Big Phoney is a python module that generates phonetic pronunciations from english words. For example, given the word "dinosaur", Big Phoney will return "D AY1 N AH0 S AO2 R". This is sometimes called "Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion" or G2P. Big Phoney works for any word, even those that don't appear in the dictionary and it's designed to handle special cases like currency and abbreviations.
Phonetic pronunciations are represented using the ARPAbet phoneme set.
Big Phoney can also count the number of syllables in any english word.
How it Works
When possible, pronunciations come from a dictionary which contains 134,000 words. Slang, proper-nouns, and made-up words that don't appear in the standard dictionary are predicted using a model. You can read more about the pronunciation prediction model on Kaggle.
Additionally, Big Phoney has a number of configurable preprocessors to handle cases where proper pronunciation requires special knowledge. For example "$5.00" is pronounced "F AY1 V D AA1 L ER0 Z". Currently, Big Phoney can handle: numbers, currency, times, symbols, abbreviations, email addresses, and urls.
For any of the 134,000 words found in the dictionary, you can expect 100% accurate pronunciations and syllable counts. For words not found in the dictionary, you can expect syllable counts to be accurate 98.1% of the time and pronunciations to be perfectly accurate 75.4% of the time. Even when a predicted pronunciation isn't completely correct, it's often very close.
Install with PyPI:
pip3 install big-phoney
Install from source:
git clone https://github.com/repp/big-phoney.git cd big_phoney python setup.py install
Note: BigPhoney only works with python3 right now.
First, import Big Phoney:
from big_phoney import BigPhoney
Next, create an instance of the main class:
phoney = BigPhoney()
This will load the phonetic dictionary and prediction model into memory. It may take a second. It's in your best interest to not create multiple instances of this class.
phonize to generate phonetic spellings from words.
phoney.phonize('pterodactyl') # --> 'T EH2 R OW0 D AE1 K T AH0 L' # Works with multiple words. Individual pronunciations are seperate by 2 spaces: phoney.phonize('tyrannosaurus rex') # --> 'T IH0 R AE0 N AH0 S AO1 R AH0 S R EH1 K S'
count_syllables to get the number of syllables in a word or phrase.
phoney.count_syllables('bird') # --> 1 phoney.count_syllables('triceratops') # --> 4 # Given multiple words, Big Phoney returns the total number of syllables: phoney.count_syllables('welcome to jurassic park') # --> 7 # If you want a list of syllable counts, try something like: [phoney.count_syllables(word) for word in 'welcome to jurassic park'.split()] # --> [2,1,3,1]
Big Phoney has a number of default preprocessors designed to improve pronunciation results in special cases.
DEFAULT_PREPROCESSORS = [ExpandCurrencySymbols, FormatEmailAndURLs, ReplaceTimes, SpacePadSymbols, SpacePadNumbers, ReplaceAbbreviations, ReplaceNumbers]
By default all of the above preprocessors are applied. You can add and remove them when creating a Big Phoney instance
preprocessors keyword argument:
phoney = BigPhoney(preprocessors=[ReplaceNumbers]) # Only preprocess numbers
To skip preprocessing entirely, just pass an empty list:
phoney = BigPhoney(preprocessors=) # No preprocessing
Be careful when adjusting the default preprocessors. Their order is important as some rely on other 'upstream' processors to be most effective.
To test a preprocessor setup, use the
phoney = BigPhoney() # Use default preprocessors phoney.apply_preprocessors('£7.89') # --> 'seven pounds and eighty-nine pence' phoney.apply_preprocessors('Mt St. Helens') # --> 'mount saint helens' phoney.apply_preprocessors('firstname.lastname@example.org') # --> 'no underscore reply at gmail dot com' phoney.apply_preprocessors('1ft + 2ft = 3ft') # --> 'one foot plus two feet equals three feet' phoney.apply_preprocessors("It'll be 7:00am in 1,245.6 seconds") # --> 'it'll be seven o'clock a m in one-thousand, two hundred and forty-five point six seconds'
Writing your own preprocessors is easy. Any class with a
process method that inputs and outputs a single string is valid. For example:
class DummyPreprocessor: def process(self, input_string): # do some preprocessing here! return input_string
As mentioned, Big Phoney uses a dictionary and a model to generate pronunciations, if you only want to use one or the other, you can create instances of each individually:
from big_phoney import PhoneticDictionary phonetic_dict = PhoneticDictionary() phonetic_dict.lookup('paleontologist') # --> 'P EY2 L IY0 AH0 N T AA1 L AH0 JH IH0 S T' ✅ phonetic_dict.lookup('fakeosaur') # --> None ❌
from big_phoney import PredictionModel pred_model = PredictionModel() pred_model.predict('paleontologist') # --> 'P EY2 L IY0 AH0 N T AA1 L AH0 JH IH0 S T' ✅ phonetic_dict.lookup('fakeosaur') # --> 'F EY1 K OW0 S AO2 R' ✅
The dictionary is faster and always correct but won't always return a result. The model is slower and less reliably accurate
but it will always return something no matter what you throw at it. In most cases, you should just stick with
If you want to contribute to this project that's great! Make sure to check out dev/README.md for more info.
The dictionary and data used to train the phonetic prediction model came from the CMU Pronunciation Dictionary.