Extend native Error to create custom errors

custom Error, extend, Error
npm install ts-custom-error@3.2.0


Typescript Custom Error

NPM version Pet project License: MIT Build Status BCH compliance Maintainability Test Coverage Commitizen friendly Install size Bundle size

Extend native Error to create custom errors

ts-custom-error is a tiny (~500 bytes of minified & gzipped Javascript) package providing a CustomError class and a customErrorFactory function to easily extends native Error in node and evergreen browsers.

It's written in Typescript and try to offer the best development and debug experiences: bundled in Javascript with Typescript definition files, map files and bundled js files for various environments: transpiled to es5 with commonjs, module and umd exports, the umd bundle is also available minified for easy import in browsers.


Because extending native Error in node and in browsers is tricky

class MyError extends Error {
	constructor(m) {

doesn't work as expected in ES6 and is broken in Typescript.

Use CustomError class

Simply extends and call super in you custom constructor.

import { CustomError } from 'ts-custom-error'

class HttpError extends CustomError {
	public constructor(
		public code: number,
		message?: string,
	) {


new HttpError(404, 'Not found')

You may want more advanced contructor logic and cutom methods, see examples

Use customErrorFactory factory

Custom error contructor returned by the factory pass the same unit tests as Class constructor.

Factory still allows custom logic inside constructor:

import { customErrorFactory } from 'ts-custom-error'

const HttpError = customErrorFactory(function HttpError (code: number, message= '') {
	this.code = code
	this.message = message


new HttpError(404, 'Not found')

Custom Error from customErrorFactory can:

  • Be called as a simple function
HttpError(404, 'Not found')
  • Extend any native Error, using the second optional argument
import { customErrorFactory } from 'ts-custom-error'

const ValidationError = customErrorFactory(function ValidationError (message= 'Invalid parameter') {
	this.message = message
}, TypeError)

Known limitations

Minification and transpilation mangle custom Error names.

Unexpected results are:

  • Minified identifiers in place of custom Error name in Stacktrace
  • Wrong error recognition where using errors name (bad practice) instead of instanceof

You may fix this behaviour by:

  • Using uglifyjs options --mangle 'except=["MyError"]' (need to specify all custom error names) or --keep_fnames / --keep_classnames (nothing to specify but your bundle size will be larger)
  • Setting explicitly error name:
import { CustomError } from 'ts-custom-error'

class MyError extends CustomError {
	constructor() {
		// Set name explicitly as minification can mangle class names
		Object.defineProperty(this, 'name', { value: 'MyError' })
import { customErrorFactory } from 'ts-custom-error'

const MyError = customErrorFactory(function MyError () {
	// Set name explicitly as minification can remove function expression names
	Object.defineProperty(this, 'name', { value: 'MyError' })

Usefull development commands

  • Watch source changes and run corresponding unit tests
npm start
  • Run all unit tests
npm test
  • Get coverage report
npm run coverage
  • Format staged code and run commitizen (enforce commit message convention)
npm run commit

Automate all the things

⚠️ This project is mainly a pet project and its first purpose is to be a playground for various external services and tools:


Starting version 3.0.0 this project is under MIT licence, there are no code change between version 2.2.2 and version 3.0.0 but changing licence was considered as a breaking change. All versions < 3.0.0 are under WTFPL.

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