Simple database wrapper for Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Sqlite. written in C# supporting dynamic query building and nesting using expressions. Refer to other DatabaseWrapper packages if you only need support for one database type.

database, sql, server, mssql, mysql, pgsql, sqlite, postgres, postgresql, dynamic, query, builder, datarow, datatable, orm, relational, mapper, relation, key, foreign, databasewrapper, db, microsoft-sql-server, nuget
Install-Package DatabaseWrapper -Version



Library Version Downloads
DatabaseWrapper (all supported database types) NuGet Version NuGet
DatabaseWrapper.Mysql NuGet Version NuGet
DatabaseWrapper.Postgresql NuGet Version NuGet
DatabaseWrapper.Sqlite NuGet Version NuGet
DatabaseWrapper.SqlServer NuGet Version NuGet
DatabaseWrapper.Core NuGet Version NuGet

DatabaseWrapper is the EASIEST and FASTEST way to get a data-driven application up and running using SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, or Sqlite.

For a sample app exercising this library, refer to the Test project contained within the solution.

Core features:

  • Dynamic query building
  • Hierarchical Boolean logic using Expression objects
  • Support for SQL server native vs Windows authentication
  • Programmatic table creation and removal (drop)
  • Built-in sanitization
  • Support for .NET Standard, .NET Core, and .NET Framework

New in v3.2.2

  • Breaking change: ResultOrder class for SELECT

A Note on Sanitization

Use of parameterized queries vs building queries dynamically is a sensitive subject. Proponents of parameterized queries have data on their side - that parameterization does the right thing to prevent SQL injection and other issues. I do not disagree with them. However, it is worth noting that with proper care, you CAN build systems that allow you to dynamically build queries, and you SHOULD do so as long as you build in the appropriate safeguards.

If you find an injection attack that will defeat the sanitization layer built into this project, please let me know!

Simple Example

Refer to the test project for a more complete example with sample table setup scripts.

using DatabaseWrapper;
using DatabaseWrapper.Core;

DatabaseClient = null;

// Sqlite
client = new DatabaseClient("[databasefilename]");

// SQL Server, MySQL, or PostgreSQL
client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.SqlServer,  "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[databasename]");
client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.Mysql,      "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[databasename]");
client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.Postgresql, "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[databasename]");

// SQL Express
client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.SqlServer,  "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[instance]", "[databasename]");

// some variables we'll be using
Dictionary<string, object> d;
Expression e;
List<string> fields;
DataTable result;

// add a record
d = new Dictionary<string, object>();
d.Add("firstName", "Joel");
d.Add("lastName", "Christner");
d.Add("notes", "Author");
result = client.Insert("person", d);

// update a record
d = new Dictionary<string, object>();
d.Add("notes", "The author :)");
e = new Expression("firstName", Operators.Equals, "Joel"); 
result = client.Update("person", d, e);

// retrieve 10 records
fields = new List<string> { "firstName", "lastName" }; // leave null for *
e = new Expression("lastName", Operators.Equals, "Christner"); 
ResultOrder[] order = new ResultOrder[1];
order = new ResultOrder("firstName", OrderDirection.Ascending)
result = client.Select("person", 0, 10, fields, e, order);

// delete a record
e = new Expression("firstName", Operators.Equals, "Joel"); 
result = client.Delete("person", e);

// execute a raw query
result = client.RawQuery("SELECT customer_id FROM customer WHERE customer_id > 10");

Sample Compound Expression

Expressions can be nested in either the LeftTerm or RightTerm. Conversion from Expression to a WHERE clause uses recursion, so you should have a good degree of flexibility in building your expressions in terms of depth.

Expression e = new Expression {
	LeftTerm = new Expression("age", Operators.GreaterThan, 30),
	Operator = Operators.And,
	RightTerm = new Expression("height", Operators.LessThan, 74)

Select with Pagination

Use IndexStart, MaxResults, and ResultOrder[] to retrieve paginated results. The query will retrieve maxResults records starting at row number indexStart using an ordering based on orderByClause. See the example in the DatabaseWrapperTest project.

IMPORTANT: When doing pagination with SQL Server, you MUST specify an ResultOrder[].

ResultOrder[] order = new ResultOrder[1];
order = new ResultOrder("firstName", OrderDirection.Ascending);
DataTable result = client.Select("person", 5, 10, null, e, order);

Need a Timestamp?

We added a simple static method for this which you can use when building expressions (or elsewhere). An object method exists as well.

string SqlServer1 = DatabaseClient.DbTimestamp(DbTypes.SqlServer, DateTime.Now));
string SqlServer2 = client.Timestamp(DateTime.Now);
// 08/23/2016 05:34:32.4349034 PM

string mysql1 = DatabaseClient.DbTimestamp(DbTypes.MySql, DateTime.Now));
string mysql2 = client.Timestamp(DateTime.Now);
// 2016-08-23 17:34:32.446913 

Other Notes


When using database-specific classes DatabaseWrapper.Mysql, DatabaseWrapper.Postgresql, DatabaseWrapper.SqlServer, or DatabaseWrapper.Sqlite, the constructor is simplified from what is shown above.

For Sqlite:

DatabaseClient client = new DatabaseClient("[databasefilename]");

For SQL Server, MySQL, or PostgreSQL:

DatabaseClient client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.SqlServer,  "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[databasename]");
DatabaseClient client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.Mysql,      "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[databasename]");
DatabaseClient client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.Postgresql, "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[databasename]");

For SQL Server Express:

DatabaseClient client = new DatabaseClient(DbTypes.SqlServer, "[hostname]", [port], "[user]", "[password]", "[instance]", "[databasename]");


  • MySQL does not like to return updated rows. I thought about making the UPDATE clause require that you supply the ID field and the ID value so that I could retrieve it after the fact, but that approach is just too limiting.


  • Cleansing of strings in PostgreSQL uses the dollar-quote style. Fieldnames are always encapsulated in double-quotes for PostgreSQL.

SQL Server

  • Pagination where IndexStart and MaxResults are supplied demands use of ResultOrder[].


  • Sqlite may not work out of the box with .NET Framework. In order to use Sqlite with .NET Framework, you'll need to manually copy the runtimes folder into your project output directory. This directory is automatically created when building for .NET Core. To get this folder, build the Test.Sqlite project and navigate to the bin/debug/netcoreapp* directory. Then copy the runtimes folder into the project output directory of your .NET Framework application.

Version history

Refer to