Funcky.Xunit

Package to use Funcky with xUnit


Keywords
Functional, Monad, xUnit, csharp, hacktoberfest
Licenses
MIT/Apache-2.0
Install
Install-Package Funcky.Xunit -Version 0.1.3

Documentation

Funcky

Funcky is a functional library for C# which encourages correct usage of the functional programming paradigm.

Build Licence: MIT Licence: Apache

Packages

Funcky

NuGet package

Funcky.XUnit

NuGet package

Funcky.EntityFrameworkCore

NuGet package git: polyadic/funcky-efcore

Provides interoperability between Funcky and EF Core

Motivation

Functional programming is the oldest of the three major programming paradigms, none the less it is the last which gets wide spread usage. Even in languages like C++, Java or C# we want to use a functional style of programming.

Linq is the first Monad which got wide spread use in C#, and most C# programmers were not even aware of it beeing a monad, which probably helped.

Mark Seemann points out that "Unfortunately, Maybe implementations often come with an API that enables you to ask a Maybe object if it's populated or empty, and a way to extract the value from the Maybe container. This misleads many programmers [...]"

https://blog.ploeh.dk/2019/02/04/how-to-get-the-value-out-of-the-monad/

This library is based on his example code, and should grow slowly to a library which helps to use and understand the Functional programming paradigm. Functional programming is side-effect free and the strong type system can be used to make illegal state impossible.

Use functional programming as an additional asset to write correct code.

Documentation

Documentation: in progress

Other libraries

There are several libraries available which try to give you more functional features in C#. So

  • Funcky wants to be functional C#.
  • Funcky tries to use the C# monadic interfaces as an advantage
  • We do not provide our own record type. Use the new record types in C# 9 or a weaver like Equals.Fody.

LanguageExt

This library is probably the most complete attempt to functional programming in C#, however it is very opinionated and admits to be not very idiomatic in C#. It certainly is more mature than Funcky and has a lot of features. If you want to go fully functional and for some reason cannot use F# this might be the way to go.

Eff

Eff is inspired by the Eff programming language and the implementation of Algebraic Effects. It's only purpose is the handling of side effects and using the await syntax in a very elegant way.

We think the approach is very nice but cumbersome in usage, however we really love the appraoch with the await syntax. The library is very specialised an can be used in combination with any other functional style library.

MoreLinq

MoreLinq provides more extension functions on IEnumerable, but has no additional functional concepts. We also provide additional extension functions on IEnumerable, but we also try to make them work in combination with our Monads and the async Monad. The different Monad-Syntaxes in C# (Linq, async) do not play niceley together.

Galaxus.Functional

This is a very simple Functional Library with similar ideas in spirit but not as mature.

And more…

Features

See our documentation (still in progress)

Contributing

Contributions are more than welcome. Just open a PR :) If you want something easy to work on, there are a few issues marked with good first issue.

Documentation

To build the documentation you need mdBook installed. When working on the documentation it's useful to have mdbook watching and automatically rebuilding on changes:

mdbook serve Documentation

Dependency Policy

The core Funcky package is not allowed to have dependencies. Backwards compatibility packages from Microsoft that are included in newer framework versions (e.g. Microsoft.Bcl.AsyncInterfaces, System.Collections.Immutable) are exempt from this rule.

Interoperability with other libraries should be provided in separate packages (e.g. Funcky.Xunit, Funcky.NewtonsoftJson)