Linting for Angular applications, following angular.io/styleguide.


Keywords
Angular, style guide, styleguide, nglint, codelyzer, lint, tslint, angular-cli, linting, static-code-analysis, style-guide
License
MIT
Install
npm install codelyzer@4.3.0

Documentation

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codelyzer

A set of tslint rules for static code analysis of Angular TypeScript projects.

You can run the static code analyzer over web apps, NativeScript, Ionic, etc.

How to use?

Angular CLI

Angular CLI has support for codelyzer. In order to validate your code with CLI and the custom Angular specific rules just use:

ng new codelyzer
ng lint

Note that by default all components are aligned with the style guide so you won't see any errors in the console.

Angular Seed

Another project which has out of the box integration with codelyzer is angular-seed. In order to run the linter you should:

# Skip if you've already cloned Angular Seed
git clone https://github.com/mgechev/angular-seed

# Skip if you've already installed all the dependencies of Angular Seed
cd angular-seed && npm i

# Run all the tslint and codelyzer rules
npm run lint

Note that by default all components are aligned with the style guide so you won't see any errors in the console.

Custom Setup

Preset

You can use the tslint-angular preset. All you need is:

npm i tslint-angular

After that create a tslint.json file with the following configuration:

{
  "extends": ["tslint-angular"]
}

Run the linter with:

./node_modules/.bin/tslint -c tslint.json

TSLint will now complain that there are rules which require type checking. In order to fix this, use thw -p config option:

./node_modules/.bin/tslint -p tsconfig.json -c tslint.json

Custom Installation

You can easily use codelyzer with your custom setup:

npm i codelyzer@~4.2.0 tslint@^5.0.0 @angular/core@~5.2.0 @angular/compiler@~5.2.0

A. Using codelyzer package in PATH

Create the following tslint.json file like:

{
  "extends": ["codelyzer"],
  "rules": {
    "angular-whitespace": [true, "check-interpolation", "check-semicolon"],
    "banana-in-box": true,
    "templates-no-negated-async": true,
    "directive-selector": [true, "attribute", "sg", "camelCase"],
    "component-selector": [true, "element", "sg", "kebab-case"],
    "max-inline-declarations": true,
    "prefer-output-readonly": true,
    "no-conflicting-life-cycle-hooks": true,
    "enforce-component-selector": true,
    "use-input-property-decorator": true,
    "use-output-property-decorator": true,
    "use-host-property-decorator": true,
    "use-view-encapsulation": true,
    "no-attribute-parameter-decorator": true,
    "no-output-named-after-standard-event": true,
    "no-input-rename": true,
    "no-output-rename": true,
    "no-output-on-prefix": true,
    "no-forward-ref": true,
    "no-unused-css": true,
    "use-life-cycle-interface": true,
    "contextual-life-cycle": true,
    "trackBy-function": true,
    "use-pipe-transform-interface": true,
    "component-class-suffix": true,
    "directive-class-suffix": true,
    "pipe-impure": true,
    "i18n": [true, "check-id", "check-text"],
    "template-cyclomatic-complexity": [true, 5],
    "template-conditional-complexity": [true, 4]
  }
}

To run TSLint with this setup you can use one of the following alternatives:

  1. Install codelyzer globally npm install -g codelyzer

  2. Run TSLint from a package.json script by adding a script like tslint . to your package.json, similar to:

"scripts": {
  ...
  "lint": "tslint .",
  ...
},

Then run npm run lint

B. Using codelyzer from node_modules directory

Now create the following tslint.json file where your node_modules directory is:

{
  "rulesDirectory": ["node_modules/codelyzer"],
  "rules": {
    "angular-whitespace": [true, "check-interpolation", "check-semicolon"],
    "banana-in-box": true,
    "templates-no-negated-async": true,
    "directive-selector": [true, "attribute", "sg", "camelCase"],
    "component-selector": [true, "element", "sg", "kebab-case"],
    "max-inline-declarations": true,
    "prefer-output-readonly": true,
    "no-conflicting-life-cycle-hooks": true,
    "enforce-component-selector": true,
    "use-input-property-decorator": true,
    "use-output-property-decorator": true,
    "use-host-property-decorator": true,
    "use-view-encapsulation": true,
    "no-attribute-parameter-decorator": true,
    "no-output-named-after-standard-event": true,
    "no-input-rename": true,
    "no-output-rename": true,
    "no-output-on-prefix": true,
    "no-forward-ref": true,
    "no-unused-css": true,
    "use-life-cycle-interface": true,
    "contextual-life-cycle": true,
    "trackBy-function": true,
    "use-pipe-transform-interface": true,
    "component-class-suffix": true,
    "directive-class-suffix": true,
    "pipe-impure": true,
    "i18n": [true, "check-id", "check-text"],
    "template-cyclomatic-complexity": [true, 5],
    "template-conditional-complexity": [true, 4]
  }
}

Next you can create a component file in the same directory with name component.ts and the following content:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'codelyzer',
  template: `
    <h1>Hello {{ name }}!</h1>
  `
})
class Codelyzer {
  name: string = 'World';

  ngOnInit() {
    console.log('Initialized');
  }
}

As last step you can execute all the rules against your code with tslint:

./node_modules/.bin/tslint -c tslint.json component.ts

You should see the following output:

component.ts[4, 13]: The selector of the component "Codelyzer" should have prefix "sg" (https://goo.gl/cix8BY)
component.ts[12, 3]: Implement lifecycle hook interface OnInit for method ngOnInit in class Codelyzer (https://goo.gl/w1Nwk3)
component.ts[9, 7]: The name of the class Codelyzer should end with the suffix Component (https://goo.gl/5X1TE7)

Editor Configuration

Note that you need to have tslint plugin install on your editor.

Codelyzer should work out of the box with Atom but for VSCode you will have to open Code > Preferences > User Settings, and enter the following config:

{
  "tslint.rulesDirectory": "./node_modules/codelyzer",
  "typescript.tsdk": "node_modules/typescript/lib"
}

Now you should have the following result:

VSCode Codelyzer

Enjoy!

Changelog

You can find it here.

Recommended configuration

Below you can find a recommended configuration which is based on the Angular Style Guide.

{
  // The rule have the following arguments:
  // [ENABLED, "attribute" | "element", "selectorPrefix" | ["listOfPrefixes"], "camelCase" | "kebab-case"]
  "directive-selector": [true, "attribute", ["dir-prefix1", "dir-prefix2"], "camelCase"],
  "component-selector": [true, "element", ["cmp-prefix1", "cmp-prefix2"], "kebab-case"],

  "angular-whitespace": [true, "check-interpolation", "check-semicolon"],

  "use-input-property-decorator": true,
  "use-output-property-decorator": true,
  "use-host-property-decorator": true,
  "no-attribute-parameter-decorator": true,
  "no-input-rename": true,
  "no-output-on-prefix": true,
  "no-output-rename": true,
  "no-forward-ref": true,
  "use-life-cycle-interface": true,
  "use-pipe-transform-interface": true,
  "no-output-named-after-standard-event": true,
  "max-inline-declarations": true,
  "prefer-output-readonly": true,
  "no-conflicting-life-cycle-hooks": true,
  "enforce-component-selector": true,

  // [ENABLED, "SUFFIX"]
  // Where "SUFFIX" is your custom suffix, for instance "Page" for Ionic 2 components.
  "component-class-suffix": [true, "Component"],
  "directive-class-suffix": [true, "Directive"]
}

Rules Status

Rule Status
banana-in-box Stable
contextual-life-cycle Stable
decorator-not-allowed Stable
pipe-impure Stable
templates-no-negated-async Stable
no-attribute-parameter-decorator Stable
no-forward-ref Stable
no-input-prefix Stable
no-input-rename Stable
no-output-on-prefix Stable
no-output-rename Stable
use-life-cycle-interface Stable
use-pipe-decorator Stable
use-pipe-transform-interface Stable
use-view-encapsulation Stable
component-class-suffix Stable
component-selector Stable
directive-class-suffix Stable
directive-selector Stable
use-host-property-decorator Stable
use-input-property-decorator Stable
use-output-property-decorator Stable
trackBy-function Stable
import-destructuring-spacing Stable
no-output-named-after-standard-event Stable
max-inline-declarations Stable
prefer-output-readonly Stable
no-conflicting-life-cycle-hooks Stable
enforce-component-selector Stable
i18n Experimental
no-unused-css Experimental
angular-whitespace Experimental
template-cyclomatic-complexity Experimental
template-conditional-complexity Experimental
pipe-naming Deprecated

Disable a rule that validates Template or Styles

Lint rules can be disabled by adding a marker in TypeScript files. More information here.

To disable rules that validate templates or styles you'd need to add a marker in the TypeScript file referencing them.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

/* tslint:disable:trackBy-function */
@Component({
  selector: 'codelyzer',
  templateUrl: './codelyzer.component.html'
})
class Codelyzer { }

Advanced configuration

Codelyzer supports any template and style language by custom hooks. If you're using Sass for instance, you can allow codelyzer to analyze your styles by creating a file .codelyzer.js in the root of your project (where the node_modules directory is). In the configuration file can implement custom pre-processing and template resolution logic:

// Demo of transforming Sass styles
var sass = require('node-sass');

module.exports = {
  // Definition of custom interpolation strings
  interpolation: ['{{', '}}'],

  // You can transform the urls of your external styles and templates
  resolveUrl(url, decorator) {
    return url;
  },

  // Transformation of the templates. This hooks is quite useful
  // if you're using any other templating language, for instance
  // jade, markdown, haml, etc.
  //
  // NOTE that this method WILL NOT throw an error in case of invalid template.
  //
  transformTemplate(code, url, decorator) {
    return { code: code, url: url };
  },

  // Transformation of styles. This hook is useful is you're using
  // any other style language, for instance Sass, Less, etc.
  //
  // NOTE that this method WILL NOT throw an error in case of invalid style.
  //
  transformStyle(code, url, decorator) {
    var result = { code: code, url: url };
    if (url && /\.scss$/.test(url)) {
      var transformed = sass.renderSync({ data: code, sourceMap: true, outFile: '/dev/null' });
      result.source = code;
      result.code = transformed.css.toString();
      result.map = transformed.map.toString();
    }
    return result;
  },

  // Custom predefined directives in case you get error for
  // missing property and you are using a template reference
  predefinedDirectives: [{ selector: 'form', exportAs: 'ngForm' }],

  // None = 0b000, Error = 0b001, Info = 0b011, Debug = 0b111
  logLevel: 0b111
};

Contributors

mgechev wKoza preslavsh rokerkony GregOnNet alan-agius4
mgechev wKoza preslavsh rokerkony GregOnNet alan-agius4
csvn eppsilon rafaelss95 ghsyeung Kobzol lazarljubenovic
csvn eppsilon rafaelss95 ghsyeung Kobzol lazarljubenovic
sagittarius-rev connor4312 Foxandxss gbilodeau NagRock Hotell
sagittarius-rev connor4312 Foxandxss gbilodeau NagRock Hotell
Martin-Wegner comfroels plantain-00 nexus-uw muhammadghazali alisd23
Martin-Wegner comfroels plantain-00 nexus-uw muhammadghazali alisd23
eromano Manduro karol-depka kevinphelps leosvelperez Gillespie59
eromano Manduro karol-depka kevinphelps leosvelperez Gillespie59
rwlogel rtfpessoa scttcper lacolaco tmair cexbrayat
rwlogel rtfpessoa scttcper lacolaco tmair cexbrayat
reduckted
reduckted

License

MIT