A provisioning tool for Digital Ocean cloud

pip install cloudmaker==0.9


Release Notes

0.7 Added an option to load digital ocean security settings from server.json['digital_ocean'] Also added the templates package with a render method


Cloudmaker makes provisioning servers on Digital Ocean both easy and repeatable. It also provides simple python methods for doing common setup tasks like installing packages.

With Cloudmaker, each server is described by a directory which contains 2 files.

  • server.json - describes the server to be deployed
  • - a python script that will be run on the server after it has been provisioned


  • A Digital Ocean Account
  • A Digital Ocean Personal Access Token ( see this Digital Ocean Tutorial for instructions )
  • An ssh key. If you do not already have one, see this article for instructions. Cloudmaker can automatically upload you public ssh key. Cloudmaker does not need your private ssh key.


pip install cloudmaker


  • create ~/.cloudmaker.json similar to the one below containing your digital ocean api key and the public portion of the ssh key you will use to accesss your servers.
    "digital_ocean_api_key" : "fjejhuiu9880hthisimadeup0845943unsff4utrjd"
    ,"public_ssh_key" : "ssh-rsa fr99bjr9urugrbtthisisalsomadeupPDQ"
  • test by running cloudmaker inventory. You should see something like the following:
loaded security information from /Users/randy/cloudmaker/~/.cloudmaker.json
ssh key already registered
wrote inventory to file: "inventory.json"

Walk Through: Using Cloudmaker to Deploy a Server with Apach2 and MySQL Server

  • Create a new directory: "myserver". Edit "myserver/server.json" to look something like the one below
    "digitalocean" : {
        "provision": {
            "name" : "myserver"
            , "region" : "nyc3"
            , "size" : "512mb"
            , "image" :  "debian-7-0-x64"
            , "backups" : false,
            , "dnsRecords" : ["",""]
  • In the same dirctory, create an install script for your server called "" with contents similar to the following:

import logging
import sys

from cloudmaker.linux import *


passw = 'my-db-pass'
debconfSetSelections('mysql-server', 'mysql-server/root_password', 'password', passw)
debconfSetSelections('mysql-server', 'mysql-server/root_password_again', 'password', passw)
  • Deploy it!
cloudmaker deploy myserver
  • To undeploy everything and remove the name records, just run:
cloudmaker undeploy myserver


Implementation Notes

Provisioning proceeds in the following order: 1. If the ssh key provided in security.json is not present within your Digital Ocean account, it is uploaded. 2. The server is provisioned. If provided, the server will be provisioned with your public ssh key so you will be able to access it with passwordless ssh 3. The requested DNS records are created / verified . If there is already a record with the requested name, mapped to another server, that one will be removed and a correct one will be created. Currently only "A" records are created.


sample inventory.json file

   "server1": {
      "names": [
      "region": "nyc3", 
      "private_network_interfaces": {
         "ipv4": ""
      "public_network_interfaces": {
         "ipv4": "", 
         "ipv6": "2604:a880:0800:0010:0000:0000:0060:c001"
      "backups": false, 
      "image": "debian-7-0-x64", 
      "size": "1gb"
   "server2": {
      "names": [
      "region": "nyc3", 
      "private_network_interfaces": {
         "ipv4": ""
      "public_network_interfaces": {
         "ipv4": "", 
         "ipv6": "2604:a880:0800:0010:0000:0000:0060:e001"
      "backups": false, 
      "image": "debian-7-0-x64", 
      "size": "1gb"

Valid Values for Digital Ocean Size, Region and Image Attributes


  • "512mb"
  • "1gb"
  • "2gb"
  • "4gb"
  • "8gb"
  • "16gb"
  • "32gb"
  • "48gb"
  • "64gb"


  • "nyc1"
  • "ams1"
  • "sfo1"
  • "nyc2"
  • "ams2"
  • "sgp1"
  • "lon1"
  • "nyc3"
  • "ams3"
  • "fra1"


  • "coreos-stable"
  • "coreos-beta"
  • "coreos-alpha"
  • "centos-5-8-x64"
  • "centos-5-8-x32"
  • "debian-6-0-x64"
  • "debian-6-0-x32"
  • "fedora-21-x64"
  • "ubuntu-14-10-x32"
  • "ubuntu-14-10-x64"
  • "freebsd-10-1-x64"
  • "ubuntu-12-04-x64"
  • "ubuntu-12-04-x32"
  • "debian-7-0-x64"
  • "debian-7-0-x32"
  • "centos-7-0-x64"
  • "centos-6-5-x32"
  • "centos-6-5-x64"
  • "ubuntu-14-04-x64"
  • "ubuntu-14-04-x32"
  • "fedora-22-x64"
  • "debian-8-x64"
  • "ubuntu-15-04-x64"
  • "debian-8-x32"
  • "ubuntu-15-04-x32"