Take control of your images.

jquery, image, picture, load, responsive, svg
bower install jquery.picplus



Take control of your images. By matthewwithanm and lettertwo.


Getting Started

To get started, bower install jquery.picplus or download the file from the GitHub page. Include a <script> tag in your HTML that points to it.

The Basics

PicPlus uses custom markup to describe images:

<span data-picplus
    data-alt="An awesome picture"></span>

Use this markup anywhere you would normally use an <img> tag. Then intialize the jQuery plugin in your document ready handler:

$(document).ready(function () {

Reponsive Images

The responsive image markup is based on Scott Jehl's awesome picturefill project:

<span data-picplus data-alt="An awesome picture">
    <span data-src="extralarge.jpg" data-media="(min-width: 1000px)"></span>
    <span data-src="large.jpg"      data-media="(min-width: 800px)"></span>
    <span data-src="medium.jpg"     data-media="(min-width: 400px)"></span>
    <span data-src="small.jpg"></span>

    <!-- Fallback content for non-JS browsers. Same img src as the initial, unqualified source element. -->
        <img src="small.jpg" alt="An awesome picture" />

However, there's one major difference: sources are evaluated in order, instead of in reverse order. See this issue for more discussion.

Embedded SVGs

SVGs are awesome and especially important for devices with high pixel densities (retina displays). Unfortunately, a lot of the cool things you can do with SVGs don't work when you load them with img tags. You could embed them directly in your HTML, but that bloats the size of your markup and prevents browsers from caching them. With PicPlus, though, you can just include them like normal images and they'll be loaded and inserted into your document. That means you can style them with CSS, and script them with JavaScript. Just add a data-loader attribute:

<span data-picplus
    data-alt="An awesome picture"></span>

A Note on CORS

This technique involves loading SVGs with XMLHttpRequests, making it subject to CORS restrictions. This usually isn't a huge deal, but if your SVGs aren't loading, this is the first thing you should troubleshoot. If you want to support IE9, you'll need to include a CORS-supporting polyfill like jQuery-ajaxTransport-XDomainRequest.

IE9 Compatibility

For full IE9 compatibility, you'll need to load a Cross Origin Resource Sharing pollyfill like jQuery-ajaxTransport-XDomainRequest and a mediaMatch pollyfill like mediaMatch.js.

Lazy Loading

Lazy loading images when they enter the viewport can be a great way to optimize your page load. To get this behavior, simply include the picplus.lazyload plugin, and set the autoload option to false:

$(['data-picplus']).picplus({autoload: false});


Normal <img> tags don't give you much control over how your images are loaded: all the images on your page are loaded right away, in parallel, when your page loads. For convenience's sake, this is how PicPlus works by default too, but you aren't tied to it. By setting the autoload option to false, you can tell PicPlus not to load images immediately. Then your application can call the load() method when it's ready to load the image.

$(['data-picplus']).picplus({autoload: false});

// Later...

That's cool by itself, but it's only the tip of the iceberg. If you use the queueup plugin, images will be placed into a loading queue when you call load(). Subsequent calls to load() will promote the image in the queue. The queueup plugin can be used whether autoload is true or false. If autoload is true (the default), and you use both the queueup and lazyload plugins, all of your images will be loaded automatically in the background, but the ones in the viewport will always have priority!