lanes

A slightly more general HTTP routing library than LFE's lfest


License
Apache-2.0

Documentation

lanes

Build Status LFE Versions Erlang Versions Tags

A slightly more general HTTP routing library than LFE's lfest

Introduction

The lanes project aims to offer some of the YAWS-specific features of the lfest project to a wider selection of BEAM-based web servers. This is done with the understanding that the original design of lfest (and thus the design inherited in the lanes project) is not optimal.

For now, though, we are focused on the immediate and practical needs of LFE application developers.

Dependencies

  • Erlang 21+
  • rebar3

Usage

Create your application/service routes with the (defroutes ...) form. Here is an example that is compatible with Elli:

(include-lib "lanes_elli/include/macros.lfe")

(defroutes
  ;; top-level
  ('GET #"/"
        (lanes.elli:ok "Welcome to the Volvo Store!"))
  ;; single order operations
  ('POST #"/order"
         (progn
           (lanes-elli-data:create-order (lanes.elli:get-data req))
           (lanes.elli:accepted)))
  ('GET #"/order/:id"
        (lanes.elli:ok
         (lanes-elli-data:get-order id)))
  ('PUT #"/order/:id"
        (progn
          (lanes-elli-data:update-order id (lanes.elli:get-data req))
          (lanes.elli:no-content)))
  ('DELETE #"/order/:id"
           (progn
             (lanes-elli-data:delete-order id)
             (lanes.elli:no-content)))
  ;; order collection operations
  ('GET #"/orders"
        (lanes.elli:ok
         (lanes-elli-data:get-orders)))
  ;; payment operations
  ('PUT #"/payment/order/:id"
        (progn
          (lanes-elli-data:make-payment id (lanes.elli:get-data req))
          (lanes.elli:no-content)))
  ('GET #"/payment/order/:id"
        (lanes.elli:ok
         (lanes-elli-data:get-payment-status id)))
  ;; error conditions
  ('ALLOWONLY ('GET 'POST 'PUT 'DELETE)
              (lanes.elli:method-not-allowed))
  ('NOTFOUND
   (lanes.elli:not-found "Bad path: invalid operation.")))

For full context, be sure to see the code in ./examples.

Consuming Routes

Cowboy

TBD

Elli

The Elli lanes plugin supports a defroutes macro that generates a hanlder/3 function typically used in Elli handler modules. One still needs to provide the handle/2 and handle_event/3 functions in the module where defroutes is called.

Nova

TBD

YAWS

The YAWS lanes plugin creates a routes/3 function which can then be called in the out/1 function that is required of a YAWS appmod module. For an example of this in action, see this mini REST-api.

A few important things to note here:)

  • Each route is composed of an HTTP verb, a path, and a function to execute should both the verb and path match.
  • The function call in the route has access to the arg-data passed from YAWS; this contains all the data you could conceivably need to process a request. (You may need to import the yaws_api.hrl in your module to parse the data of your choice, though.)
  • If a path has a segment preceded by a colon, this will be converted to a variable by the (defroutes ...) macro; the variable will then be accessible from the function you provide in that route.
  • The (defroutes ...) macro generates the routes/3 function; it's three arguments are the HTTP verb (method name), the path info (a list of path segments, with the ":varname" segments converted tovarname/ variable segments), and then the arg-data variable from YAWS.

More details:

lanes needs to provide YAWS with an out/1 function. The location of this function is configured in your etc/yaws.conf file in the <appmods ...> directives (it can be repeated for supporting multiple endpoints).

YAWS will call this function with one argument: the YAWS arg record data. Since this function is the entry point for applications running under YAWS, it is responsible for determining how to process all requests.

The out/1 function in lane+YAWS-based apps calls the routes/3 function generated by the (defroutes ...) lanes/YAWS mamcro.

When a lanes-based project is compiled, the routes/3 function is available for use via whatever modules have defined routes with defroutes.

License

Apache Version 2 License

Copyright © 2014-2021, Duncan McGreggor oubiwann@gmail.com