comedy 0.2.1

Node.js actor framework.

Homepage: https://github.com/untu/comedy#readme

Platform: npm

Language: JavaScript

License: EPL-1.0

Keywords: actors

Repository: git+https://github.com/untu/comedy.git

View on registry: https://www.npmjs.com/package/comedy

Direct download link: https://registry.npmjs.org/comedy/-/comedy-0.2.1.tgz

Install: npm install [email protected]


Comedy Build Status codecov

Comedy is a Node.js actor framework.

Actors are all about flexible scalability. After describing your application in terms of actors, you can scale arbitrary parts of the application to multiple cores on a single host (by spawning sub-processes) or even to multiple hosts in your network by simply modifying the configuration and without changing a single line of code.

Installation

Comedy is installed with NPM by running:

npm install comedy

After that you can use Comedy framework in your code by requiring comedy package.

var actors = require('comedy');

Quick Start

Running your first actor is as simple as follows:

var actors = require('comedy');

var actorSystem = actors(); // Create an actor system.

var myActorPromise = actorSystem
  .rootActor() // Get a root actor reference.
  .then(rootActor => {
    return rootActor.createChild({ // Create a child actor that says hello.
      sayHello: to => {
        console.log(`Hello, ${to}!`)
      }
    });
  });

myActorPromise.then(myActor => {
  // Our actor is ready, we can send messages to it.
  myActor.send('sayHello', 'world');
});

This will print

Hello, world!

along with some other log messages from a created actor system.

So, the steps required to create and run a minimal actor are the following:

  1. Create an actor system. You would normally do that in your main (startup) script. There is a bunch of options that you can pass when creating an actor system, and these options will be discussed in later sections. For now, we'll be just using the defaults.
  2. Get a reference to a Root actor. Actors can only be created by other actors, so you need an initial actor to start from. This actor is called a Root actor, and you can get it from actor system by using rootActor() method. The method returns not the actor itself, but a Promise of the Root actor. To get an actual reference, we use Promise.then() method. (Comedy uses a Bluebird promise library. For more information about promise API, please refer to Bluebird documentation).
  3. Create your actor as a child of a Root actor by using createChild() method. This method takes an actor definition as a first argument. An actor definition describes a behaviour of an actor: it defines what messages an actor can accept and how does it respond (message handlers) as well as how an actor is initialized and destroyed (lifecycle hooks). Actor definition can be represented in several formats. In our example, we're using a plain object actor definition with a single message handler, that handles sayHello message. It awaits a single to argument, prints a message to console and does not respond anything.

Class-Defined Actors

In previous section we've used plain-object actor definition to create our hello world actor. Another way to define actor behaviour is to use a class:

var actors = require('comedy');

/**
 * Actor definition class.
 */
class MyActor {
  sayHello(to) {
    console.log(`Hello, ${to}!`);
  }
}

actors()
  .rootActor() // Get a root actor reference.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(MyActor)) // Create a class-defined child actor.
  .then(myActor => {
    // Our actor is ready, we can send messages to it.
    myActor.send('sayHello', 'world');
  });

This example does exactly the same as previous one. The difference is that we have defined our actor behaviour using a JavaScript class. In this definition, each class method becomes a message handler. An instance of MyActor class is created together with an actor instance during actor creation.

The class definition option may be better for several reasons:

  • When using classes for defining actor behaviour, you take full advantage of the object-oriented programming and useful class properties such as inheritance and data encapsulation.
  • Your existing application is likely to be already described in terms of classes and their relations. Given that, it's easy to use any of your existing classes as an actor definition without probably modifying anything inside this class.

Module-Defined Actors

If your class is defined in a separate file, making a module (which is most likely the case), you can simply a specify a path to this module to createChild() method.

Let's say, our MyActor class from previous example is defined in a separate module called MyActor.js that resides in actors folder:

actors/MyActor.js:

/**
 * Actor definition class.
 */
class MyActor {
  sayHello(to) {
    console.log(`Hello, ${to}!`);
  }
}

module.exports = MyActor;

Then we can reference it in createChild() method by simply specifying a module path:

var actors = require('comedy');

actors()
  .rootActor() // Get a root actor reference.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild('/actors/MyActor')) // Create a module-defined child actor.
  .then(myActor => {
    // Our actor is ready, we can send messages to it.
    myActor.send('sayHello', 'world');
  });

This example would again print "Hello world!".

When we put a slash at the start of our module path, the module is looked-up relative to the project root (a folder where the package.json file is).

Important note about code transfer

Though module-defined actor may seem like a mere shortcut for specifying a direct class reference, it has a subtle difference in case of creating forked actors (separate-process actors, see below), that you should be aware of. That is: when you create a forked (separate-process) actor with class-defined behaviour, Comedy serializes the code of your class definition and passes it to a child actor process, where it is being compiled. This means that you cannot reference external variables (such as module imports) from your class, because these external variables won't be recognized by a child process and actor definition compilation will fail (you can import modules inside your class definition, however, and that will work).

When using module-defined actors, you have no such problem, because in this case Comedy simply passes a module path to a child process, where it is then imported using a regular Node.js module resolution process.

Given the above, module path is a preferred way of specifying actor definition to createChild() method. Class and plain-object definitions may still be a good option when a definition is simple and self-contained and you don't want to bother creating a separate file for it.

Scaling

The whole point of actors is the ability to scale on demand. You can turn any actor to a standalone process and let it utilize additional CPU core. This is done by just using a configuration property, which can be specified both programmaticaly and using a configuration file. Let's see the programmatic example first.

Programmatic configuration

The following example runs MyActor actor as a separate operating system process.

var actors = require('comedy');

/**
 * Actor definition class.
 */
class MyActor {
  sayHello(to) {
    // Reply with a message, containing self PID.
    return `Hello to ${to} from ${process.pid}!`;
  }
}

// Create an actor system.
var actorSystem = actors();

actorSystem
  // Get a root actor reference.
  .rootActor()
  // Create a class-defined child actor, that is run in a separate process (forked mode).
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(MyActor, { mode: 'forked' }))
  // Send a message to our forked actor with a self process PID.
  .then(myActor => myActor.sendAndReceive('sayHello', process.pid))
  .then(reply => {
    // Output result.
    console.log(`Actor replied: ${reply}`);
  })
  // Destroy the system, killing all actor processes.
  .finally(() => actorSystem.destroy());

In the example above we define MyActor with a sayHello message handler, which replies with a string containing the self process PID. Then, like in previous examples, we create an actor system, get a root actor, and create a child actor with MyActor definition. But here we specify an additional option: { mode: 'forked' }, that tells the actor system that this actor should be run in a separate process ("forked" mode). Then, once child actor is created, we send a message with sayHello topic and wait for response using sendAndReceive method. For a message body we, again, use self process PID. Once the response from child actor is received, we print it to console and destroy the actor system.

The output for this example should contain a string like:

Actor replied: Hello to 15327 from 15338!

As you see, the self PID that we send and the self PID that MyActor replies with are different, which means that they are run in separate processes. The process where MyActor is run will be a child of a process, where an actor system is created, and the messaging between actors turns from method invocation to an inter-process communication.

If you switch to in-memory mode by changing mode option value from "forked" to "in-memory" (which is a default and is equivalent to just omitting the options in createChild method), then both root actor and MyActor actor will be run in the same process, the messaging between actors will boil down to method invocation and the PIDs in the resulting message will be the same.

actorSystem
 .rootActor()
 // ...
 .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(MyActor, { mode: 'in-memory' }))
 // ...
Actor replied: Hello to 19585 from 19585!

Using configuration file

An alternative for using programmatic actor configuration is a configuration file. It is a JSON file with an actor name to options mapping, like the one below:

{
  "MyActor": {
    "mode": "in-memory"
  },
  "MyAnotherActor": {
    "mode": "forked"
  }
}

The above file states that actor with name MyActor should be run in in-memory mode, while actor named MyAnotherActor should be run in forked mode. If you name this file actors.json and place it at the root of your project (a directory where your package.json file is), Comedy will automatically pick this file and use the actor configuration from there.

You can also put your actor configuration file wherever you want and give it arbitrary name, but in this case you should explicitly specify a path to your actor configuration file when creating the actor system:

var actorSystem = actors({
  config: '/path/to/your/actor-configuration.json'
});

You can use both the default actors.json configuration file and your custom configuration file, in which case the configuration from the default actors.json file is extended with the custom configuration (what is missing in custom configuration is looked up in default).

Please note that for a given actor programmatic configuration takes precedence over file configuration: only those configuration properties that are missing in programmatic configuration are taken from file configuration. So, for example, if you have programmaticaly specified that the actor should run in in-memory mode, there is no way to override it using the file configuration.

Scaling to multiple instances

Besides forking just one single instance of your actor to a separate process, you can spawn multiple instances of your actor to multiple separate processes by simply using a configuration property. This configuration property is named clusterSize. Here is an example:

var actors = require('comedy');
var P = require('bluebird');

/**
 * Actor definition class.
 */
class MyActor {
  sayHello(to) {
    // Reply with a message, containing self PID.
    return `Hello to ${to} from ${process.pid}!`;
  }
}

// Create an actor system.
var actorSystem = actors();

actorSystem
  // Get a root actor reference.
  .rootActor()
  // Create a class-defined child actor.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(MyActor, {
    mode: 'forked', // Spawn separate process.
    clusterSize: 3 // Spawn 3 instances of this actor to load-balance over.
  }))
  .then(myActor => {
    // Sequentially send 6 messages to our newly-created actor cluster.
    // The messages will be load-balanced between 3 forked actors using
    // the default balancing strategy (round-robin).
    return P.each([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], number => {
      return myActor.sendAndReceive('sayHello', `${process.pid}-${number}`)
        .then(reply => {
          console.log(`Actor replied: ${reply}`);
        });
    });
  })
  .finally(() => actorSystem.destroy());

The output for this example will look something like this:

Actor replied: Hello to 15400-1 from 15410!
Actor replied: Hello to 15400-2 from 15416!
Actor replied: Hello to 15400-3 from 15422!
Actor replied: Hello to 15400-4 from 15410!
Actor replied: Hello to 15400-5 from 15416!
Actor replied: Hello to 15400-6 from 15422!

As you see, the root actor messages are being round-robin-balanced between 3 child instances of MyActor actor.

The clusterSize configuration property can be as well used in JSON configuration:

{
  "MyActor": {
    "mode": "forked",
    "clusterSize": 3
  }
}

Actor Lifecycle

Like plain objects, actors live and die. The difference is that an actor instance can be created in a separate process or even on a separate machine, which is why actor creation and destruction is asynchronous.

An actor lifecycle is represented by the diagram below:

Actor Lifecycle

As you can see from this diagram, an actor passes several states along it's life. These are:

  • Initializing
  • Working
  • Destroying
  • Destroyed

Some of the above state transitions can be handled by lifecycle hooks - special methods in actor definition, which are all optional.

These lifecycle hooks are covered in the following sections.

initialize() lifecycle hook

After an actor instance is created, an actor immediately enters Initializing state. At this point, Comedy first ensures an actor definition instance is created, and then attempts to call an initialize() method of an actor definition instance.

If an initialize() method is absent, an actor immediately enters Working state and is ready to handle incoming messages.

If an initialize() method is present in actor definition, Comedy calls this method passing a self actor instance reference as an input parameter, and looks at return value. If a return value is a Promise, an actor initialization is considered asynchronous and an actor enters Working state only when a returned promise is resolved. In other cases actor enters Working state immediately after initialize() returns.

If initialize() throws exception or a promise returned from initialize() is rejected, the actor initialization is considered failed, and an actor enters Destroying state, which basically starts actor destruction process (this will be covered later).

With initialize() lifecycle hook you can initialize all the things needed for you actor to work. Very often you will create child actors exactly in initialize():

class MyActor {
  initialize(selfActor) {
    // Create child actor.
    return selfActor.createChild(MyChildActor)
      .then(childActor => {
        // Save created child actor to instance field.
        this.childActor = childActor;
      });
  }
}

In the example above, MyActor will only start handling incoming messages once it's child actor is created and fully initialized.

destroy() lifecycle hook

There are several events that can remove actor from existence:

  • a destroy() method has been explicitly called on actor (this can be done by actor itself);
  • a parent actor is being destroyed;
  • an actor process is killed;
  • an actor initialization failed (covered above).

In normal cases an actor is destroyed gracefully, which means that it has a chance to do all necessary clean-up actions before final termination. These actions include destroying all immediate children and calling a destroy() lifecycle hook on actor definition instance.

destroy() lifecycle hook is similar to initialize() - it is passed in a self actor reference and is allowed to return promise, in which case a destruction is considered asynchronous and is only finished once a returned promise is resolved.

The algorithm of actor destruction is the following:

  1. Enter Destroying state. At this point actor no longer accepts incoming messages.
  2. Destroy immediate actor children. All errors generated by child destruction process are logged and ignored. Children are destroyed simultaneously.
  3. Call destroy() lifecycle hook on self actor definition instance.
  4. Once destroy() finishes, enter Destroyed state, notify parent and remove actor from memory.

Logging

Your actor system can quickly become complex enough to require logging facility to trace messages between actors as well as individual actor workflow.

Comedy comes with a built-in logging facility that lets you write log messages with various severity levels and distinguish log messages from different actors in a single log output.

A logging is done with a Logger instance, that can be retrieved for an actor system or for a particular actor using getLog() method.

var actors = require('comedy');

// Create an actor system.
var actorSystem = actors();

/**
 * Example actor definition.
 */
class MyActor {
  initialize(selfActor) {
    // Output actor-level log message.
    selfActor.getLog().info('MyActor initialized.');
  }
}

actorSystem
  .rootActor()
  .then(rootActor => {
    // Output system-level log message.
    actorSystem.getLog().info('Actor system initialized. Creating MyActor actor...');

    return rootActor.createChild(MyActor);
  });

This example will output something like:

Mon Jan 09 2017 17:44:16 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Actor system initialized. Creating MyActor actor...
Mon Jan 09 2017 17:44:16 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(5873a1c0705ebd2a663c3eeb, MyActor): MyActor initialized.

The first, system-level message, is prefixed with a current date-time and a log level label. The second, actor-level message, additionally prefixed with a description of an actor that writes the message. This prefixing is done automatically.

An actor description has the form:

ActorInstanceClassName(actorId, actorName)

It is exactly what you get when calling and Actor.toString() method.

An actor instance class name reveals the underlying actor instance implementation, which depends on an actor mode, and can be one of InMemoryActor, ForkedActorParent or ForkedActorChild. An actor ID is generated automatically for a given actor instance and is unique across the system.

You can specify your own logger implementation by using log actor system creation option, but this is an advanced topic that will be covered later.

Setting the log level

In some cases you might not want Comedy to do logging at all. In others you may want extended debug-level logging.

The log level is configured using setLevel() method of Logger instance.

There are 5 log levels in Comedy logger (each one includes all previous):

  1. Silent. No log messages are written.
  2. Error. Error messages are written.
  3. Warn. Warning messages are written.
  4. Info. Information messages are written. These messages are typically interesting for system administrators.
  5. Debug. Debug messages are written. These are messages that are only interesting for application developers and include some information about Comedy internals.

Here is an example of how you would configure logging level for the whole actor system:

// Create an actor system.
var actorSystem = actors();

// Set Silent logging level - no messages from Comedy will be written.
actorSystem.getLog().setLevel(1);

You can also use log level constants:

// Create an actor system.
var actorSystem = actors();

// Get system-level logger.
var logger = actorSystem.getLog();

// Set Debug log level.
logger.setLevel(logger.levels().Debug);

In a similar way, you can configure log level for a particular actor:

class MyActor {
  initialize(selfActor) {
    var logger = selfActor.getLog();
    logger.setLevel(logger.levels().Debug);
  }

  // ...
}

Resource Management

Actors are not always completely self-contained. It's not unusual for an actor to require some external re-usable resource to operate. A typical example of such resource is a connection to a database. Database connection (or connection pool) is a kind of a resource that you might want to be re-used by multiple actors within the same process, but also want it to be re-created for each forked process, spawned by a forked actor. Comedy lets you implement such behaviour with resources facility.

Here is an example, that uses MongoDB connection resource:

var actors = require('comedy');
var mongodb = require('mongodb');

/**
 * MongoDB connection resource definition.
 */
class MongoDbConnectionResource {
  /**
   * Resource initialization logic.
   *
   * @param system Actor system instance.
   * @returns {Promise} Initialization promise.
   */
  initialize(system) {
    this.log = system.getLog();
    this.log.info('Initializing MongoDB connection resource...');

    return mongodb.MongoClient.connect('mongodb://localhost:27017/test')
      .then(connection => {
        this.log.info('MongoDB connection resource successfully initialized.');

        this.connection = connection;
      })
  }

  /**
   * Resource destruction logic.
   *
   * @returns {Promise} Destruction promise.
   */
  destroy() {
    this.log.info('Destroying MongoDB connection resource...');

    return this.connection.close().then(() => {
      this.log.info('MongoDB connection resource successfully destroyed.');
    });
  }

  /**
   * This method returns the actual resource, that will be used by actors.
   *
   * @returns {*} MongoDB Database instance.
   */
  getResource() {
    return this.connection;
  }
}

/**
 * Test actor, that works with MongoDB connection resource.
 */
class TestActor {
  /**
   * @returns {[String]} Names of injected resources (taken from resource class name
   * or getName() method, if present).
   */
  static inject() {
    return ['MongoDbConnectionResource'];
  }

  /**
   * @param mongoDb MongoDB Database instance (injected by Comedy).
   */
  constructor(mongoDb) {
    this.mongoDb = mongoDb;
  }

  /**
   * Actor initialization logic.
   *
   * @param selfActor Self actor instance.
   */
  initialize(selfActor) {
    this.log = selfActor.getLog();
  }

  /**
   * Dumps a given collection to stdout.
   *
   * @param {String} name Collection name.
   * @returns {Promise} Operation promise.
   */
  dumpCollection(name) {
    return this.mongoDb.collection(name).find({}).toArray().then(result => {
      result.forEach((obj, idx) => {
        this.log.info(`Collection "${name}", item #${idx}: ${JSON.stringify(obj, null, 2)}`);
      });
    });
  }
}

// Create actor system with MongoDB connection resource defined.
var system = actors({
  resources: [MongoDbConnectionResource]
});

system
  .rootActor()
  // Create test actor.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(TestActor))
  // Send a 'dumpCollection' message and wait for processing to finish.
  .then(testActor => testActor.sendAndReceive('dumpCollection', 'test'))
  // Destroy the system.
  .finally(() => system.destroy());

You can run this example on a machine with MongoDB installed. If you put some sample objects into a test database (collection test):

$ mongo test
> db.test.insertMany([{ name: 'Alice' }, { name: 'Bob' }, { name: 'Carol' }])

and run the above example, you will get the output that looks like this:

Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Initializing MongoDB connection resource...
Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: MongoDB connection resource successfully initialized.
Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871598da402221604ed455, TestActor): Collection "test", item #0: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e4",
  "name": "Alice"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871598da402221604ed455, TestActor): Collection "test", item #1: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e5",
  "name": "Bob"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871598da402221604ed455, TestActor): Collection "test", item #2: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e6",
  "name": "Carol"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Destroying MongoDB connection resource...
Tue Jan 24 2017 11:51:36 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: MongoDB connection resource successfully destroyed.

You can see that MongoDB resource has been created before test actor runs it's logic and is then destroyed.

Like actors, resources have lifecycle. A resource is created and initialized once a first actor, that is dependent on this resource, is created. A resource dependency is declared within an actor definition by creating an inject() static method, that returns an array of names of resources, which actor requires. Each resource is then injected to an actor definition constructor parameter with corresponding index upon actor instance creation. A value to inject is taken from getResource() method of corresponding resource definition.

All created resources are destroyed during actor system destruction.

If none of the created actors needs a specific resource, it is never created. If we comment-out TestActor-related lines in our example, we will not see MongoDB resource creation and destruction messages - a connection to MongoDB won't be established.

// ...

system
  .rootActor()
  // Create test actor.
  // Commented-out: .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(TestActor))
  // Send a 'dumpCollection' message and wait for processing to finish.
  // Commented-out: .then(testActor => testActor.sendAndReceive('dumpCollection', 'test'))
  // Destroy the system.
  .finally(() => system.destroy());

No resource-related information should be present in log after running a modified example above.

On the other hand, if we created several actors requiring MongoDB resource within the same process, a resource instance will be created only once and will be re-used by all these actors. A modified version of our example with 2 test actors:

system
  .rootActor()
  // Create 2 test actors.
  .then(rootActor => Promise.all([rootActor.createChild(TestActor), rootActor.createChild(TestActor)]))
  // Send a 'dumpCollection' message and wait for processing to finish.
  .then(testActors => Promise.all([
    testActors[0].sendAndReceive('dumpCollection', 'test'),
    testActors[1].sendAndReceive('dumpCollection', 'test')
  ]))
  // Destroy the system.
  .finally(() => system.destroy());

will give the following output:

Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Initializing MongoDB connection resource...
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: MongoDB connection resource successfully initialized.
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871ca4cd6d772a5a73ff39, TestActor): Collection "test", item #0: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e4",
  "name": "Alice"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871ca4cd6d772a5a73ff39, TestActor): Collection "test", item #1: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e5",
  "name": "Bob"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871ca4cd6d772a5a73ff39, TestActor): Collection "test", item #2: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e6",
  "name": "Carol"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871ca4cd6d772a5a73ff3a, TestActor): Collection "test", item #0: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e4",
  "name": "Alice"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871ca4cd6d772a5a73ff3a, TestActor): Collection "test", item #1: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e5",
  "name": "Bob"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: InMemoryActor(58871ca4cd6d772a5a73ff3a, TestActor): Collection "test", item #2: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e6",
  "name": "Carol"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Destroying MongoDB connection resource...
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:21:40 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: MongoDB connection resource successfully destroyed.

As you see, MongoDB connection resource was created only once.

One final experiment we will do is creating 2 forked actors. In this case, a new instance of resource will be created for each actor, because they run in separate processes. In the parent process, however, the MongoDB resource instance won't be created, because no actor in parent process needs it.

system
  .rootActor()
  // Create 2 forked test actors.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(TestActor, { mode: 'forked', clusterSize: 2 }))
  // Send a 'dumpCollection' message and wait for processing to finish.
  .then(testActor => testActor.sendAndReceive('dumpCollection', 'test'))
  // Destroy the system.
  .finally(() => system.destroy());

For the above example we will need to slightly rework our MongoDbConnectionResource: because it is declared in the system by using class name, not resource path, it will be serialized and sent to forked process and then compiled there. Because MongoDbConnectionResource uses external variable, that is not serialized (mongodb), we will get compilation error. A recommended way to go here is to move resource definition to a separate file and the declare resource using a module path. But here we will modify our class to require mongodb package inside initialize() method:

class MongoDbConnectionResource {
  // ...
  
  initialize(system) {
    var mongodb = require('mongodb');

    this.log = system.getLog();
    this.log.info('Initializing MongoDB connection resource...');

    return mongodb.MongoClient.connect('mongodb://localhost:27017/test')
      .then(connection => {
        this.log.info('MongoDB connection resource successfully initialized.');

        this.connection = connection;
      })
  }
  
  // ...
}

Now, after running our modified example, we will get the following output:

Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Initializing MongoDB connection resource...
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Initializing MongoDB connection resource...
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: MongoDB connection resource successfully initialized.
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: MongoDB connection resource successfully initialized.
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: ForkedActorChild(58871e7872a8482cdc429be7, TestActor): Collection "test", item #0: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e4",
  "name": "Alice"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: ForkedActorChild(58871e7872a8482cdc429be7, TestActor): Collection "test", item #1: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e5",
  "name": "Bob"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: ForkedActorChild(58871e7872a8482cdc429be7, TestActor): Collection "test", item #2: {
  "_id": "58861b5072b7a3ff497763e6",
  "name": "Carol"
}
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Actor process exited, actor ForkedActorParent(58871e7872a8482cdc429be7, TestActor)
Tue Jan 24 2017 12:29:28 GMT+0300 (MSK) - info: Actor process exited, actor ForkedActorParent(58871e78a30d3b2ce25f3727, TestActor)

As you see, 2 instances of MongoDB connection resource are created, one for each forked actor. A database collection is dumped once by a first actor that receives the dumpCollection message (default round-robin balancing strategy).

Actor Metrics

When an actor is up and running, it can be configured to output a number of useful metrics for monitoring.

var actors = require('comedy');

/**
 * Sample actor.
 */
class MyActor {
  // ...Some useful code.

  metrics() {
    return {
      requestsPerSecond: Math.floor(Math.random() * 100) // Some real value should be here.
    };
  }
}

actors()
  .rootActor() // Get a root actor reference.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(MyActor)) // Create a child actor.
  .then(myActor => myActor.metrics()) // Query actor metrics.
  .then(metrics => {
    console.log('Actor metrics:', metrics); // Output actor metrics.
  });

An example above will output something like:

Actor metrics: { requestPerSecond: 47 }

What we did in the example above is we've defined a metrics method in MyActor actor definition class and then called metrics method on MyActor actor instance. This method returns a promise with actor metrics object, containing the metrics we've returned from metrics method.

"Wait!" - you'd say - "Why are we using a special metrics method for getting these metrics? Why don't we just send a 'metrics' message? Won't the result be the same?"

In this case - yes, the result will be exactly the same. But a metrics method has one additional useful property, for which you'll definitely want to use it: it automatically collects metrics from all child actors recursively as well.

Consider another example:

var actors = require('comedy');

/**
 * Sample actor.
 */
class MyActor {
  initialize(selfActor) {
    return selfActor.createChild(MyChildActor); // Create a child actor.
  }

  // ...Some useful code.

  metrics() {
    return {
      requestsPerSecond: Math.floor(Math.random() * 100) // Some real value should be here.
    };
  }
}

/**
 * Sample child actor.
 */
class MyChildActor {
  // ...Some useful code.

  metrics() {
    return {
      ignoredMessages: 0
    };
  }
}

actors()
  .rootActor() // Get a root actor reference.
  .then(rootActor => rootActor.createChild(MyActor)) // Create a child actor.
  .then(myActor => myActor.metrics()) // Query actor metrics.
  .then(metrics => {
    console.log('Actor metrics:', metrics); // Output actor metrics.
  });

This example's output will be similar to:

Actor metrics: { requestsPerSecond: 68, MyChildActor: { ignoredMessages: 0 } }

We've received metrics for MyActor as well as it's child actor, though we didn't change our calling code. When using metrics method, metric aggregation happens automatically, so each actor only needs to output it's own metrics from metrics message handler.

Message Marshalling

To be continued...


Dependencies Requirements Latest Stable Latest Release Licenses
app-root-path 2.0.1 2.0.1 2.0.1 MIT
bluebird 3.4.6 3.5.0 3.5.0 MIT
bson 0.5.5 1.0.4 1.0.4 Apache-2.0
randomstring 1.1.5 1.1.5 1.1.5 MIT
require-dir 0.3.0 0.3.1 0.3.1 MIT
tosource 1.0.0 1.0.0 1.0.0 Other
ts-node 1.3.0 3.0.2 3.0.2 MIT
typescript 2.0.3 2.3.0 2.3.1-insiders.20170420 Apache-2.0
underscore 1.8.3 1.8.3 1.8.3 MIT
underscore.string 3.3.4 3.3.4 3.3.4 MIT
winston 2.2.0 2.3.1 2.3.1 MIT
Explore the resolved dependency tree for comedy 0.2.1
Development Dependencies Requirements Latest Stable Latest Release Licenses
chai ^3.5.0 3.5.0 4.0.0-canary.2 MIT
chai-like ^0.1.10 0.2.10 0.2.10 MIT
eslint 3.1.1 3.19.0 4.0.0-alpha.1 MIT
eslint-config-google 0.6.0 0.7.1 0.7.1 Apache-2.0
eslint-plugin-jsdoc 2.3.1 3.0.2 3.0.2 BSD-3-Clause
grunt ^1.0.1 1.0.1 1.0.1 MIT
grunt-cli ^1.2.0 1.2.0 1.2.0 MIT
grunt-eslint ^19.0.0 19.0.0 19.0.0 MIT
grunt-tslint ^3.2.1 5.0.1 5.0.1 Apache-2.0
istanbul ^0.4.5 0.4.5 1.1.0-alpha.1 BSD-3-Clause
load-grunt-tasks ^3.5.2 3.5.2 3.5.2 MIT
markdown-toc ^1.1.0 1.1.0 1.1.0 MIT
mocha ^3.1.0 3.3.0 3.3.0 MIT
np ^2.13.1 2.13.3 2.13.3 MIT
supertest ^3.0.0 3.0.0 3.0.0 MIT
tslint ^3.15.1 5.1.0 5.1.0 Apache-2.0
Explore the resolved development dependency tree for comedy 0.2.1

Releases

0.2.1 April 10, 2017
0.2.0 February 14, 2017
0.1.0 January 13, 2017
0.0.3 January 10, 2017
0.0.2 November 06, 2016
0.0.1 October 05, 2016
0.0.0 September 28, 2016

Project Statistics

SourceRank 7
Dependencies 11
Dependent projects 0
Dependent repositories 0
Total releases 7
Latest release
First release
Stars 20
Forks 1
Watchers 6
Contributors 1
Repo Size: 209 KB

Top Contributors See all

Viktor Isaev

Something wrong with this page? Make a suggestion

Export .ABOUT file for this library

Last synced: 2017-04-10 18:00:08 UTC

Login to resync this project