Simple CRON for MicroPython
SimpleCRON is a time-based task scheduling program inspired by the well-known CRON program for Unix systems.
Before you use this library, you may be interested in a similar MicroCRON library that needs 3 times less memory to operate. It was written based on experience with the current library.
The software was tested under micropython 1.10 (esp32, esp8266) and python 3.5.
What you can do with this library:
- Run any task at precisely defined intervals
- Delete and add tasks while the program is running.
- Run the task a certain number of times and many more.
- The board on which the micropython is installed(v1.10)
- The board must have support for hardware timers.
You can install using the upip:
import upip upip.install("micropython-scron")
micropython -m upip install -p modules micropython-scron
You can also clone this repository, and install it manually:
git clone https://github.com/fizista/micropython-scron.git cd ./micropython-scron ./flash-src.sh
The library on this processor must be compiled into binary code.
The MicroPython cross compiler is needed for this.
If you already have the mpy-cross command available, then run the bash script:
and then upload the library to the device, e.g. using the following script:
Important! An even better solution is to integrate this module into the firmware. The module takes up much less RAM.
To do this, copy the
scron module to
Then compile the sources, and upload them to your device.
Important! You have to add the following lines of code if your application does not periodically run more actions than the maximum timer time. Calls should be more often than about 5 minutes.
simple_cron.add('null', lambda *a, **k: None, seconds=0, minutes=range(0,59,5), removable=False)
Simple code to run every second:
from scron.week import simple_cron # OR # SimpleCRON single-class library, with minimal recursion depth. # This is mainly for ESP8266, because we have very few possible recursions. from scron.cweek import simple_cron # Depending on the device, you need to add a task that # will be started at intervals shorter than the longest # time the timer can count. simple_cron.add('null', lambda *a, **k: None, seconds=0, minutes=range(0,59,5), removable=False) simple_cron.add('helloID', lambda *a,**k: print('hello')) simple_cron.run()
Code, which is activated once a Sunday at 12:00.00:
simple_cron.add( 'Sunday12.00', lambda *a,**k: print('wake-up call'), weekdays=6, hours=12, minutes=0, seconds=0 )
Every second minute:
simple_cron.add( 'Every second minute', lambda *a,**k: print('second call'), minutes=range(0, 59, 2), seconds=0 )
Other usage samples can be found in the 'examples' directory.
How to use it
Somewhere in your code you have to add the following code, and from then on SimpleCRON is ready to use.
from scron.week import simple_cron simple_cron.run() # You have to run it once. This initiates the SimpleCRON action, # and reserve one timmer.
To add a task you are using:
simple_cron.add(<callback_id_string>, <callback>, ...)
Example of a callback:
def some_counter(scorn_instance, callback_name, pointer, memory): if 'counter' in memory: memory['counter'] += 1 else: memory['counter'] = 1
scorn_instance- SimpleCRON instance, in this case scron.weekend.simple_cron
callback_name- Callback ID
pointer- This is an indicator of the time in which the task was to be run. Example: (6, 13, 5, 10). This is ( Sunday , 1 p.m. , minutes 5 , seconds 10 )
memory- Shared memory for this particular callback, between all calls. By default this is a dictionary.
If for some reason a running callback throws an exception, then it is possible to process this event with special functions. The default exception processing function is print().
To add new processing functions for callback exceptions, simply add them to the list below:
processor_function is function(exception_instance)
- If a task takes a very long time, it blocks the execution of other tasks!
- If there are several functions to run at a given time, then they are started without a specific order.
- If the time has been changed (time synchronization with the network,
own time change), run the
simple_cron._sync_time()function, which will set a specific point in time. Without this setting, it may happen that some callbacks will not be started.
What has not been tested:
- SimpleCRON operation during sleep
How to test
First install the following things:
git clone https://github.com/fizista/micropython-scron.git cd micropython-scron/ micropython -m upip install -p modules micropython-unittest micropython -m upip install -p modules micropython-time
Then run the tests:
Testing directly on the device:
pip install pyserial adafruit-ampy ./run_tests_esp.sh upload_combined ./run_tests_esp.sh run /dev/ttyUSB0 ./run_tests_esp.sh upload ./run_tests_esp.sh run /dev/ttyUSB0
Support and license
If you have found a mistake or other problem, write in the issues.
If you need a different license for this library (e.g. commercial), please contact me: email@example.com.