PDF toolkit for preparing documents for distribution.

encryption, pdf, pdf-document-processor, pdf-generation, pdfkit, pdfrw, pypdf2, python, watermark
pip install pdfconduit==1.8.10


PDF Conduit

Prepare documents for distribution.

A Pure-Python library built as a PDF toolkit.


  • Watermark: Dynamically generate watermarks and add watermark to existing document
  • Label: Overlay text labels such as filename or date to documents
  • Encrypt: Password protect and restrict permissions to print only
  • Rotate: Rotate by increments of 90 degrees
  • Upscale: Scale PDF size
  • Merge: Concatenate multiple documents into one file
  • Slice: Extract page ranges from documents
  • Flatten: Flatten PDF pages and remove layers
  • Convert: Convert an image file to a PDF or convert a PDF to an image
  • Extract Text and Images
  • Retrieve document metadata and information

Getting Started

These instructions will get you a copy of the project up and running on your local machine for development and testing purposes. See deployment for notes on how to deploy the project on a live system.


In order to use this application you will need to have a Python 3 interpreter installed on your machine. A limited functionality executable application has been developed for Windows 10 to bypass Python as a system dependency.

Upgrade to the latest version of pip.

pip install --upgrade pip


Install the latest version from the PyPi distribution. Run pip install pdfconduit on the command line of your interpreter (virtual environment not required but recommended).

PyPi install

pip install pdfconduit

PyPi update (no cache dir to force install of newest version)

pip install --no-cache-dir --upgrade pdfconduit

PyPi install (with GUI)

pip install pdfconduit-gui

Project Structure

├── conduit
│   ├── __init__.py
│   ├── _version.py
│   ├── encrypt.py
│   ├── flatten.py
│   ├── merge.py
│   ├── rotate.py
│   ├── slice.py
│   ├── upscale.py
│   ├── utils
│   │   ├── __init__.py
│   │   ├── extract.py
│   │   ├── info.py
│   │   ├── lib
│   │   │   └── font
│   │   │       └── Vera.ttf
│   │   ├── lib.py
│   │   ├── path.py
│   │   ├── receipt.py
│   │   ├── samples.py
│   │   ├── view.py
│   │   └── write.py
│   └── watermark
│       ├── __init__.py
│       ├── add.py
│       ├── canvas
│       │   ├── __init__.py
│       │   ├── constructor.py
│       │   └── objects.py
│       ├── draw
│       │   ├── __init__.py
│       │   ├── image.py
│       │   └── pdf.py
│       ├── label.py
│       └── watermark.py
└── gui
    ├── __init__.py
    ├── _version.py
    ├── gui.py
    └── lib
        ├── icon
        │   ├── lock.ico
        │   └── stamp.ico
        └── img
            ├── Standard\ (no\ blocks).png
            ├── Standard.png
            ├── Wide\ (no\ blocks).png
            └── Wide.png
├── __init__.py


pdfconduit was developed to streamline the redundant process of creating watermarks, overlaying them on PDF files and adding security parameters before distribution to clients.

Process "as is"

  1. Photoshop
    • Open watermark PSD template
    • Modify text (address, town, state)
    • Save file to PNG
  2. Acrobat (watermark)
    • Open source PDF file
    • Find PNG file and add as a watermark
    • Save new file with '_watermarked' suffix
  3. Acrobat (security)
    • Open watermarked PDF file
    • Add user and owner password protection
    • Restrict permissions to 'Print Only'

Process "automated"

  1. Run pdfwatermark GUI
  2. Select source PDF file
  3. Input text (address, town, state)
  4. Select watermark and encryption parameters

By removing the steps of launching Photoshop and Acrobat to perform a number of tasks process efficiency is dramatically increaded.

High Level APIs

Outlined below are basic uses of the main classes and functions of the pdfconduit python package.

  • GUI.watermark() - GUI for setting source file and watermark parameters
    • Launch GUI window to set source file and watermark settings
    • Dependent on PySimpleGUI library and TKinter back-end
    • Return inputs to caller
  • Watermark() - Wrapper class that manages inputs and file structures
    • Creates watermark file
    • Merges watermark file and source document file
    • Saves new watermark and removes temp files
  • WatermarkDraw() - Dynamically generates a watermark using CanvasObjects
    • Set text, image, font, opacity and location parameters by creating CanvasStr and CavnasImg objects
    • Draw to letter sized canvas
    • Add rotation to canvas for rotated watermarked
    • Merges watermark template and dynamically drawn canvas or image to create watermark
    • Write watermark pdf file to temp folder and returns path
  • WatermarkAdd() - Merges source PDF file with the watermark generated by WatermarkDraw
    • Checks if source PDF file is verically or horizontally oriented
    • Calls upscale() to upscale PDF to fit letter size (8.5 x 11)
    • Checks if watermark orientation is the same as source pdf file's
      • Calls rotate() function to rotate watermark by increments of 90 degrees if needed
    • Merges source PDF file and watermark file to create new PDF object
  • rotate() - Rotate PDF by increments of 90 degrees
  • upscale() - Upscales PDF to fit letter size
  • Encrypt() - Encrypt a PDF document to add passwords and permissions
  • Merge() - Concatenate multiple PDF documents into one PDF
  • slicer() - Save range of pages in PDF document to a new PDF file
  • Flatten() - Convert each page of a PDF document to a flattened image

Usage * Watermark

Generate watermark, add watermark to file and encrypt file

Using module imports.

from pdfconduit import Watermark

# Set document and watermark params
pdf = 'mypdfdoc.pdf'
address = '2000 Main Street'
town = 'Boston'
state = 'MA'

# Initialize with PDF document
w = Watermark(pdf)

# Generate watermark file
w.draw(text1=address, text2=town + ', ' + state, copyright=True, rotate=30, opacity=0.08

# Add watermark file to PDF document
>>> mypdfdoc_watermarked.pdf

# Encypt PDF document
w.encrypt(user_pw='foo', owner_pw='baz') 
>>> mypdfdoc_secured.pdf

# Remove temp files and save receipt to disk

Using GUI.

from pdfconduit import GUI

GUI Screenshot

Optional Parameters - Watermark Settings

Logo Images
  • References the logo images within the pdfconduit/watermark/lib/img directory
  • Can be replaced with any png
File Compression
  • Handles compressing of PDF object components of the watermark file
  • When objects are automatically compressed this parameter may have no effect
Watermark.draw(compress=0)  # Uncompressed
Watermark.draw(compress=1)  # Compressed
Watermark Flattening
Layered Flattened
Finer parameter tuning with more options Watermark harder to remove by merging img layers
Construction * Creates a CanvasStr object for each text layer
* Create CanvasImg object for watermark logo image file
* Draw each text layer to PIL image file
* Draw PIL image with text to PIL image with logo to create one image file
CanvasObjects Initiate CanvasObjects() and use CanvasObjects().add() to add each string and image Initiate CanvasObjects() and use CanvasObjects().add() to one CanvasImg instance
Draw Iterate CanvasObjects and draw each to canvas Draw CanvasImg to canvas
Save Save canvas with text objects to layered PDF document Save canvas with single image layer
Watermark.draw(flatten=False)  # Layered
Watermark.draw(flatten=True)  # Flattened
Watermark Placement
  • Place Watermark on top of or below existing PDF document
  • Overlay placement is necessary for watermarking images
  • Underneath placement is often cleaner for watermarking text heavy PDF documents
Watermark.add(underneath=False)  # Overlay
Watermark.add(underneath=True)  # Underneath
  • Opacity of watermark logo image and watermark text
  • Adjustable from 1% to 20%
  • Opacity parameter must of type float
Watermark.draw(opacity=0.09)  # Set opacity to 9%

Usage - Encrypt

Encrypt a PDF file to add passwords and restrict permissions.

Using module imports.

from pdfconduit import protect

# Required parameters
pdf = 'mypdfdoc.pdf'
user_pw = 'baz'  # Password to open and view PDF
owner_pw = 'foo'  # Password to change security settings

# Optional parameters
encrypt_128 = True  # Encrypt using 128 bits (40 bits when False)
restrict_permission = True  # Restrict permissions to print only (all allowed when false)

# Encrypt PDF document
encrypted = encrypt(pdf, user_pw, owner_pw, encrypt_128, restrict_permission)
>>> mypdfdoc_secured.pdf

Usage - Merge

Merge multiple PDF files into one concatenated PDF file.

Using module imports.

from pdfconduit import Merge

# List of PDF paths
pdfs = ['doc1.pdf', 'doc2.pdf', 'doc3.pdf']

# Merge PDF files
merged = Merge(pdfs)
>>> merged.pdf


from pdfconduit import Merge

# List of PDF paths
pdfs = ['doc1.pdf', 'doc2.pdf', 'doc3.pdf']

# Specify output file name
output = 'combined doc'

# Merge PDF files
merged = Merge(pdfs, output_name=output)
>>> combined doc.pdf

Usage - Rotate

Rotate a PDF document by increments of 90 degrees.

Using module imports.

from pdfconduit import rotate

pdf = 'mypdfdoc.pdf'  # PDF to-be rotated
rotate = 90  # Degress of rotation (clockwise)

# Rotate PDF file
rotated = rotate(pdf, rotate)
>>> mypdfdoc_rotated.pdf

Usage - Slice

Slice a PDF document to extract a range of page.

Using module imports.

from pdfconduit import slicer

# Parameters
pdf = 'mypdfdoc.pdf'
first_page = 4
last_page = 17

# Slice PDF file
sliced = slicer(pdf, first_page, last_page)
>>> mypdfdoc_sliced.pdf

Usage - Label

Add a text label to the bottom left corner of each page of PDF file.

Using module imports.

from pdfconduit import Label

# Parameters
pdf = 'mypdfdoc.pdf'
label = 'Document updated 7/10/18'

# Label PDF file
labeled = Label(pdf, label)
>>> mypdfdoc_labeled.pdf





Watermark(document, remove_temps=True, open_file=True, tempdir=mkdtemp(), receipt=None, use_receipt=True)
Parameters Type Description
document str PDF document full path
remove_temps bool Remove temporary files after completion
open_file bool Open file after completion
tempdir str or function Temporary directory for file writing
receipt cls Use existing Receipt object if already initiated
use_receipt bool Print receipt information to console and write to file


def draw(self, text1, text2=None, copyright=True, image=default_image, rotate=30,
		 opacity=0.08, compress=0, flatten=False, add=False):
Parameters Type Description
text1 str Text line 1
text2 str Text line 2
copyright bool Draw copyright and year to canvas
image str Logo image to be used as base watermark
rotate int Degrees to rotate canvas by
opacity float Watermark opacity``
compress bool Compress watermark contents (not entire PDF)
flatten bool Draw watermark with multiple layers or a single flattened layer
add bool Add watermark to original document``

Return: Watermark file full path


def add(self, document=None, watermark=None, underneath=False, output=None, suffix='watermarked'):
Parameters Type Description
document str PDF document full path
watermark str Watermark PDF full path
underneath bool Place watermark either under or over existing PDF document
output str Output file path
suffix str Suffix to append to existing PDF document file name

Return: Watermarked PDF document full path


def encrypt(self, user_pw='', owner_pw=None, encrypt_128=True, restrict_permission=True):
Parameters Type Description
user_pw str User password required to open and view PDF document
owner_pw str Owner password required to alter security settings and permissions
encrypt_128 bool Encrypt PDF document using 128 bit keys
restrict_permission str Restrict permissions to print only

Return: Encrypted PDF document full path


  • A number of PDF libraries exist I was unable to find one with the functionality I was looking for.
  • Simple add watermark functionality wasn't enough, I needed the ability to adjust each watermark without opening another application.
  • PDF files can only be rotated by 90 degree increments so slanted text was achieved by drawing to a rotated canvas object

Built With

  • PyPDF3 - A utility to read and write PDFs with Python forked from PyPDF2
  • pdfrw - pdfrw is a pure Python library that reads and writes PDFs.
  • PyMuPDF - A lightweight PDF and XPS viewer
  • Pillow - The friendly PIL fork (Python Imaging Library)
  • PySimpleGUI - A simple yet powerful GUI built on top of tkinter.
  • reportlab - Allows rapid creation of rich PDF documents, and also creation of charts in a variety of bitmap and vector formats.
  • looptools - Logging output, timing processes and counting iterations.
  • tqdm - A fast, extensible progress bar for Python


Please read CONTRIBUTING.md for details on our code conduct, and the process for submitting pull requests to us.


We use SemVer for versioning. For the versions available, see the tags on this repository.