Certifi: Python SSL Certificates
Certifi provides Mozilla's carefully curated collection of Root Certificates for validating the trustworthiness of SSL certificates while verifying the identity of TLS hosts. It has been extracted from the Requests project.
certifi is available on PyPI. Simply install it with
$ pip install certifi
To reference the installed certificate authority (CA) bundle, you can use the built-in function:
>>> import certifi >>> certifi.where() '/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/certifi/cacert.pem'
Or from the command line:
$ python -m certifi /usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/certifi/cacert.pem
1024-bit Root Certificates
Browsers and certificate authorities have concluded that 1024-bit keys are
unacceptably weak for certificates, particularly root certificates. For this
reason, Mozilla has removed any weak (i.e. 1024-bit key) certificate from its
bundle, replacing it with an equivalent strong (i.e. 2048-bit or greater key)
certificate from the same CA. Because Mozilla removed these certificates from
certifi removed them as well.
In previous versions,
certifi provided the
to intentionally re-add the 1024-bit roots back into your bundle. This was not
recommended in production and therefore was removed at the end of 2018.
Addition/Removal of Certificates
Certifi does not support any addition/removal or other modification of the CA trust store content. This project is intended to provide a reliable and highly portable root of trust to python deployments. Look to upstream projects for methods to use alternate trust.