Functions to preprocess and normalize text.

natural-language-processing, text-cleaning, text-preprocessing, text-normalization, user-generated-content, nlp, python, python-package, scraping
pip install clean-text==0.4.0


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User-generated content on the Web and in social media is often dirty. Preprocess your scraped data with clean-text to create a normalized text representation. For instance, turn this corrupted input:

A bunch of \\u2018new\\u2019 references, including [Moana](

»Yóù àré     rïght <3!«

into this clean output:

A bunch of 'new' references, including [moana](<URL>).

"you are right <3!"

clean-text uses ftfy, unidecode and numerous hand-crafted rules, i.e., RegEx.


To install the GPL-licensed package unidecode alongside:

pip install clean-text[gpl]

You may want to abstain from GPL:

pip install clean-text

NB: This package is named clean-text and not cleantext.

If unidecode is not available, clean-text will resort to Python's unicodedata.normalize for transliteration. Transliteration to closest ASCII symbols involes manually mappings, i.e., ê to e. unidecode's mapping is superiour but unicodedata's are sufficent. However, you may want to disable this feature altogether depending on your data and use case.

To make it clear: There are inconsistencies between processing text with or without unidecode.


from cleantext import clean

clean("some input",
    fix_unicode=True,               # fix various unicode errors
    to_ascii=True,                  # transliterate to closest ASCII representation
    lower=True,                     # lowercase text
    no_line_breaks=False,           # fully strip line breaks as opposed to only normalizing them
    no_urls=False,                  # replace all URLs with a special token
    no_emails=False,                # replace all email addresses with a special token
    no_phone_numbers=False,         # replace all phone numbers with a special token
    no_numbers=False,               # replace all numbers with a special token
    no_digits=False,                # replace all digits with a special token
    no_currency_symbols=False,      # replace all currency symbols with a special token
    no_punct=False,                 # remove punctuations
    replace_with_punct="",          # instead of removing punctuations you may replace them
    lang="en"                       # set to 'de' for German special handling

Carefully choose the arguments that fit your task. The default parameters are listed above.

You may also only use specific functions for cleaning. For this, take a look at the source code.

So far, only English and German are fully supported. It should work for the majority of western languages. If you need some special handling for your language, feel free to contribute. 🙃


Install and use poetry.


If you have a question, found a bug or want to propose a new feature, have a look at the issues page.

Pull requests are especially welcomed when they fix bugs or improve the code quality.

If you don't like the output of clean-text, consider adding a test with your specific input and desired output.

Related Work


Built upon the work by Burton DeWilde for Textacy.




This work was created as part of a project that was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.