freezemage0/config

Small configuration files management library.


Keywords
config
License
CNRI-Python-GPL-Compatible

Documentation

Configuration

freezemage0/config is a library that provides an easy way to read and create configuration files. Supports .json, .ini and .php formats.

Installation

You can install this package using composer: composer require freezemage0/config

Usage

ConfigFactory

ConfigFactory automatically resolves the Importer and Exporter for the configuration. The resolving is based on file extension.

Usage example:

Creation of configuration object
<?php


use Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;


$factory = new ConfigFactory();
$config = $factory->create($_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/config.json');

The returned config file will be ready to decode and encode JSON data from config.json file.

Registering of custom Importers and Exporters

You may want to make your own importer or exporter. In that case you can register them using ConfigFactory::registerImporter() and ConfigFactory::registerExporter() methods. All custom importers and exporters MUST implement ImporterInterface and ExporterInterface respectively.

<?php


use Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;
use Freezemage\Config\Importer\ImporterInterface;


class MyImporter implements ImporterInterface {
    private $filename;
    
    public function import(): array {
        //import operation here
    }
    
    public function setFilename(string $filename): void {
        $this->filename = $filename;
    }
    
    public function getFilename(): ?string {
        return $this->filename;
    }
}

$factory = new ConfigFactory();
$factory->registerImporter('my-file-extension', new MyImporter());

ImmutableConfig

Basic configuration class, which provides methods to read, set and save configurations. Instances of this class are immutable, meaning that any call to set() will return a new instance.

Basic usage:

Retrieving specific value by key can be done by calling ImmutableConfig::get() method. Retrieving all configuration values can be done by calling ImmutableConfig::getConfig() method. The configuration is loaded on-demand.

<?php


use Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;


$factory = new ConfigFactory();
$config = $factory->create($_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/config.json');

$database = $config->get('database'); // Loads whole config and returns value
$allValues = $config->getConfig(); // Uses previously loaded values.

Key chaining

The get/set methods of ImmutableConfig support key chaining. It means that you can use dot (.) to concatenate the nested keys of configuration in order to get the nested value. Here is the configuration:

<?php

array(
    'database' => array(
        'username' => 'user',
        'password' => 'passwd'
    )
);

You can retrieve username for database connection using the following call:

<?php


use Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;


$factory = new ConfigFactory();
$config = $factory->create($_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/config.json');

$username = $config->get('database.username');
echo $username; // prints "user"

Feature management

Local management

To disable/enable key chaining for current instance of ImmutableConfig, call ImmutableConfig->disableKeyChaining().

Global management

Example on how to disable/enable key chaining for all instances that will be created by ConfigFactory object:

<?php

use Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;

$factory = new ConfigFactory();
$factory->getFeatureManager()->getKeyChaining()->disable();

$config = $factory->create('config.json'); // key chaining will be disabled for that instance.

Saving

You can also create/edit configuration using ImmutableConfig::set() method. When you set value, you get a new instance of ImmutableConfig with a new key => value pair. This is done in order to preserve immutability of the original configuration until you are ready to save it.

<?php


use Freezemage\Config\Importer\JsonImporter;
use Freezemage\Config\Exporter\JsonExporter;
use Freezemage\Config\ImmutableConfig;

$importer = new JsonImporter();
$exporter = new JsonExporter();

$importer->setFilename($_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/connection.json'); // Implying that file exists. 

$config = new ImmutableConfig($importer, $exporter);
$config = $config->set('database', array('username' => 'user')); // New ImmutableConfig is created.
$config->set('database.password', 'passwd')->save(); // Key chaining is supported for setter as well.

If you create a new instance of ImmutableConfig with no file to import, then it will be created. If the Exporter within ImmutableConfig doesn't have filename, then it will be generated based on configuration content. The same configuration leads to the same filename. The generated configuration name can be retrieved via ImmutableConfig->getExporter()->getFilename()

Section extraction

You can extract a section from the config and work with it as a separate instance of ImmutableConfig. The extracted ImmutableConfig section will behave exactly as if it was root section. Be wary that calling ImmutableConfig->save() will rewrite the contents of original config file, unless you do something like the following:

<?php


use \Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;


$factory = new ConfigFactory();
$config = $factory->create('config.json');
$database = $config->extractSection('database');
$database->getExporter()->setFilename('database.json');
$database->save(); // the content of database section will be saved into a separate 'database.json' file.

Configuration converting

You may want to convert configuration from .json to .php format. The following example does exactly that:

<?php


use Freezemage\Config\ConfigFactory;
use Freezemage\Config\Exporter\PhpExporter;


$factory = new ConfigFactory();

$configName = $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/config.json';
$config = $factory->create($configName);

$exporter = new PhpExporter();
$exporter->setFilename($configName);

$config->setExporter($exporter);
$config->save();

Precautions

Nested sections are not supported for IniExporter (as they are generally not support by anyone).
Calling IniExporter->export() with nested section will throw UnsupportedNestingException.