Templiteral is a light-weight tool to reactively generate and update markup in-browser without the need for any framework or dependencies. Designed to work with the `customElements` spec, Templiteral can be used to manage native data, property and event b

template literal, template string, javascript, html, template, DOM, render, reactive, web component, custom element, customElements, Angular, React, custom-elements-v1, template-engine, template-literal
npm install templiteral@2.7.1



Templiteral is a light-weight tool to reactively generate and update markup in-browser without the need for any framework or dependencies. Designed to work with the customElements spec, Templiteral can be used to manage native data, property and event bindings using familiar syntax without the need for an external compiler or complicated build tools.

Try templiteral for yourself on CodePen.


Install with npm or yarn.

npm i templiteral
# OR
yarn add templiteral

How it Works

The templiteral function takes two optional arguments (a location and a context) and returns a function that serves as an ECMAScript 2015 template literal tag, a function that takes in a template literal and returns some other object. Repeated calls to this function will update the previously-inserted DOM nodes if a binding is present.

So a template literal tag would look like the following:

function myTag(strings, ...values) {
  return strings.map((string, index) => `${string} values[index]`).join('');
const message = 'world';
myTag`Hello ${message}`; // Hello world

If the arguments aren't present, both will default to the call site's this and the relevant shadowRoot if one is present.

The templiteral function returns a tag function that serves as a renderer.


The following example uses ESNext features and ECMAScript modules which might not be supported by all browsers:

import { templiteral } from 'templiteral';

class MyEl extends HTMLElement {
  #templiteral = templiteral;

  constructor() {
    this.attachShadow({ mode: 'open' });
    this.username = 'templiteral';

  connectedCallback() {

  render() {
      <h1>Hello ${this.username}</h1>
      <p>You're alright.</p>

customElements.define('my-el', MyEl);

Now when an instance of my-el is inserted into the DOM, the render method will be called and insert the template into the element's shadow root.

Event bindings

Templiteral provides Angular-style event bindings using the (<eventName>)="${this.eventHandler}" syntax.

<button (click)="${this.logClickEvent}">Log a message</button>

This would call the component's logClickEvent with the event object as the argument. As you might expect, you can also pass object properties or other arguments in the function invocation as well.

Property bindings

Similar to the event bindings above, property bindings use the bracket notation [<propertyName>]="${this.someProp}".

<input type="text" id="username" name="username" [required]="${this.isRequired}" [value]="${this.username}">

Component base

Templiteral exports a Component abstract class that provides a significant boilerplate for building custom elements. By utilizing the built-in static getter boundAttributes which returns an array of property names, you will keep your attribute and property vaules in sync.

In addition, Component adds a static getter for a render method (renderer) which will be called when any bound attribute changes. Along with the renderer, a new element method, html serves as an alias for this.templiteral():

import { Component } from 'templiteral';

class HelloWorld extends Component {
  static get boundAttributes() {
    return ['who', 'now'];

  static get renderer() { return 'render'; }

  constructor() {
    this.who = 'world';

  connectedCallback() {
    setInterval(this.updateTime.bind(this), 100);

  updateTime() {
    this.now = new Date().toLocaleString();    

  render() {
      <h1>Hello ${this.who}</h1>

customElements.define('hello-world', HelloWorld);

The <hello-world></hello-world> element would now have attributes in sync with the data and would automatically re-render the time every 100 milliseconds.

Element references

Similar to React, you can create a simple element reference inside your template with the ref attribute:

<input type="text" id="username" ref="username">

and in your component file:

this.username = this.refs.username.value;

Array templates

Loops are created using the built-in Array prototype methods and the use of the fragment function. fragment takes in a unique key for each element in the array. Normally, the item's index should suffice, but in cases where there will be significant re-rendering, something else might be necessary.

  ${this.todos = todo => this.fragment(todo)`
        <input type="checkbox" (change)="${this.done}">

The fragment's this methods will still be referenced to the containing component.

Repeat directive (deprecated)

Need to use the same template on multiple items? You can use the <t-repeat> element to loop over data:

<t-repeat [items]="${this.todos}" [templateCallback]="${this.todoTemplateCallback}"></t-repeat>

In your base component, add a template callback as a method:

todoTemplateCallback() {
  return (todo, index) => `
        <input type="checkbox" [checked]="${todo.complete}">

Any time the template's _render method is called, the element will update.

If directive

To show/hide elements based on some condition, use the <t-if> element:

<t-if [condition]="${this.showTodos}">
  <!-- To do repeater -->