Blazing fast, structured, leveled logging in Go.

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Blazing fast, structured, leveled logging in Go.


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Note that zap only supports the two most recent minor versions of Go.

Quick Start

In contexts where performance is nice, but not critical, use the SugaredLogger. It's 4-10x faster than other structured logging packages and includes both structured and printf-style APIs.

logger, _ := zap.NewProduction()
defer logger.Sync() // flushes buffer, if any
sugar := logger.Sugar()
sugar.Infow("failed to fetch URL",
  // Structured context as loosely typed key-value pairs.
  "url", url,
  "attempt", 3,
  "backoff", time.Second,
sugar.Infof("Failed to fetch URL: %s", url)

When performance and type safety are critical, use the Logger. It's even faster than the SugaredLogger and allocates far less, but it only supports structured logging.

logger, _ := zap.NewProduction()
defer logger.Sync()
logger.Info("failed to fetch URL",
  // Structured context as strongly typed Field values.
  zap.String("url", url),
  zap.Int("attempt", 3),
  zap.Duration("backoff", time.Second),

See the documentation and FAQ for more details.


For applications that log in the hot path, reflection-based serialization and string formatting are prohibitively expensive — they're CPU-intensive and make many small allocations. Put differently, using encoding/json and fmt.Fprintf to log tons of interface{}s makes your application slow.

Zap takes a different approach. It includes a reflection-free, zero-allocation JSON encoder, and the base Logger strives to avoid serialization overhead and allocations wherever possible. By building the high-level SugaredLogger on that foundation, zap lets users choose when they need to count every allocation and when they'd prefer a more familiar, loosely typed API.

As measured by its own benchmarking suite, not only is zap more performant than comparable structured logging packages — it's also faster than the standard library. Like all benchmarks, take these with a grain of salt.1

Log a message and 10 fields:

Package Time Objects Allocated
zap 3131 ns/op 5 allocs/op
zap (sugared) 4173 ns/op 21 allocs/op
zerolog 16154 ns/op 90 allocs/op
lion 16341 ns/op 111 allocs/op
go-kit 17049 ns/op 126 allocs/op
logrus 23662 ns/op 142 allocs/op
log15 36351 ns/op 149 allocs/op
apex/log 42530 ns/op 126 allocs/op

Log a message with a logger that already has 10 fields of context:

Package Time Objects Allocated
zap 380 ns/op 0 allocs/op
zap (sugared) 564 ns/op 2 allocs/op
zerolog 321 ns/op 0 allocs/op
lion 7092 ns/op 39 allocs/op
go-kit 20226 ns/op 115 allocs/op
logrus 22312 ns/op 130 allocs/op
log15 28788 ns/op 79 allocs/op
apex/log 42063 ns/op 115 allocs/op

Log a static string, without any context or printf-style templating:

Package Time Objects Allocated
zap 361 ns/op 0 allocs/op
zap (sugared) 534 ns/op 2 allocs/op
zerolog 323 ns/op 0 allocs/op
standard library 575 ns/op 2 allocs/op
go-kit 922 ns/op 13 allocs/op
lion 1413 ns/op 10 allocs/op
logrus 2291 ns/op 27 allocs/op
apex/log 3690 ns/op 11 allocs/op
log15 5954 ns/op 26 allocs/op

Development Status: Stable

All APIs are finalized, and no breaking changes will be made in the 1.x series of releases. Users of semver-aware dependency management systems should pin zap to ^1.


We encourage and support an active, healthy community of contributors — including you! Details are in the contribution guide and the code of conduct. The zap maintainers keep an eye on issues and pull requests, but you can also report any negative conduct to That email list is a private, safe space; even the zap maintainers don't have access, so don't hesitate to hold us to a high standard.

Released under the MIT License.

1 In particular, keep in mind that we may be benchmarking against slightly older versions of other packages. Versions are pinned in zap's glide.lock file.