Bert Embeddings

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BERT, published by Google, is new way to obtain pre-trained language model word representation. Many NLP tasks are benefit from BERT to get the SOTA.

The goal of this project is to obtain the token embedding from BERT's pre-trained model. In this way, instead of building and do fine-tuning for an end-to-end NLP model, you can build your model by just utilizing or token embedding.

This project is implemented with @MXNet. Special thanks to @gluon-nlp team.


pip install bert-embedding
# If you want to run on GPU machine, please install `mxnet-cu92`.
pip install mxnet-cu92


from bert_embedding import BertEmbedding

bert_abstract = """We introduce a new language representation model called BERT, which stands for Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers.
 Unlike recent language representation models, BERT is designed to pre-train deep bidirectional representations by jointly conditioning on both left and right context in all layers.
 As a result, the pre-trained BERT representations can be fine-tuned with just one additional output layer to create state-of-the-art models for a wide range of tasks, such as question answering and language inference, without substantial task-specific architecture modifications. 
BERT is conceptually simple and empirically powerful. 
It obtains new state-of-the-art results on eleven natural language processing tasks, including pushing the GLUE benchmark to 80.4% (7.6% absolute improvement), MultiNLI accuracy to 86.7 (5.6% absolute improvement) and the SQuAD v1.1 question answering Test F1 to 93.2 (1.5% absolute improvement), outperforming human performance by 2.0%."""
sentences = bert_abstract.split('\n')
bert_embedding = BertEmbedding()
result = bert_embedding(sentences)

If you want to use GPU, please import mxnet and set context

import mxnet as mx
from bert_embedding import BertEmbedding


ctx = mx.gpu(0)
bert = BertEmbedding(ctx=ctx)

This result is a list of a tuple containing (tokens, tokens embedding)

For example:

first_sentence = result[0]

# ['we', 'introduce', 'a', 'new', 'language', 'representation', 'model', 'called', 'bert', ',', 'which', 'stands', 'for', 'bidirectional', 'encoder', 'representations', 'from', 'transformers']
# 18

# 18
first_token_in_first_sentence = first_sentence[1]
# array([ 0.4805648 ,  0.18369392, -0.28554988, ..., -0.01961522,
#        1.0207764 , -0.67167974], dtype=float32)
# (768,)


There are three ways to handle oov, avg (default), sum, and last. This can be specified in encoding.

bert_embedding = BertEmbedding()
bert_embedding(sentences, 'sum')

Available pre-trained BERT models

book_corpus_wiki_en_uncased book_corpus_wiki_en_cased wiki_multilingual wiki_multilingual_cased wiki_cn
bert_24_1024_16 x x x x

Example of using the large pre-trained BERT model from Google

from bert_embedding import BertEmbedding

bert_embedding = BertEmbedding(model='bert_24_1024_16', dataset_name='book_corpus_wiki_en_cased')

Source: gluonnlp