Django application for managing object level permissions and generic groups


License
MIT
Install
pip install django-protector==0.6.5

Documentation

Protector

Protector is used for managing object level permissions in performance efficient way. It supports queryset filtering by permission and user. Also it allows every object in your project to behave as a user group. i.e. adding permissions and users with roles.

CAUTION BEFORE UPDATE FROM 0.4.x:

Most of new history features now require an obligatory reason field and situational initiator of an action. In manager's add methods responsible and initiator are considered as the same entities, so only the first one can be passed to function. On delete you have to indicate only the initiator of an action.

E.g. Instead of:

otp = OwnerToPermission(...)
otp.save()

Now you will have to point the reason(any string field) for this action:

otp = OwnerToPermission(...)
otp.save(reason='Reason for save', initiator=any_user_object)

No worries if you will forget to indicate one, in most of manager and model methods such situations are handled with custom exceptions, except for update method, which was missed due to perfomance purposes, as in most of the cases only creation/deletion is required.

One another warning. DB engines do not take into account uniqueness of null fields, so in create/save/delete methods such kind of situation is also handled. But be careful with duplicates in your OwnerToPermission table when using bulk_create and update.

Quick start

  1. Install from pip (it will also install required django-mptt):

    pip install django-protector
    
  2. Add "protector" to your INSTALLED_APPS setting:

    INSTALLED_APPS = (
        ...
        'protector',
    )
    
  3. Replace default auth backend with Protector backend:

    AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = (
        ...
        'protector.backends.GenericPermissionBackend'
    )
    
  4. Make some model your default group:

    PROTECTOR_GENERIC_GROUP = 'users.group'
    
  5. Run python manage.py migrate to create the protector models and copy existing user permissions

Now you can check permissions on objects like this:

user.has_perm('some_app.some_perm', user)

Or filter any queryset by permission:

from protector.models import filter_queryset_by_permission
filtered_qset = filter_queryset_by_permission(some_qset, user, 'some_app.some_perm')

Additional steps

  1. Add GenericPermsMixin to your User model to conviniently add permissions and groups:

    class User(UserGenericPermsMixin, AbstractBaseUser)
    
  2. Create some group models. Every model in your project could now behave like a group. You could inherit your models from abstract group to have convinient fields for users and permissions:

    class Group(AbstractGenericGroup):
    
  1. Inherit your Querysets from PermissionQuerySet to filter by permission easily:

    some_qset.filter_by_permission(user, 'some_app.some_perm')
    

Now you can manipulate permissions and groups:

user.permissions.all()
user.permissions.add(permission)
user.groups.all()
group.permissions.add(permission)

Restricting access to objects

This is somewhat different from just filtering queryset by permission

  1. Inherit your model from Restricted:

    class Comment(Restricted)
    
  2. Inherit model manager from RestrictedManager:

    class CommentManager(RestrictedManager):
    
  3. Restricted contains some additional fields so you need to run makemigration for your app

  4. Now you can restrict instances of your model:

    comment.restrict()
    

To enable user view one or all restricted objects:

user.permissions.add(Restricted.get_view_permission(), comment)
user.permissions.add(Restricted.get_view_permission())

To filter model objects visible by user:

Comment.objects.visible(user)

Global Permissions

You could define Template-like permissions. For example you want all group moderators to have edit_permission on their group. Such templates could be created In Global Group Permissions admin interface. You should choose ContentType of your group, roles and, of course, permission those roles should have. No further actions required:

user.has_perm('someapp.edit_permission', somegroup)

would return true if user is moderator in somegroup

Permission on Foreign Key to User

Every so often you would like owners of your objects to have some permissions of their objects. Easy peasy. You should inherit you object, for example TestPost from AbstractGenericGroup Like so:

class TestPost(AbstractGenericGroup):
    SUBSCRIBER = 1
    AUTHOR = 2
    ROLES = (
        (SUBSCRIBER, 'Subscriber'),
        (AUTHOR, 'Author')
    )
    author = models.ForeignKey(to=TestUser)

    MEMBER_FOREIGN_KEY_FIELDS = (
        ('author', AUTHOR),
    )

    class Meta:
        permissions = (
            ('manage_post', 'Manage Post'),
        )

MEMBER_FOREIGN_KEY_FIELDS defines which foreign key gets which role.

Notice: This is accomplished via some denormalization and works through create, save and update model and manager methods overloading