Collection of explicitly constructed meshes

mesh, scientific, engineering, fem, finite, elements, mesh-generators, python
pip install meshzoo==0.11.4



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When generating meshes for FEM/FVM computations, sometimes your geometry is so simple that you don't need a complex mesh generator (like pygmsh, MeshPy, mshr, pygalmesh, dmsh), but something simple and fast that makes use of the structure of the domain. Enter meshzoo.


Install meshzoo from PyPI with

pip install meshzoo

How to get a license

Licenses for personal and academic use can be purchased here. You'll receive a confirmation email with a license key. Install the key with

plm add <your-license-key>

on your machine and you're good to go.

For commercial use, please contact



import meshzoo

bary, cells = meshzoo.triangle(8)

# corners = np.array(
#     [
#         [0.0, -0.5 * numpy.sqrt(3.0), +0.5 * numpy.sqrt(3.0)],
#         [1.0, -0.5, -0.5],
#     ]
# )
# points =, bary).T

# Process the mesh, e.g., write it to a file using meshio
# meshio.write_points_cells("triangle.vtk", points, {"triangle": cells})


import meshzoo
import numpy as np

points, cells = meshzoo.rectangle_tri(
    np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11),
    np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11),
    variant="zigzag",  # or "up", "down", "center"

points, cells = meshzoo.rectangle_quad(
    np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11),
    np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11),
    cell_type="quad4",  # or "quad8", "quad9"

Regular polygon

meshzoo.ngon(4, 8) meshzoo.ngon(6, 8) meshzoo.ngon(9, 8)
import meshzoo

points, cells = meshzoo.ngon(5, 11)


meshzoo.disk(4, 8) meshzoo.disk(6, 8) meshzoo.disk(9, 8)

The disk meshes are inflations of regular polygons.

import meshzoo

points, cells = meshzoo.disk(6, 11)

points, cells = meshzoo.disk_quad(10, cell_type="quad4")  # or "quad8", "quad9"

Möbius strip

import meshzoo

points, cells = meshzoo.moebius(num_twists=1, nl=60, nw=11)

Sphere (surface)

import meshzoo

points, cells = meshzoo.uv_sphere(num_points_per_circle=20, num_circles=10, radius=1.0)
points, tri, quad = meshzoo.geo_sphere(
    num_points_per_circle=20, num_circles=10, radius=1.0

Spheres can also be generated by refining the faces of platonic solids and then "inflating" them. meshzoo implements a few of them. The sphere generated from the icosahedron has the highest-quality (most equilateral) triangles.

All cells are oriented such that its normals point outwards.

meshzoo.tetra_sphere(10) meshzoo.octa_sphere(10) meshzoo.icosa_sphere(10)

Ball (solid)

import meshzoo

points, cells = meshzoo.ball_tetra(10)
points, cells = meshzoo.ball_hexa(10)


import meshzoo

points, cells =, radius=1.0, n=30)


import meshzoo
import numpy as np

points, cells = meshzoo.cube_tetra(
    np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11), np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11), np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11)
points, cells = meshzoo.cube_hexa(
    np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11), np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11), np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, 11)