Unified, persistent and dynamic user messages/notifications for Django

messages, django, persistent, sse
pip install django-monitio==0.3.1



Use this module for nginx instead: .

From my (pretty practical) perspective, anything involving Django and realtime messages over whatever protocol involves another web server, either gunicorn+gevent (like this approach), or anything Tornado/Twisted/nodejs based, with all the hard parts. Either another HTTP port (admins block that), or a need to proxy it through your webserver of choice (and I was NOT able to make nginx not buffer my SSE stuff).

So, if you already need to use a second webserver, why not use the first one instead, just with some patches.

Afraid to type ./configure --...? Don't worry, I've got you covered.

The rest is history.

Build Status Build Status

BIG CHANGE, version 0.4

With the transaction framework changed in Django 1.6 and having in mind, that transaction signals are not really a good idea, at this moment you send the notifies MANUALLY.

API functions return a Message object and if you want to notify about it, use notify.via_sse

In the future, this package could become a thin layer of just the notification code, as the persistent-message applications seem to be popular, perhaps it would be better to find a well-supported persistent-message application AND have this package as separate, thin layer of glue-code between that persistent messaging library and SSE messaging delivery.

Monitio for Django

Monitio allows you to have messages (aka notifications), that:

  • can be persisted (stored in the database and read later),
  • which dynamically show on the web UI when added,
  • and can be optionally sent via e-mail to your end-user.

Monitio is built upon:

With such sophisticated setup, using packages from many individuals, the demo application is currently properly running on MSIE 10, Opera 12, FFox 16 and Safari 5.1.7 on Windows. Also, monitio has been tested in production environment with nginx + gunicorn, which also has been found to work properly.


A Django app for unified, persistent and live user messages/notifications, built on top of Django's messages framework (django.contrib.messages).

Monitio is a messages storage backend that provides support for messages that are supposed to be persistent, that is, they outlast a browser session and will be stored in the database. These messages can be displayed as you will to the user, you can let the user mark them as read, remove them or even reply them. For some of these actions there are views you can import in your project

  • Support persistent and nonpersistent messages for authenticated users. Persistent messages are stored in the database.
  • For anonymous users, messages are stored using the cookie/session-based approach. There is no support for persistent messages for anonymous users.
  • There is a unified API for displaying messages to both types of users, that is, you can use the same code you'd be using with Django's messaging framework in order to add and display messages, but there is additional functionality available if the user is authenticated.


This document assumes that you are familiar with Python and Django.

  1. Clone this git repository (no PyPI package for this fork). master branch is the lastest stable branch:

     $ git clone git://
  2. Make sure monitio is in your PYTHONPATH.

  3. Add monitio & company to your INSTALLED_APPS setting.

  4. Make sure Django's MessageMiddleware is in your MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES setting (which is the case by default), also enable CorsMiddleware there. Add LocaleMiddleware if you want to use translations:

  5. Add the CONTEXT_PROCESSOR for messages and static URL:

  6. Add the monitio URLs to your URL conf. For instance, in order to make messages available under, add the following line to

     urlpatterns = patterns('',
         (r'^messages/', include('monitio.urls', namespace='monitio')),
  7. In your settings, set the message storage backend to

  8. In your settings, add a reasonable default, which will prevent from showing read messages to the users:

  9. Setup django-sse and corsheaders:

         'location': '',
         'db': 0,
  10. Set up the database tables using

    $ syncdb
  11. If you want to use the bundled templates, add the templates directory to your TEMPLATE_DIRS setting:

  12. Setup a server - for nginx + gunicorn, please use configuration below:

    location ~ ^/messages/sse/(?<user>)$ {
        proxy_pass http://your-gunicorn-address.../messages/sse/$user$is_args$args;
    	proxy_buffering off;
    	proxy_cache off;
    	proxy_set_header Host $host;
    	proxy_set_header Connection '';
    	proxy_http_version 1.1;
    	chunked_transfer_encoding off;

And, for gunicorn, make sure you install gevent and run gunicorn with parameter -k gevent. I strongly suggest you run the gevent-enabled server only for serving SSE messages and keep another gunicorn server for everything else - for some (I suppose, rare) cases, gevent can be problematic if you access network from your website code. For example, my use case was using XMPP, which did not work with gevent (both xmpppy and SleekXMPP modules did not).

Using messages in views and templates

Message levels

Django's messages framework provides a number of message levels for various purposes such as success messages, warnings etc.

import monitio
# persistent message levels:

This app provides constants with the same names, the difference being that messages with these levels are going to be persistent:

from django.contrib import messages
# temporary message levels:

Note: Let's stress the importance of this. If you use monitio constants the message will be stored in the database and kept there till somebody explicitly deletes it. If you use contrib.messages constants, you get the same behavior as if you were using a non persistent storage, messages are stored in the database ensuring reception but they are removed right after being accessed. ;

Adding a message

Since the app is implemented as a storage backend for Django's messages framework, you can still use the regular Django API to add a message:

from django.contrib import messages
messages.add_message(request, messages.INFO, 'Hello world.')

This is compatible and equivalent to using the API provided by monitio:

import monitio
from django.contrib import messages
monitio.add_message(request, messages.INFO, 'Hello world.')

In order to add a persistent message (one that is stored permanently in the Database), use monitio levels listed above:

messages.add_message(request, monitio.WARNING, 'This message is stored in monitio table till removed.')

or the equivalent:

monitio.add_message(request, monitio.WARNING, 'This message is stored in monitio table till removed')

Note that this is only possible for logged-in users, so you are probably going to have make sure that the current user is not anonymous using request.user.is_authenticated(). Adding a persistent message for anonymous users raises a NotImplementedError.

Extended API

Persistent Messages has an extended API that will let you do some extra nice things. This is the prototype of add_message in contrib messages:

def add_message(request, level, message, extra_tags='', fail_silently=False):

This is the prototype of add_message in Persistent Messages.

def add_message(request, level, message, extra_tags='', fail_silently=False, subject='', user=None, email=False, from_user=None, expires=None, close_timeout=None):

Subject and email notifications

Using monitio.add_message, you can also add a subject line to the message. You can also set if you want an email notification to be sent. The following message will be stored as a message in the database and also sent to the email address associated with the current user:

monitio.add_message(request, monitio.INFO, 'Message body', subject='Please read me', email=True)

Note! Email notifications at the moment are too simple, I don't recommend using them, I'm not.

Send messages to different users

You can also pass this function a User object if the message is supposed to be sent to a user other than the one who is currently authenticated. User Sally will see this message the next time she logs in:

from django.contrib.auth.models import User
sally = User.objects.get(username='Sally')
monitio.add_message(request, monitio.SUCCESS, 'Hi Sally, here is a message to you.', subject='Success message', user=sally)

You can also set a from_user, which lets you use Persistent Messages as messaging system between users.

You can make messages expire

You need to pass a date and time to expires argument. Once the message has expired, it will not be included in the returned QuerySet. At the moment there is no view or method to clear expired messages from database.

Displaying messages

To add monitio to your template:

  • add to <head> section:
    {% include "monitio/header.html" %}

This will include yaffle.js, monitio.js monitio translations and themes.

  • in the <body> section, place the message placeholder anywhere you like:

    <div id="monitioMessages"></div>
  • ... and initialize monitio, optionally passing theme parameter:

    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(document).ready(function () {
            initial = [];
            {% if messages %}
                {% for message in messages %}
                        'subject': '{{ message.subject }}',
                        'message': '{{ message.message }}',
                        'level': '{{ message.level }}',
                        'url': '{{ message.url }}',
                        'is_persistent': {{ message.is_persistent|lower }},
                        'pk': '{{ }}'});
                {% endfor %}
            {% endif %}
                "url": '{% url "monitio:persistent-messages-sse" user.username %}',
                "theme": "foundation" // remove for jqueryui theme,
                "initial": initial
    <div id="monitio"></div>
  • don't forget to add links to jquery, jqueryui and optionally to foundation 5

  • if any problems, check foundation_index.html in the test_app/templates directory, as it is much simpler than original one.

Creating notifications from background tasks (eg. Celery)

To create a notofication from a long-running, background process, use api.create_message:

def create_message(to_user, level, message, from_user=None, extra_tags='',
               subject='', expires=None, close_timeout=None, sse=True,

This function will call PersistentStorage.add method for you.

Storage extra methods

In Django request._messages is set to the default storage you configured in your settings. Persistent Messages storage has some extra methods that Django built-in storages don't have that can be very useful:

  • get_persistent: Get read and unread persistent messages
  • get_persistent_unread: Get unread persistent messages
  • get_nonpersistent: Gets nonpersistent messages
  • count_unread: Counts persistent and nonpersistent unread messages
  • count_persistent_unread: Counts persistent unread messages
  • count_nonpersistent: Counts nonpersistent messages

Let's see some examples of what this means.

Display number of unread messages

Imagine you've created an inbox for your users using Persistent Messages and you want to show them in the menu how many unread messages they have, if they have them:

<ul id="menu">
    <li><a href="">inbox {% if messages.count_persistent_unread > 0 %}({{ messages.count_persistent_unread }}){% endif %}</a></li>


django-monitio is (C) 2013-2014 mpasternak.

philomat is the author of original code for django-persistent-messages, which was then forked by maurojp.