An abstraction layer for multiple version control systems.

pip install anyvcs==1.4.0



A Python abstraction layer for multiple version control systems.

Build Status PyPI Package

python-anyvcs provides a Python interface to work with version control repositories through a consistent interface regardless of the underlying repository type. It currently supports:

  • Git repositories (either bare or non-bare)
  • Mercurial repositories
  • Subversion master repositories (those created with svnadmin create)

The focus is on read-only operations, but a few write operations are supported (like creating new repositories or loading a Subversion dumpfile).

If you are looking for an interface to work with working copies of version control repositories, either contribute to this project or look elsewhere.

Supported Operations

  • ls() - list files
  • cat() - read file contents
  • readlink() - read symbolic link target
  • branches() - list branches
  • bookmarks() - list bookmarks (Mercurial only)
  • tags() - list tags
  • heads() - list all branches, bookmarks, tags, etc.
  • tip() - find the tip of a named head
  • empty() - determine if the repository contains any commits
  • __len__() - count the number of commits in the repository
  • __contains__() - determine if the repository contains the given revision
  • log() - get commit logs
  • changed() - list files that were changed in a given revision
  • pdiff() - get diff that a given revision introduced
  • diff() - get diff between any two revisions
  • ancestor() - find most recent common ancestor of any two revisions
  • blame() - blame (a.k.a. annotate) lines of a file
  • canonical_rev() - get the canonical revision identifier
  • compose_rev() - compose a revision identifier which encodes branch and revision
  • clone() - clone an existing repository
  • private_path - a path in the repository where untracked data can be stored
  • dump() - create a Subversion dumpfile (Subversion only)
  • load() - load a Subversion dumpfile (Subversion only)

Operations that are not natively supported by the underlying version control system are implemented in this library.


>>> from pprint import pprint
>>> import anyvcs
>>> repo ='/path/to/repo')
>>> repo.branches()
['1.0_develop', '1.0_master', 'develop', 'master']
>>> log = repo.log(limit=3)
>>> pprint([commit.message for commit in log])
["Merge branch 'release/1.2.0' into develop\n",
 "Merge branch 'release/1.2.0'\n",
 'add README symlink to keep python happy\n',
 'add copyright information\n']
>>> ls ='master', '/')
>>> pprint(ls)
[{'name': '.gitignore', 'path': '.gitignore', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'AUTHORS', 'path': 'AUTHORS', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'COPYING', 'path': 'COPYING', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'COPYING.LESSER', 'path': 'COPYING.LESSER', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'LICENSE', 'path': 'LICENSE', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': '', 'path': '', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'README', 'path': 'README', 'type': 'l'},
 {'name': '', 'path': '', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'RELEASE-NOTES.txt', 'path': 'RELEASE-NOTES.txt', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': 'anyvcs', 'path': 'anyvcs', 'type': 'd'},
 {'name': '', 'path': '', 'type': 'f'},
 {'name': '', 'path': '', 'type': 'f'}]


python-anyvcs should work with the following software versions:

  • Python: 2.6 or later (including 3.0 or later)
  • Git: 1.7.0 or later
  • Mercurial: 1.6.1 or later
  • Subversion: 1.5 or later