Rakudo Perl 6
This is Rakudo Perl 6, a Perl 6 compiler for the MoarVM and JVM.
Rakudo Perl 6 is Copyright © 2008-2019, The Perl Foundation. Rakudo Perl 6 is distributed under the terms of the Artistic License 2.0. For more details, see the full text of the license in the file LICENSE.
This directory contains only the Rakudo Perl 6 compiler itself; it does not contain any of the modules, documentation, or other items that would normally come with a full Perl 6 distribution. If you're after more than just the bare compiler, please download the latest Rakudo Star package.
Note that different backends implement slightly different sets of features. For a high-level overview of implemented and missing features, please visit the features page on perl6.org.
Recent changes and feature additions are documented in the
Building and Installing Rakudo
See the INSTALL.txt file for detailed prerequisites and build and installation instructions.
The general process for building is running
perl Configure.pl with
the desired configuration options (common options listed below), and
make install. Optionally, you may run
make spectest to test your build on Roast,
the Official Perl 6 test suite. To update the test suite, run
Installation of Rakudo simply requires building and running
Note that this step is necessary for running Rakudo from outside the build
directory. But don't worry, it installs locally by default, so you don't need
any administrator privileges for carrying out this step.
Configuring Rakudo to run on MoarVM
To automatically download, build, and install a fresh MoarVM and NQP, run:
$ perl Configure.pl --gen-moar --gen-nqp --backends=moar
Please be aware, that this will install MoarVM and NQP into your given --prefix before Configure.pl exits.
Configuration flags can be passed to MoarVM's Configure.pl using the --moar-option flag. For example, if you wish to use Clang when GCC is the default compiler selected for your OS, use the --compiler flag:
$ perl Configure.pl --gen-moar --moar-option='--compiler=clang' \ --gen-nqp --backends=moar
If the compiler you want to use isn't known by MoarVM or you have multiple versions of the same compiler installed, the --cc flag can be used to pass its exact binary:
$ perl Configure.pl --gen-moar --moar-option='--cc=egcc' \ --gen-nqp --backends=moar
Custom optimization and debugging levels may also be passed through:
$ perl Configure.pl --gen-moar --moar-option='--optimize=0 --debug=3' \ --gen-nqp --backends=moar
For more information on how MoarVM can be configured, view MoarVM's Configure.pl.
Configuring Rakudo to run on the JVM
Note that to run Rakudo on JVM, JDK 1.8 must be installed. To automatically download, build, and install a fresh NQP, run:
$ perl Configure.pl --gen-nqp --backends=jvm
If you get a
java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space error building
rakudo on the JVM, you may need to modify your NQP runner to limit memory
use. e.g. edit the nqp-j / nqp-j.bat executable (found wherever you installed to, or in the
install/bin directory) to include
-Xms500m -Xmx3g as options passed to java.
Alternatively, you can set
JAVA_OPTS env var; e.g.
Please be aware, that this will install NQP into your given --prefix before Configure.pl exits.
Alternatively, feel free to git clone https://github.com/perl6/nqp manually and install it individually.
Multiple backends at the same time
By supplying combinations of backends to the
--backends flag, you
can get two or three backends built in the same prefix. The first
backend you supply in the list is the one that gets the
as a symlink, and all backends are installed separately as
perl6-j for Rakudo on
MoarVM, or JVM respectively.
The format for the
--backends flag is:
$ perl Configure.pl --backends=moar,jvm $ perl Configure.pl --backends=ALL
Run the full spectest:
$ make spectest # <== takes a LONG time!!
To run a single test, one must use
make because of the tooling required to
run the spectests. For example:
$ make t/spec/S12-traits/parameterized.t
Run all tests in one S* directory with a bash script. One example:
$ cat run-tests.sh #!/bin/bash # specify the desired directory: D='t/spec/S26-documentation' # collect the individual files F=$(ls $D/*t) # and run them for f in $F do echo "Testing file '$f'" make $f done echo "All tests in dir '$D' have been run."
That can be written as a one-liner:
for f in $(ls t/spec/S26-documentation/*t); do make "$f"; done
Where to get help or answers to questions
There are several mailing lists, IRC channels, and wikis available with help for Perl 6 and Rakudo. Figuring out the right one to use is often the biggest battle. Here are some rough guidelines:
The central hub for Perl 6 information is perl6.org. This is always a good starting point.
If you have a question about Perl 6 syntax or the right way to approach a problem using Perl 6, you probably want the “firstname.lastname@example.org” mailing list or the irc.freenode.net/#perl6 IRC channel. The perl6-users list is primarily for the people who want to use Perl 6 to write programs, so newbie questions are welcomed there. Newbie questions are also welcome on the #perl6 channel; the Rakudo and Perl 6 development teams tend to hang out there and are generally glad to help. You can follow @perl6org and on Twitter, there's a Perl 6 news aggregator at Planet Perl 6.
Questions about NQP can also be posted to the #perl6 IRC channel. For questions about MoarVM, you can join #moarvm on freenode.
If you have a patch that fixes a bug or adds a new feature, please create a pull request using github's pull request infrastructure.
See our contribution guidelines for more information.
Line editing and tab completion
If you would like simple history and tab completion in the perl6 executable, you need to install the Linenoise module. The recommended way to install Linenoise is via zef:
$ zef install Linenoise
An alternative is to use a third-party program such as rlwrap.
Jonathan Worthington is the current pumpking for Rakudo Perl 6. See CREDITS for the many people that have contributed to the development of the Rakudo compiler.