DGL-based package for Life Science

pytorch, dgl, graph-neural-networks, life-science, drug-discovery, deep-learning
pip install dgllife==0.2.8


Deep Graph Library (DGL)

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Documentation | DGL at a glance | Model Tutorials | Discussion Forum

Model Zoos: Chemistry | Citation Networks

DGL is a Python package that interfaces between existing tensor libraries and data being expressed as graphs.

It makes implementing graph neural networks (including Graph Convolution Networks, TreeLSTM, and many others) easy while maintaining high computation efficiency.

All model examples can be found here.

A summary of part of the model accuracy and training speed with the Pytorch backend (on Amazon EC2 p3.2x instance (w/ V100 GPU)), as compared with the best open-source implementations:

Model Reported
Author's training speed (epoch time) DGL speed (epoch time) Improvement
GCN 81.5% 81.0% 0.0051s (TF) 0.0031s 1.64x
GAT 83.0% 83.9% 0.0982s (TF) 0.0113s 8.69x
SGC 81.0% 81.9% n/a 0.0008s n/a
TreeLSTM 51.0% 51.72% 14.02s (DyNet) 3.18s 4.3x
73.23% 73.53% 0.2853s (Theano) 0.0075s 38.2x
(link prediction)
0.158 0.151 2.204s (TF) 0.453s 4.86x
JTNN 96.44% 96.44% 1826s (Pytorch) 743s 2.5x
LGNN 94% 94% n/a 1.45s n/a
DGMG 84% 90% n/a 238s n/a
GraphWriter 14.3(BLEU) 14.31(BLEU) 1970s (PyTorch) 1192s 1.65x

With the MXNet/Gluon backend , we scaled a graph of 50M nodes and 150M edges on a P3.8xlarge instance, with 160s per epoch, on SSE (Stochastic Steady-state Embedding), a model similar to GCN.

We are currently in Beta stage. More features and improvements are coming.


v0.4 has just been released! DGL now support heterogeneous graphs, and comes with a subpackage DGL-KE that computes embeddings for large knowledge graphs such as Freebase (1.9 billion triplets). See release note here.

We presented DGL at GTC 2019 as an instructor-led training session. Check out our slides and tutorial materials here!!!

System requirements

DGL should work on

  • all Linux distributions no earlier than Ubuntu 16.04
  • macOS X
  • Windows 10

DGL also requires Python 3.5 or later. Python 2 support is coming.

Right now, DGL works on PyTorch 0.4.1+ and MXNet nightly build.


Using anaconda

conda install -c dglteam dgl           # cpu version
conda install -c dglteam dgl-cuda9.0   # CUDA 9.0
conda install -c dglteam dgl-cuda9.2   # CUDA 9.2
conda install -c dglteam dgl-cuda10.0  # CUDA 10.0
conda install -c dglteam dgl-cuda10.1  # CUDA 10.1

Using pip

Latest Nightly Build Version Stable Version
CPU pip install --pre dgl pip install dgl
CUDA 9.0 pip install --pre dgl-cu90 pip install dgl-cu90
CUDA 9.2 pip install --pre dgl-cu92 pip install dgl-cu92
CUDA 10.0 pip install --pre dgl-cu100 pip install dgl-cu100
CUDA 10.1 pip install --pre dgl-cu101 pip install dgl-cu101

From source

Refer to the guide here.

How DGL looks like

A graph can be constructed with feature tensors like this:

import dgl
import torch as th

g = dgl.DGLGraph()
g.add_nodes(5)                          # add 5 nodes
g.add_edges([0, 0, 0, 0], [1, 2, 3, 4]) # add 4 edges 0->1, 0->2, 0->3, 0->4
g.ndata['h'] = th.randn(5, 3)           # assign one 3D vector to each node
g.edata['h'] = th.randn(4, 4)           # assign one 4D vector to each edge

This is everything to implement a single layer for Graph Convolutional Network on PyTorch:

import dgl.function as fn
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F
from dgl import DGLGraph

msg_func = fn.copy_src(src='h', out='m')
reduce_func = fn.sum(msg='m', out='h')

class GCNLayer(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_feats, out_feats):
        super(GCNLayer, self).__init__()
        self.linear = nn.Linear(in_feats, out_feats)

    def apply(self, nodes):
        return {'h': F.relu(self.linear(nodes.data['h']))}

    def forward(self, g, feature):
        g.ndata['h'] = feature
        g.update_all(msg_func, reduce_func)
        return g.ndata.pop('h')

One can also customize how message and reduce function works. The following code demonstrates a (simplified version of) Graph Attention Network (GAT) layer:

def msg_func(edges):
    return {'k': edges.src['k'], 'v': edges.src['v']}

def reduce_func(nodes):
    # nodes.data['q'] has the shape
    #     (number_of_nodes, feature_dims)
    # nodes.data['k'] and nodes.data['v'] have the shape
    #     (number_of_nodes, number_of_incoming_messages, feature_dims)
    # You only need to deal with the case where all nodes have the same number
    # of incoming messages.
    q = nodes.data['q'][:, None]
    k = nodes.mailbox['k']
    v = nodes.mailbox['v']
    s = F.softmax((q * k).sum(-1), 1)[:, :, None]
    return {'v': th.sum(s * v, 1)}

class GATLayer(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_feats, out_feats):
        super(GATLayer, self).__init__()
        self.Q = nn.Linear(in_feats, out_feats)
        self.K = nn.Linear(in_feats, out_feats)
        self.V = nn.Linear(in_feats, out_feats)

    def apply(self, nodes):
        return {'v': F.relu(self.linear(nodes.data['v']))}

    def forward(self, g, feature):
        g.ndata['v'] = self.V(feature)
        g.ndata['q'] = self.Q(feature)
        g.ndata['k'] = self.K(feature)
        g.update_all(msg_func, reduce_func)
        return g.ndata['v']

For the basics of coding with DGL, please see DGL basics.

For more realistic, end-to-end examples, please see model tutorials.

New to Deep Learning?

Check out the open source book Dive into Deep Learning.


Please let us know if you encounter a bug or have any suggestions by filing an issue.

We welcome all contributions from bug fixes to new features and extensions. We expect all contributions discussed in the issue tracker and going through PRs. Please refer to our contribution guide.


If you use DGL in a scientific publication, we would appreciate citations to the following paper:

    title={Deep Graph Library: Towards Efficient and Scalable Deep Learning on Graphs},
    author={Wang, Minjie and Yu, Lingfan and Zheng, Da and Gan, Quan and Gai, Yu and Ye, Zihao and Li, Mufei and Zhou, Jinjing and Huang, Qi and Ma, Chao and Huang, Ziyue and Guo, Qipeng and Zhang, Hao and Lin, Haibin and Zhao, Junbo and Li, Jinyang and Smola, Alexander J and Zhang, Zheng},
    journal={ICLR Workshop on Representation Learning on Graphs and Manifolds},

The Team

DGL is developed and maintained by NYU, NYU Shanghai, AWS Shanghai AI Lab, and AWS MXNet Science Team.


DGL uses Apache License 2.0.