewController?) {
        if(parent == nil) { viewModel.onCleared() }
    }
}

extension EventsViewController: EventsViewModelEventsListener {
    func routeToMainPage() {
        showAlert(text: "go to main page")
    }
}

On iOS we create an instance of EventsDispatcher with the link to the listener. We shouldn't call bind like on Android (in iOS this method doesn't exist).

ViewModel with validation of user input

class ValidationMergeViewModel() : ViewModel() {
    val email: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData("")
    val password: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData("")

    val isLoginButtonEnabled: LiveData<Boolean> = email.mergeWith(password) { email, password ->
        email.isNotEmpty() && password.isNotEmpty()
    }
}

isLoginButtonEnabled is observable email & password LiveData, and in case there are any changes it calls lambda with the newly calculated value.

We can also use one of these combinations:

class ValidationAllViewModel() : ViewModel() {
    val email: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData("")
    val password: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData("")

    private val isEmailValid: LiveData<Boolean> = email.map { it.isNotEmpty() }
    private val isPasswordValid: LiveData<Boolean> = password.map { it.isNotEmpty() }
    val isLoginButtonEnabled: LiveData<Boolean> = listOf(isEmailValid, isPasswordValid).all(true)
}

Here we have separated LiveData with the validation flags - isEmailValid, isPasswordValid and combine both to isLoginButtonEnabled by merging all boolean LiveData in the list with on the condition that "all values must be true".

ViewModel for login feature

common

class LoginViewModel(
    override val eventsDispatcher: EventsDispatcher<EventsListener>,
    private val userRepository: UserRepository
) : ViewModel(), EventsDispatcherOwner<LoginViewModel.EventsListener> {
    val email: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData("")
    val password: MutableLiveData<String> = MutableLiveData("")

    private val _isLoading: MutableLiveData<Boolean> = MutableLiveData(false)
    val isLoading: LiveData<Boolean> = _isLoading.readOnly()

    val isLoginButtonVisible: LiveData<Boolean> = isLoading.not()

    fun onLoginButtonPressed() {
        val emailValue = email.value
        val passwordValue = password.value

        viewModelScope.launch {
            _isLoading.value = true

            try {
                userRepository.login(email = emailValue, password = passwordValue)

                eventsDispatcher.dispatchEvent { routeToMainScreen() }
            } catch (error: Throwable) {
                val message = error.message ?: error.toString()
                val errorDesc = message.desc()

                eventsDispatcher.dispatchEvent { showError(errorDesc) }
            } finally {
                _isLoading.value = false
            }
        }
    }

    interface EventsListener {
        fun routeToMainScreen()
        fun showError(error: StringDesc)
    }
}

viewModelScope is a CoroutineScope field of the ViewModel class with a default Dispatcher - UI on both platforms. All coroutines will be canceled in onCleared automatically.

Android

LoginActivity.kt:

class LoginActivity :
    MvvmEventsActivity<ActivityLoginBinding, LoginViewModel, LoginViewModel.EventsListener>(),
    LoginViewModel.EventsListener {

    override val layoutId: Int = R.layout.activity_login
    override val viewModelVariableId: Int = BR.viewModel
    override val viewModelClass: Class<LoginViewModel> =
        LoginViewModel::class.java

    override fun viewModelFactory(): ViewModelProvider.Factory {
        return createViewModelFactory {
            LoginViewModel(
                userRepository = MockUserRepository(),
                eventsDispatcher = eventsDispatcherOnMain()
            )
        }
    }

    override fun routeToMainScreen() {
        Toast.makeText(this, "route to main page here", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
    }

    override fun showError(error: StringDesc) {
        Toast.makeText(this, error.toString(context = this), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
    }
}

activity_login.xml:

<layout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

    <data>

        <variable
            name="viewModel"
            type="com.icerockdev.library.sample6.LoginViewModel" />
    </data>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:padding="16dp">

        <EditText
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:hint="email"
            android:text="@={viewModel.email.ld}" />

        <EditText
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
            android:hint="password"
            android:text="@={viewModel.password.ld}" />

        <FrameLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <Button
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
                android:onClick="@{() -> viewModel.onLoginButtonPressed()}"
                android:text="Login"
                app:visibleOrGone="@{viewModel.isLoginButtonVisible.ld}" />

            <ProgressBar
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_gravity="center"
                app:visibleOrGone="@{viewModel.isLoading.ld}" />
        </FrameLayout>
    </LinearLayout>
</layout>

iOS

LoginViewController.swift:

class LoginViewController: UIViewController {
    @IBOutlet private var emailField: UITextField!
    @IBOutlet private var passwordField: UITextField!
    @IBOutlet private var loginButton: UIButton!
    @IBOutlet private var progressBar: UIActivityIndicatorView!
    
    private var viewModel: LoginViewModel!
    
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        
        let eventsDispatcher = EventsDispatcher<LoginViewModelEventsListener>(listener: self)
        viewModel = LoginViewModel(eventsDispatcher: eventsDispatcher,
                                   userRepository: MockUserRepository())
        
        emailField.bindTextTwoWay(liveData: viewModel.email)
        passwordField.bindTextTwoWay(liveData: viewModel.password)
        loginButton.bindVisibility(liveData: viewModel.isLoginButtonVisible)
        progressBar.bindVisibility(liveData: viewModel.isLoading)
    }
    
    @IBAction func onLoginButtonPressed() {
        viewModel.onLoginButtonPressed()
    }
    
    override func didMove(toParentViewController parent: UIViewController?) {
        if(parent == nil) { viewModel.onCleared() }
    }
}

extension LoginViewController: LoginViewModelEventsListener {
    func routeToMainScreen() {
        showAlert(text: "route to main screen")
    }
    
    func showError(error: StringDesc) {
        showAlert(text: error.localized())
    }
}

Samples

Please see more examples in the sample directory.

Set Up Locally

Contributing

All development (both new features and bug fixes) is performed in the develop branch. This way master always contains the sources of the most recently released version. Please send PRs with bug fixes to the develop branch. Documentation fixes in the markdown files are an exception to this rule. They are updated directly in master.

The develop branch is pushed to master on release.

For more details on contributing please see the contributing guide.

We’re hiring a Mobile Developers for our main team in Novosibirsk and remote team with Moscow timezone!

If you like to develop mobile applications, are an expert in iOS/Swift or Android/Kotlin and eager to use Kotlin Multiplatform in production, we'd like to talk to you.

To learn more and apply

License

Copyright 2019 IceRock MAG Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.