Simple module to load and use configuration in a clean, 'pythonic' way.


Keywords
configuration, python
License
Apache-2.0
Install
pip install confidence==0.6.3

Documentation

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confidence.py 👍

Confidence makes it easy to load one or multiple sources of configuration values and exposes them as a simple to use Python object. Given the following YAML file:

foo:
  bar: 42

foo.baz: '21 is only half the answer'

foobar: the answer is ${foo.bar}…

Use it with confidence:

# load configuration from a YAML file
configuration = confidence.loadf('path/to/configuration.yaml')

# a Configuration object is like a dict, but better
value = configuration.get('foo.bar')
value = configuration.get('foo.bar', default=42)
# or even kwargs, should you want to
# (passing bar=42 and foo='21 is only half the answer')
function(**configuration.foo)

# namespaces are one honking great idea -- let's do more of those!
value = configuration.foo.bar
# they're even safe when values might be missing
value = configuration.foo.whoopsie
if value is NotConfigured:
    value = 42
# or, similar
value = configuration.foo.whoopsie or 42

# even references to other configured values will work
value = configuration.foobar  # 'the answer is 42…'

Often, combining multiple sources of configuration can be useful when defining defaults or reading from multiple files:

configuration = confidence.loadf('/etc/system-wide-defaults.yaml',
                                 './local-overrides.yaml')

# confidence provides a convenient way of using this kind of precedence,
# letting 'more local' files take precedence over system-wide sources
# load_name will attempt to load multiple files, skipping ones that
# don't exist (using typical *nix paths, XDG-specified locations, some
# Windows environment variables and typical OSX paths):
# - /etc/xdg/app.yaml
# - /etc/app.yaml
# - /Library/Preferences/app.yaml
# - C:/ProgramData/app.yaml
# - ~/.config/app.yaml
# - ~/Library/Preferences/app.yaml
# - ~/AppData/Roaming/app.yaml
# - ~/.app.yaml
# - ./app.yaml

configuration = confidence.load_name('app')

# if set, load_name will take a look at environment variables like
# APP_FOO_BAR and APP_FOO_BAZ, mixing those in as foo.bar and foo.baz

# the default load order can be overridden if necessary:

configuration = confidence.load_name('app', load_order=confidence.loaders(
    # loading system after user makes system locations take precedence
    confidence.Locality.user, confidence.Locality.system
))

While powerful, no set of convenience functions will ever satisfy everyone's use case. To be able to serve as wide an audience as possible, confidence doesn't hide away its flexible internal API.

# let's say application defaults are available as a dict in source
app_defaults = {'foo': {'bar': 42},
                'foo.baz': '21 is only half the answer'}

# and we've already created a way to read a dict from somewhere
def read_from_source(name):
    ...
    return read_values

# all of this can be combined to turn it into a single glorious Configuration instance
# precedence rules apply here, values from read_from_source will overwrite both
# app_defaults and values read from file
configuration = confidence.Configuration(app_defaults,
                                         # yeah, this would be a Configuration instance
                                         # remember it's just like a dict?
                                         confidence.loadf('path/to/app.yaml'),
                                         read_from_source('app'))
# make it so, no. 1
run_app(configuration)