Easily handle promises in your React components

react, promise, data, fetch, ajax, loader
npm install react-smart-promise@1.0.4


React Smart Promise

Hook for dealing with promises in React components

GitHub license npm version code style: prettier typescript coverage bundle size

Try the other libaries in the series! React Stateful Tabs, React Use Pagination, React Accessible Form


  • 📦 Works with any code or library that uses promises
  • 🌬 Customizable cancelation for libraries like Axios and native fetch
  • 🎯 Complete TypeScript generics for automatic inference of promise result type
  • 🔄 Multiple re-fetch modes (every, latest) for scenarios like typeahead search or debounced inputs
  • ⚡️ Fully customizable for pagination, optimistic updates, infinite scroll, polling, etc.
  • 🐜 Tiny yet powerful — less than 1kb gzipped


import axios from "axios";
import { usePromise } from "react-smart-promise";

const fetchUsers = () => axios.get("/users");

function App() {
    const [err, users, status] = usePromise(fetchUsers);

    if (err) {
      return "Error fetching users.";
    if (!users) {
        return "Loading...";

    return <ul>
      { => <li>{}</li>)}


const [error, data, status] = usePromise(options);


  mode?: "latest" | "every", // (default: "latest")
  onCancel?: (promise: Promise<T>) => void, // (default: void)


Determines whether to show only the most recent promise (latest) or to show the most recently resolved promise in the queue (every). A typical usecase for every is when implementing an “auto-complete” search, where you want to show the latest result as they stream in.


Although usePromise will cancel the promise out of the box, it can be helpful to integrate cancelation more deeply when using libraries like Axios. The function you provide will be called whenever usePromise determines cancelation is needed (such as during unmount, changing the promise before the first one has completed, etc.)

Example (Axios)

You need a way to reference the cancel function from Axios's CancelToken. One common way to approach this is to add a .cancel method to the promise returned by Axios:

import Axios, { CancelToken } from "axios";

const getUsers = () => {
    const source = CancelToken.source();
    const promise = axios.get("/users", { cancelToken: source.token }).then(res =>;
    promise.cancel = () => source.cancel();
    return promise;

You can then call it in the cancel option for usePromise:

usePromise(getUsers, {
    cancel: promise => promise.cancel();

If you wrap all of your Axios promises this way and often use usePromise throughout your app, it can be helpful to preconfigure this option:

import { usePromise } from "react-smart-promise";

export const useAxiosPromise = (fn, options) => usePromise(fn, { 
    cancel: axiosPromise => axiosPromise.cancel(), 

More Examples

Waiting to Fetch Data

Sometimes you don't want to trigger the promise right away, but instead want to wait until some action has occurred. You can pass null to usePromise and it will remain in the "INITIAL" state:

const submitData = () =>"/register", { id: 1 });

function App() {
    const [submitted, setSubmitted] = React.useState(false);
    const [err, result, status] = usePromise(submitted ? submitData : null);

    return <button onClick={() => setSubmitted(true)} disabled={STATUS === "PENDING"}>Submit</button>;

Providing Arguments

Sometimes you may want to pass arguments to the function provided to usePromise. You should wrap the function call with a React.useCallback so that it only re-fetches when the arguments change.

const getUser = (id) => axios.get("/users", {id});

function SelectUser() {
    const [userId, setUserId] = React.useState("1");
    const [err, user] = usePromise(React.useCallback(() => getUser(userId), [userId]))
    return (
            <UserSelector id={userId} onChange={setUserId} />
            <UserProfile user={user} />;

Handling Side Effects

If you need to handle side effects after the state of the promise changes, you can use React.useEffect.

const submitForm = (formState) =>"/submit", formState);

function FormContainer() {
    const [submitted, setSubmitted] = React.useState(false);
    const [formState, setFormState] = React.useState({});
    const [formErrors, successful, status] = usePromise(submitted ? React.useCallback(() => submitForm(formState), [formState]) : null);
    React.useEffect(() => {
        if (successful) {
            window.location = "/";
    }, [successful]);
    return <Form value={formState} onChange={setFormState} onSubmit={() => setSubmitted(true)} errors={formErrors} />