Create and modify nginx serverblock configs in Python

nginx, web, servers, serverblock, server, block, nginx-server, nginx-serverblock, python, python-2, python-library, python-nginx, python3
pip install python-nginx==1.5.7




A module for easily creating and modifying nginx serverblock configurations in Python (including comments!).


pip install python-nginx


Create an nginx serverblock and save it to file:

>>> import nginx
>>> c = nginx.Conf()
>>> u = nginx.Upstream('php',
...     nginx.Key('server', 'unix:/tmp/php-fcgi.socket')
...	)
>>> c.add(u)
>>> s = nginx.Server()
>>> s.add(
...     nginx.Key('listen', '80'),
...     nginx.Comment('Yes, python-nginx can read/write comments!'),
...     nginx.Key('server_name', 'localhost'),
...     nginx.Key('root', '/srv/http'),
...     nginx.Key('index', 'index.php'),
...     nginx.Location('= /robots.txt',
...          nginx.Key('allow', 'all'),
...          nginx.Key('log_not_found', 'off'),
...          nginx.Key('access_log', 'off')
...     ),
...     nginx.Location('~ \.php$',
...          nginx.Key('include', 'fastcgi.conf'),
...          nginx.Key('fastcgi_intercept_errors', 'on'),
...          nginx.Key('fastcgi_pass', 'php')
...     )
... )
>>> c.add(s)
>>> nginx.dumpf(c, '/etc/nginx/sites-available/mysite')

Load an nginx serverblock from a file:

>>> import nginx
>>> c = nginx.loadf('/etc/nginx/sites-available/testsite')
>>> c.children
[<main.Server object at 0x7f1ed4573890>]
>>> c.server.children
[<main.Comment object at 0x7f1ed45736d0>, <main.Key object at 0x7f1ed4573750>, <main.Key object at 0x7f1ed4573790>, <main.Location object at 0x7f1ed4573850>]
>>> c.as_dict
{'conf': [{'server': [{'#': 'This is a test comment'}, {'server_name': 'localhost'}, {'root': '/srv/http'}, {'location /': [{'allow': 'all'}]}]}]}

Format an nginx serverblock into a string (change the amount of spaces (or tabs) for each indentation level by modifying nginx.INDENT first):

>>> c.servers
[<main.Server object at 0x7f1ed4573890>]
>>> c.as_strings
['server {\n', '    # This is a test comment\n', '    server_name localhost;\n', '    root /srv/http;\n', '\n    location / {\n', '        allow all;\n', '    }\n\n', '}\n']

Find where you put your keys:

>>> import nginx
>>> c = nginx.loadf('/etc/nginx/sites-available/testsite')
>>> c.filter('Server')
[<main.Server object at 0x7f1ed4573890>]
>>> c.filter('Server')[0].filter('Key', 'root')
[<main.Key object at 0x7f1ed4573790>]
>>> c.filter('Server')[0].filter('Location')
[<main.Location object at 0x7f1ed4573850>]

Or just get everything by its type:

>>> import nginx
>>> c = nginx.loadf('/etc/nginx/sites-available/testsite')
>>> c.servers
[<main.Server object at 0x7f1ed4573890>]
>>> c.servers[0].keys
[<main.Key object at 0x7f1ed4573750>, <main.Key object at 0x7f1ed4573790>]