Allows to temporarily modify the power management settings on a MacOS to run processes uninterruptedly.

pip install espressomaker==0.1rc1



espressomaker is a Python 3 module that provides a context manager, among other functionalities, to modify the power management settings on a MacOS X system so that lengthy tasks (e.g. a machine learning training algorithm) can run uninterruptedly β€” without your Mac going to sleep.

More specifically, espressomaker is a wrapper of caffeinate, a shell command in MacOS X distributions that allows users to alter the system's sleep behavior. In this sense, espressomaker runs caffeinate subprocesses from the Python 3 interpreter or the IPython kernel from where it was imported and allows to control your Mac's sleep settings through a simple and intuitive set of Python commands.


1. Quick Start

To install espressomaker, run the following on your Terminal:

$ pip install espressomaker

To use espressomaker as a context manager for a block of code, run on a Python 3 interpreter or an IPython kernel:

from espressomaker import Espresso

with Espresso.shot():

The indented code will be run using the context manager of espressomaker, Espresso.shot(). While this code is running, your Mac won't go to sleep.

2. Purpose

espressomaker provides a Python 3 module that prevents your Mac from sleep when you are running lengthy tasks β€” blocks of code that take a long time to finish.

Many applications that run on Python may take hours to finish, like machine learning training algorithms. If a task is actively running on a Python 3 interpreter β€” e.g. a Python script β€” or an iPython kernel β€” e.g. a Jupyter notebook β€”Β and the system goes to sleep, the running processes will be interrupted and all the progress related to that block of code will be lost.

To avoid that, espressomaker provides a handful of functionalities, including a useful context manager to run blocks of code. The context manager functionality, provided in Espresso β€” a module of espressomaker β€”, will allow you to temporarily change the power management settings of your Mac while the indented block of code is running. Once the task is done, the settings will return to its default state.

espressomaker is a package that intends to facilitate dealing with lengthy Python tasks such that the user can, in a single line of code, forget about dealing with interrupted processes.

3. Installation

To install espressomaker, run on your terminal:

$ pip install espressomaker

You can find the package's PyPI link here.


The installation process using pip should be uneventful. After the installation, the package should be located at:

  • /Users/<your_username>/.local/lib/pythonX.Y/site-packages/, if you use pip as the default package manager; or,
  • /Users/<your_username>/anaconda3/lib/pythonX.Y/site-packages/, if you use conda as a package manager;

where X.Y is your current Python version (root environment). You can check if these directories are considered by Python's system's path by running:

import sys

However, if when importing a ModuleNotFoundError occurs, it could be possible that your current interpreter/kernel is not including the directory where espressomaker is installed at. Although this is unlikely, you can find the current location of the package by running on your Terminal:

$ find /Users/ -type d -name 'espressomaker' 2>/dev/null | grep ".*python.*"

The previous command will search for a folder called espressomaker in the Users/ directory and only print the matches that belong to a python subdirectory. If the directory found is not on sys.path, you can manually add it to Python's path using:


4. User guide

4.1 Working principle

The Espresso module from espressomaker allows you to run caffeinate subprocesses β€” child processes of your current Python interpreter or IPython kernel. caffeinate is a shell command available on MacOS distributions that allows to modify the power management settings of your system by creating assertions. In this context, caffeinate is used to prevent your MacOS system from sleeping while a task is being computed.

The Espresso module offers two ways to run caffeinate subprocesses:

  1. As a context manager for a task β€” a block of code β€”, using the shot() method, or;
  2. As a manual method call, using the opentab() and closetab() methods (i.e. the user defines when to start running the subprocess and when to finish it).

In either way, your Mac will not sleep until the task is completed β€” when using the context manager mode β€” or until you manually close the tab.

4.2 Importing the module

To import the functionalities of espressomaker to Python, run:

from espressomaker import Espresso

4.3 Default settings

The Espresso module has two class-level settings: verbose and display_on. The verbose parameter enables messages related to the status of the module when using the shot() context manager. The display_on parameter determines whether the display of your Mac will remain on (if display_on = True) or if it will turn off (display_on = False) as per the current settings of your Mac.

The default class-level settings can be retrieved using config():

>>> Espresso.config()
Espresso(verbose = True, display_on = False)

To change these class-level settings β€” to set new default settings β€”, just pass in the parameters you want to change into Espresso.config():

>>> Espresso.config(display_on = True)
Espresso(verbose = True, display_on = True)

Safety note

For safety reasons, espressomaker only works when your Mac is connected to AC power β€” it will not work if you are using battery power.

4.4 Using the context manager β€” Espresso.shot()

One of the main advantages of the Espresso module is that it allows to run a task β€” a block of code β€” using a context manager. The context manager enables the caffeinate functionality β€” instantiates the subprocess β€”Β for the code inside it and then closes the process β€”Β kills the subprocess.

To use it, run:

>>> with Espresso.shot(display_on = True):
...     function_1()
...     function_2()

As shown above, you can always override the display_on default settings by passing in a new value for that argument, which will only work for that instance call.

4.5 Manually opening and closing tabs β€” Espresso.opentab() and Espresso.closetab()

Espresso also provides a manual way to instantiate a "caffeinate" subprocess in the current interpreter or kernel. The opentab() and closetab() methods allow you to instantiate and kill the caffeinate subprocess, respectively.

>>> Espresso.opentab()
[espressomaker] Espresso tab opened on Mon, 23/Sep/2019 10:38:46 (display_on = False).

# Your work

>>> Espresso.closetab()
[espressomaker] Espresso tab closed.

The Espresso module will prevent you from opening more than one caffeinate subprocess for the same parent process β€” e.g. the Python interpreter, the IPython kernel from which you are running espressomaker. Moreover, you can always run espressomaker in multiple interpreters and kernels and check which caffeinate subprocess belongs to your current interpreter or kernel by running Espresso.check().


While opening more than one caffeinate subprocess from a single parent process using espressomaker is not possible, if it occurs you might not be able to use closetab() to close all the running subprocesses. When you kill the parent process β€” e.g. close the Jupyter notebook, restart the kernel β€” all the child processes are killed along with it. If for some reason you suspect a caffeinate process is still running, you can try to pinpoint it using Espresso.check(), or you can kill all the caffeinate processes in your Mac running Espresso.killall().

4.6 Checking the tabs β€” Espresso.check()

Espresso.check() allows you to retrieve a list of all the running caffeinate processes in your Mac. If you have one running in your current interpreter or kernel, it will be explicitly indicated:

>>> Espresso.check()
[espressomaker] The following "caffeinate" processes were found:
USER               PID COMMAND
<your_username>  62900 caffeinate -is -w 5531 (This kernel)

4.7 Killing all caffeinate processes β€” Espresso.killall()

The killall() method will kill all caffeinate processes running in the system. Before running it, be sure that you don't have other caffeinate active processes that you might need.

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