Arduino library for DHT temperature and humidity sensor, with automatic sensortype recognition.


Keywords
dht11, dht22, dht33, dht44, am2301, am2302, am2303, autodetect, offset, interrupt, powerdown
License
MIT
Install
platformio lib install 5548

Documentation

Arduino CI License: MIT GitHub release

DHTNew

Arduino library for DHT11 and DHT22 with automatic sensortype recognition.

Description

DHTNEW is stable for both ARM and AVR. It is based upon the well tested DHTlib code.

History

DHTNEW has some new features compared to the DHTlib code.

  1. The constructor has a pin number, so the one sensor - one object paradigm is chosen. So you can now make a DHTNEW object bathroom(4), kitchen(3), etc.
  2. The read() function now reads both DHT11 and DHT22 sensors and selects the right math per sensor based upon the bit patterns.
  3. An offset can be set for both temperature and humidity to have a first-order linear calibration in the class itself. Of course, this introduces a possible risk of under- or overflow. For a more elaborated or non-linear offset, I refer to my multimap class.
  4. lastRead() keeps track of the last time the sensor is read. If this is not too long ago one can decide not to read the sensors but use the current values for temperature and humidity. This saves up to 20+ milliseconds for a DHT11 or 5+ millis for a DHT22. Note that these sensors should have 1-2 seconds between reads according to specification. In the future, this functionality could be inside the library by setting a time threshold (e.g. 1 second by default) to give more stable results.
  5. Added interrupt enable/disable flag to prevent interrupts disturb timing of DHT protocol. Be aware that this may affect other parts of your application.
  6. (0.1.7) added an automatic check of lastRead in the read call. If request a read to fast it will just return OK.
  7. (0.1.7) added waitForReading flag (kudos to Mr-HaleYa) to let the sensor explicitly wait until a new value can be read.
  8. (0.2.0) Temperature and humidity are private now, use getTemperature() and getHumidity()
  9. (0.2.1) Adjusted the bit timing threshold to work around issue #11
  10. (0.2.2) added ERROR_SENSOR_NOT_READY and differentiated timeout errors.
  11. (0.3.0) removed interrupt flag, now the library always disables interrupts during the clocking of the bits. Added getReadDelay & setReadDelay to tune reading interval. Check the example code. Adjusted the timing in the wake-up part of the protocol. Added more comments to describe the protocol.
  12. (0.3.1) added powerDown() and powerUp() for low power applications. Note that after powerUp() the user must wait for two seconds before doing a read(). Just like after a (re)boot.
    Note: The lib does not (yet) control the power pin of the sensor. Discussion see https://github.com/RobTillaart/DHTNew/issues/13
  13. (0.3.2) Added setSuppressError() and getSuppressError() so the library will not output -999 but the last known valid value for temperature and humidity. This flag is usefull to suppress 'negative spikes' in graphs or logs. Default the error values are not suppressed to be backwards compaible.
    Added #ifndef around DHTLIB_INVALID_VALUE so the default -999 can be overruled compile time to set another error value e.g. -127 or -1 whatever suits the project.
  14. (0.3.3) Refactored the low level readSensor() as the BIT SHIFT ERROR issue #29 and issue #11 popped up again. It was reproduced "efficiently" with an ESP32 and by using long wires. Fixed with an explicit digitalWrite(datapin, HIGH) + delayMicroseconds() to have enough time between pulling the line HIGH and poiling for the line LOW.
  15. (0.3.4) Added waitFor(state, timeout) to more precisely follow the datasheet in terms of timing. Reintroduced the interrupt enable/disable flag as forced noInterrupts() could break the timing of the DHT protocol / micros() - seen on AVR.
  16. (0.4.0) Added DHTLIB_WAITING_FOR_READ as return value of read => minor break of interface
  17. (0.4.1) Added Arduino-CI support + gettype() now tries to determine type if not known.
  18. (0.4.2) Fix negative temperatures. Tested with DHTNew_debug.ino and hexdump in .cpp and a freezer.
    Note: testing in a freezer is not so good for humidity readings.
  19. (0.4.3) Added reset() to reset internal variables when a sensor blocks this might help. Added lastRead() to return time the sensor is last read. (in millis).

DHT PIN layout from left to right

FRONT DESCRIPTION
pin 1 VCC
pin 2 DATA
pin 3 Not Connected
pin 4 GND

Specification DHT22

Model DHT22 Notes
Power supply 3.3 - 6 V DC
Output signal digital signal via single-bus
Sensing element Polymer capacitor
Operating range humidity 0-100% RH temperature -40~80° Celsius
Accuracy humidity ±2% RH(Max ±5% RH) temperature < ±0.5° Celsius
Resolution or sensitivity humidity 0.1% RH temperature 0.1° Celsius
Repeatability humidity ±1% RH temperature ±0.2° Celsius
Humidity hysteresis ±0.3% RH
Long-term Stability ±0.5% RH/year
Sensing period Average: 2s
Interchangeability fully interchangeable
Dimensions small 14 x 18 x 5.5 mm big 22 x 28 x 5 mm

Interface

Constructor

  • DHTNEW(uint8_t pin) defines the datapin of the sensor.
  • reset() might help to reset a sensor behaving badly.
  • getType() 0 = unknown, 11 or 22. In case of 0, getType() will try to determine type.
  • setType(uint8_t type = 0) allows to force the type of the sensor.

Base interface

  • read() reads a new temperature and humidity from the sensor
  • lastRead() returns milliseconds since last read()
  • getHumidity() returns last read value (float) or -999 in case of error. Note this error value can be suppressed by setSuppressError(bool).
  • getTemperature() returns last read value (float) or -999 in case of error. Note this error value can be suppressed by setSuppressError(bool).

Offset

Adding offsets works well in normal range however they might introduce under- or overflow at the ends of the sensor range.

  • setHumOffset(float offset) typical < ±5% RH.
  • setTempOffset(float offset) typical < ±2°C.
  • getHumOffset() idem.
  • getTempOffset() idem.

Control

Functions to adjust the communication with the sensor.

  • setDisableIRQ(bool b ) allows or suppresses interrupts during core read function to keep timing as correct as possible. Note AVR only
  • getDisableIRQ() returns the above setting. Default false
  • setWaitForReading(bool b ) flag to enforce a blocking wait.
  • getWaitForReading() returns the above setting.
  • setReadDelay(uint16_t rd = 0) To tune the time it waits before actual read. This reduces the blocking time. Default depends on type. 1000 ms (dht11) or 2000 ms (dht22). set readDelay to 0 will reset to datasheet values AFTER a call to read().
  • getReadDelay() returns the above setting.
  • powerDown() pulls datapin down to reduce power consumption
  • powerUp() restarts the sensor, note one must wait up to two seconds.
  • setSuppressError(bool b) suppress error values of -999 => check return value of read() instead.
  • getSuppressError() returns the above setting.

Operation

See examples

If consistent problems occur with reading a sensor, one should allow interrupts DHT.setDisableIRQ(true)

ESP8266 & DHT22