Standard Library for Puppet Modules


Keywords
puppetlabs, library, stdlib, standard, stages
License
Apache-2.0
Install
puppet module install puppetlabs-stdlib --version 6.1.0

Documentation

stdlib

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Module Description
  3. Setup
  4. Usage
  5. Reference
    1. Data Types
    2. Facts
  6. Limitations
  7. Development
  8. Contributors

Overview

This module provides a standard library of resources for Puppet modules.

Module Description

Puppet modules make heavy use of this standard library. The stdlib module adds the following resources to Puppet:

  • Stages
  • Facts
  • Functions
  • Defined types
  • Data types
  • Providers

Note: As of version 3.7, Puppet Enterprise no longer includes the stdlib module. If you're running Puppet Enterprise, you should install the most recent release of stdlib for compatibility with Puppet modules.

Setup

Install the stdlib module to add the functions, facts, and resources of this standard library to Puppet.

If you are authoring a module that depends on stdlib, be sure to specify dependencies in your metadata.json.

Usage

Most of stdlib's features are automatically loaded by Puppet. To use standardized run stages in Puppet, declare this class in your manifest with include stdlib.

When declared, stdlib declares all other classes in the module. The only other class currently included in the module is stdlib::stages.

The stdlib::stages class declares various run stages for deploying infrastructure, language runtimes, and application layers. The high level stages are (in order):

  • setup
  • main
  • runtime
  • setup_infra
  • deploy_infra
  • setup_app
  • deploy_app
  • deploy

Sample usage:

node default {
  include stdlib
  class { java: stage => 'runtime' }
}

Reference

For information on the classes and types, see the REFERENCE.md.

Data types

Stdlib::Absolutepath

A strict absolute path type. Uses a variant of Unixpath and Windowspath types.

Acceptable input examples:

/var/log
/usr2/username/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:.
C:\\WINDOWS\\System32

Unacceptable input example:

../relative_path

Stdlib::Ensure::Service

Matches acceptable ensure values for service resources.

Acceptable input examples:

stopped
running

Unacceptable input example:

true
false

Stdlib::HTTPSUrl

Matches HTTPS URLs. It is a case insensitive match.

Acceptable input example:

https://hello.com

HTTPS://HELLO.COM

Unacceptable input example:

httds://notquiteright.org`

Stdlib::HTTPUrl

Matches both HTTPS and HTTP URLs. It is a case insensitive match.

Acceptable input example:

https://hello.com

http://hello.com

HTTP://HELLO.COM

Unacceptable input example:

httds://notquiteright.org

Stdlib::MAC

Matches MAC addresses defined in RFC5342.

Stdlib::Unixpath

Matches absolute paths on Unix operating systems.

Acceptable input example:

/usr2/username/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:

/var/tmp

Unacceptable input example:

C:/whatever

some/path

../some/other/path

Stdlib::Filemode

Matches octal file modes consisting of one to four numbers and symbolic file modes.

Acceptable input examples:

0644
1777
a=Xr,g=w

Unacceptable input examples:

x=r,a=wx
0999

Stdlib::Windowspath

Matches paths on Windows operating systems.

Acceptable input example:

C:\\WINDOWS\\System32

C:\\

\\\\host\\windows

Valid values: A windows filepath.

Stdlib::Filesource

Matches paths valid values for the source parameter of the Puppet file type.

Acceptable input example:

http://example.com

https://example.com

file:///hello/bla

Valid values: A filepath.

Stdlib::Fqdn

Matches paths on fully qualified domain name.

Acceptable input example:

localhost

example.com

www.example.com

Valid values: Domain name of a server.

Stdlib::Host

Matches a valid host which could be a valid ipv4, ipv6 or fqdn.

Acceptable input example:

localhost

www.example.com

192.0.2.1

Valid values: An IP address or domain name.

Stdlib::Port

Matches a valid TCP/UDP Port number.

Acceptable input examples:

80

443

65000

Valid values: An Integer.

Stdlib::Port::Privileged

Matches a valid TCP/UDP Privileged port i.e. < 1024.

Acceptable input examples:

80

443

1023

Valid values: A number less than 1024.

Stdlib::Port::Unprivileged

Matches a valid TCP/UDP Privileged port i.e. >= 1024.

Acceptable input examples:

1024

1337

65000

Valid values: A number more than or equal to 1024.

Stdlib::Base32

Matches paths a valid base32 string.

Acceptable input example:

ASDASDDASD3453453

asdasddasd3453453=

ASDASDDASD3453453==

Valid values: A base32 string.

Stdlib::Base64

Matches paths a valid base64 string.

Acceptable input example:

asdasdASDSADA342386832/746+=

asdasdASDSADA34238683274/6+

asdasdASDSADA3423868327/46+==

Valid values: A base64 string.

Stdlib::Ipv4

This type is no longer available. To make use of this functionality, use Stdlib::IP::Address::V4.

Stdlib::Ipv6

This type is no longer available. To make use of this functionality, use Stdlib::IP::Address::V6.

Stdlib::Ip_address

This type is no longer available. To make use of this functionality, use Stdlib::IP::Address

Stdlib::IP::Address

Matches any IP address, including both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. It will match them either with or without an address prefix as used in CIDR format IPv4 addresses.

Examples:

'127.0.0.1' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address                                # true
'10.1.240.4/24' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address                            # true
'52.10.10.141' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address                             # true
'192.168.1' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address                                # false
'FEDC:BA98:7654:3210:FEDC:BA98:7654:3210' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address  # true
'FF01:0:0:0:0:0:0:101' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address                     # true

Stdlib::IP::Address::V4

Match any string consisting of an IPv4 address in the quad-dotted decimal format, with or without a CIDR prefix. It will not match any abbreviated form (for example, 192.168.1) because these are poorly documented and inconsistently supported.

Examples:

'127.0.0.1' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V4                                # true
'10.1.240.4/24' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V4                            # true
'192.168.1' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V4                                # false
'FEDC:BA98:7654:3210:FEDC:BA98:7654:3210' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V4  # false
'12AB::CD30:192.168.0.1' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V4                   # false

Valid values: An IPv4 address.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6

Match any string consistenting of an IPv6 address in any of the documented formats in RFC 2373, with or without an address prefix.

Examples:

'127.0.0.1' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V6                                # false
'10.1.240.4/24' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V6                            # false
'FEDC:BA98:7654:3210:FEDC:BA98:7654:3210' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V6  # true
'FF01:0:0:0:0:0:0:101' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V6                     # true
'FF01::101' =~ Stdlib::IP::Address::V6                                # true

Valid values: An IPv6 address.

Stdlib::IP::Address::Nosubnet

Match the same things as the Stdlib::IP::Address alias, except it will not match an address that includes an address prefix (for example, it will match '192.168.0.6' but not '192.168.0.6/24').

Valid values: An IP address with no subnet.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V4::CIDR

Match an IPv4 address in the CIDR format. It will only match if the address contains an address prefix (for example, it will match '192.168.0.6/24' but not '192.168.0.6').

Valid values: An IPv4 address with a CIDR provided eg: '192.186.8.101/105'. This will match anything inclusive of '192.186.8.101' to '192.168.8.105'.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V4::Nosubnet

Match an IPv4 address only if the address does not contain an address prefix (for example, it will match '192.168.0.6' but not '192.168.0.6/24').

Valid values: An IPv4 address with no subnet.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Full

Match an IPv6 address formatted in the "preferred form" as documented in section 2.2 of RFC 2373, with or without an address prefix as documented in section 2.3 of RFC 2373.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Alternate

Match an IPv6 address formatted in the "alternative form" allowing for representing the last two 16-bit pieces of the address with a quad-dotted decimal, as documented in section 2.2.1 of RFC 2373. It will match addresses with or without an address prefix as documented in section 2.3 of RFC 2373.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Compressed

Match an IPv6 address which may contain :: used to compress zeros as documented in section 2.2.2 of RFC 2373. It will match addresses with or without an address prefix as documented in section 2.3 of RFC 2373.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet

Alias to allow Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet::Full, Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet::Alternate and Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet::Compressed.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet::Full

Match an IPv6 address formatted in the "preferred form" as documented in section 2.2 of RFC 2373. It will not match addresses with address prefix as documented in section 2.3 of RFC 2373.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet::Alternate

Match an IPv6 address formatted in the "alternative form" allowing for representing the last two 16-bit pieces of the address with a quad-dotted decimal, as documented in section 2.2.1 of RFC 2373. It will only match addresses without an address prefix as documented in section 2.3 of RFC 2373.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::Nosubnet::Compressed

Match an IPv6 address which may contain :: used to compress zeros as documented in section 2.2.2 of RFC 2373. It will only match addresses without an address prefix as documented in section 2.3 of RFC 2373.

Stdlib::IP::Address::V6::CIDR

Match an IPv6 address in the CIDR format. It will only match if the address contains an address prefix (for example, it will match 'FF01:0:0:0:0:0:0:101/32', 'FF01::101/60', '::/0', but not 'FF01:0:0:0:0:0:0:101', 'FF01::101', '::').

Stdlib::ObjectStore

Matches cloud object store uris.

Acceptable input example:

s3://mybucket/path/to/file

gs://bucket/file

Valid values: cloud object store uris.

Stdlib::ObjectStore::GSUri

Matches Google Cloud object store uris.

Acceptable input example:

gs://bucket/file

gs://bucket/path/to/file

Valid values: Google Cloud object store uris.

Stdlib::ObjectStore::S3Uri

Matches Amazon Web Services S3 object store uris.

Acceptable input example:

s3://bucket/file

s3://bucket/path/to/file

Valid values: Amazon Web Services S3 object store uris.

Stdlib::Syslogfacility

An enum that defines all syslog facilities defined in RFC5424. This is based on work in the voxpupuli/nrpe module.

Facts

package_provider

Returns the default provider Puppet uses to manage packages on this system.

is_pe

Returns whether Puppet Enterprise is installed. Does not report anything on platforms newer than PE 3.x.

pe_version

Returns the version of Puppet Enterprise installed. Does not report anything on platforms newer than PE 3.x.

pe_major_version

Returns the major version Puppet Enterprise that is installed. Does not report anything on platforms newer than PE 3.x.

pe_minor_version

Returns the minor version of Puppet Enterprise that is installed. Does not report anything on platforms newer than PE 3.x.

pe_patch_version

Returns the patch version of Puppet Enterprise that is installed.

puppet_vardir

Returns the value of the Puppet vardir setting for the node running Puppet or Puppet agent.

puppet_environmentpath

Returns the value of the Puppet environment path settings for the node running Puppet or Puppet agent.

puppet_server

Returns the Puppet agent's server value, which is the hostname of the Puppet master with which the agent should communicate.

root_home

Determines the root home directory.

Determines the root home directory, which depends on your operating system. Generally this is '/root'.

service_provider

Returns the default provider Puppet uses to manage services on this system

Limitations

As of Puppet Enterprise 3.7, the stdlib module is no longer included in PE. PE users should install the most recent release of stdlib for compatibility with Puppet modules.

For an extensive list of supported operating systems, see metadata.json

Development

Puppet modules on the Puppet Forge are open projects, and community contributions are essential for keeping them great. We can’t access the huge number of platforms and myriad hardware, software, and deployment configurations that Puppet is intended to serve. We want to keep it as easy as possible to contribute changes so that our modules work in your environment. There are a few guidelines that we need contributors to follow so that we can have a chance of keeping on top of things. For more information, see our module contribution guide.

To report or research a bug with any part of this module, please go to http://tickets.puppetlabs.com/browse/MODULES.

Contributors

The list of contributors can be found at: https://github.com/puppetlabs/puppetlabs-stdlib/graphs/contributors.